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Bethany,  Illinois  61914 


The  United  States  of  America  is  celebrating  it's 
Bicentennial  in  1976.  Bethany  and  Marrowbone  Township 
has  contributed  much  to  the  history  of  central  Illinois  in 
the  past  100  years. 

The  Chamber  of  Commerce  of  Bethany  decided  to  place 
Bethany's  fine  history  in  print  to  celebrate  the  Bicenten- 
nial. The  Chamber  is  a  diverse  organization  in  member- 
ship. The  business  community  as  well  as  farmers,  factory 
workers,  housewives,  and  concerned  residents  are  among 
the  membership. 

The  Chamber  members  displayed  a  unified  effort  in 
making  this  book  possible.  The  membership  would  like  to 
thank  all  of  the  people  who  donated  information  and  pic- 
tures. Special  thanks  go  to  Glenn  Austin  and  Ruth 
Suddarth,  who  amassed  the  information  needed  for  this 

Gary  Himstedt 
Chamber  of  Commerce 
President  1975 

Sco  ZiiJ 


written  by  Jim  Scott 

Published  by 
Bethany  Chamber  of  Commerce 


This  book  is  dedicated  to  the  forward-looking  citizens  of 
Marrowbone  Township,  both  past  and  present,  who  have 
made  Bethany  a  good  place  to  live — and  to  rear  children. 

And  my  special  thanks  to  all  the  persons  who  helped  me 
in  the  preparation  of  this  book. 

— Jim  Scott 

Chapter  1 

The  History  of  BETHANY 

By  Jim  Scott 

"We  cannot  escape  history,  we  will  be  remembered  in  spite 
of  ourselves. " 

— Abraham  Lincoln 

The  Village's  Genesis 

Bethany  in  1977  observed  its  Centennial,  a  hundred 
years  of  tranquility,  marred  only  by  four  wars,  which  cost 
the  lives  of  many  of  its  young  sons. 

And  that  was  the  way  the  founders  of  the  village  en- 
visioned it:  an  agricultural  community  of  quiet  and  happy 

And,  as  the  nation  turned  into  the  1970's,  when  crime, 
wanton  destruction  and  dissension  rocked  the  cities  of  the 
land,  Bethany  remained  true  to  its  heritage,  a  haven  for 
law-abiding  citizens. 

"The  people  I  want  to  hear  about  are  the  people  who 
took  risks. " 

— Robert  Frost 

And,  at  the  inception  of  Bethany,  everyone  was  taking  a 
risk.  The  land  lay  rich  and  inviting  for  crops,  but  equip- 
ment in  those  days  required  much  muscle  and  endurance. 

Throughout  the  19th  Century,  the  pioneers  and  their 
families  continued  to  trek  to  Central  Illinois  from  the 
crowded  East  and  Southern  states.  In  1818,  the  Rev.  D.  W. 
McLin  settled  in  Illinois.  He  organized  the  first  regular 
congregation  of  the  Cumberland  Church  in  the  state.  At  a 
camp  meeting  in  1819,  Joel  F.  Knight  was  converted,  and 
he  later  preached  for  the  Bethany  congregation. 

There  were  many  hardships  in  the  formative  days  of  the 
town.  A  great  blizzard  swept  through  the  Eastern  half  of 
the  United  States  in  1888.  A  far  worse  storm  ravaged 
Moultrie  County  in  1830-31.  The  early  settlers  suffered  un- 
told hardships  for  they  were  totally  unprepared  for  it.  The 

snow  started  falling  the  first  of  December  and  continued 
most  of  the  winter.  For  weeks,  the  settlers  were  buried  in 
their  cabins.  And  their  cattle  perished  of  cold  and  starva- 

And  a  depression  hit  the  Midwest  in  the  early  1890s.  In 
1894,  Jacob  S.  Coxy  led  20,000  unemployed  Midwestern 
men  into  Washington  April  29,  seeking  jobs  for  all. 

But  inventions  were  opening  up  opportunities  in  the  new 
nation.  In  1894,  Thomas  A.  Edison  gave  his  kinetoscope  to 
the  public  in  a  showing  in  New  York  City. 

Automobiles  began  to  appear  across  the  land  as  the  20th 
Century  dawned,  and  a  motor  car  first  crossed  the  nation, 
from  San  Francisco  to  New  York,  between  May  23  and 
Aug.  1,  1903. 

By  1915  you  could  talk  coast-to-coast,  thanks  to  the  in- 
vention of  Alexander  Graham  Bell  and  Thomas  A.  Watson. 

The  sweet  smell  of  the  countryside,  and  hum  of  the  bees 
and  the  birdsongs  cheered  the  first  arrivals  in  Bethany  in 
the  1820s.  Many  of  the  newcomers  had  only  recently  ar- 
rived from  Europe,  and  they  had  complete  faith  in  the  in- 
scription on  the  Statue  of  Liberty,  viz: 

"Give  me  your  tired,  your  poor,  your  huddled  masses 
yearning  to  breathe  free  .  .  .  the  wretched  refuse  of  your 
teaming  shore  .  .  .  send  these,  the  homeless,  tempest- 
tossed  to  me.  .  .  .  I  lift  my  lamp  beside  the  golden 
John  Deere,  a  former  Vermont  blacksmith,  in  1837  in- 
vented the  steel  plow  that  knifed  through  the  sticky  Illinois 
soil.  He  set  up  a  plant  at  Moline  to  manufacture  it  and 
called  it  "The  Prairie  Queen." 

Together  with  Cyrus  Hall  McCormick's  reaper, 
manufactured  in  Chicago,  it  revolutionized  agriculture. 
But  it  would  be  years  before  the  Marrowbone  farmers 
could  afford  one  or  both. 

British  soldiers  took  over  Illinois  in  1765.  But,  in  1778, 
George  Rogers  Glark  and  his  175  riflemen,  came  down  the 
Ohio  River  to  recapture  the  territory  for  the  United  States. 
In  1829,  the  Black  Hawks  attempted  to  rally  all 
theWestern  Indians  into  a  confederation  to  stop  the  ad- 
vance of  the  Whites.  The  result  was  the  Black  Hawk  War 
in  1832  that  drove  the  Indians  from  Illinois. 

In  1818,  Illinois  joined  the  Union  as  the  21st  state  with 
Kaskaskia  as  its  capital.  Moultrie  County  was  created  Feb. 
16,  1843,  Marrowbone  Township,  Jan.  22,  1867. 

Jacob  McCune,  a  New  Yorker,  who  was  one  of  the  heroes 
of  the  War  of  1812,  moved  to  Moultrie  County  in  1828  with 
his  two  eldest  sons  and  their  families.  They  soon  en- 
countered a  friend,  John  Wilborn,  who  had  a  cabin  near 

In  1829,  McCune  and  Jones  Daniels  were  hunting  along 
a  creek  in  Marrowbone  Township,  as  it  later  became 
known.  At  dusk,  they  lighted  their  campfire  and  feasted  on 
venison  roasted  over  the  fire.  After  eating  the  meat,  they 
broke  the  bones  and  consumed  the  marrow. 

The  next  morning,  as  they  prepared  to  leave,  Daniels 
asked:  "What  shall  we  call  this  camp?" 

McCune,  looking  around  at  the  scattered  bones,  replied: 
"Let's  call  it  Marrowbone!" 

And  that  was  Bethany's  first  name. 

McCune  died  Aug.  16,  1866  and  was  buried  in  the  Cam- 
field  Cemetery,  east  of  Kirksville. 

When  the  first  settlers  arrived,  there  were  still  Kickapoo 
Indians  around.  They  were  friendly  to  the  whites.  But,  as 
more  settlers  arrived,  the  Kickapoos,  disliking  crowds, 
pushed  farther  west. 

After  Marrowbone  became  the  name  of  the  township,  G. 
W.  and  T.  P.  Logan  got  up  a  petition  to  change  the  village's 
name  to  Bethany,  which  they  had  read  about  in  their  Bible 
and  the  name  was  adopted. 

Wild  sounds  were  heard  by  the  pioneers  in  those  early 
days.  Animals  galloped  over  the  prairie;  the  cry  of  hounds 
and  of  the  wolf  were  heard  as  they  pursued  the  deer;  the 
gobble  of  the  wild  turkey  in  the  spring;  the  crack  of  the  rifle 
bringing  down  a  deer  or  a  turkey  or  killing  rattlesnakes;  the 
crack  of  the  whip  as  two  oxen  hauled  a  big  load  of  hickory 
wood;  the  thud  of  the  flax-brake  and  the  hum  of  the  spin- 
ning wheel. 

Abram  L.  Keller,  arriving  in  1832,  killed  132  rattlesnakes 
in  breaking  10  acres  of  land. 

F.  M.  Perryman's  dogs  chased  a  bear  off  his  holding  in 
1830.  Finally  the  men  chasing  after  the  bear  were  able  to 
shoot  him. 

Andrew  Bone  and  Elias  Kennedy  were  the  first  families 
to  arrive  in  Marrowbone,  driving  their  wagons  in  from 
Tennessee  in  1828.  Kennedy's  daughter,  Elizabeth  W.,  was 
born  in  February,  1829,  the  first  birth  in  the  township. 

William  C.  Ward  and  his  son,  James,  brought  their 
families  to  Marrowbone  in  June  of  1830.  William 
Thomason  and  Allen  Perryman  soon  followed. 

The  fall  of  1830  saw  the  arrival  of  Jesse  A.  Walker  from 
Kentucky,  John  Warren  and  Daniel  Pound,  both  from 

Bone  was  the  first  to  go  seriously  into  farming.  He  also 
constructed  the  first  horse  mill  in  Marrowbone  in  1832. 
Bone  died  in  1835  and  was  the  first  to  be  buried  in  the 
cemetery  east  of  Bethany. 

Before  year's  end,  Thomas  D.  Lansden,  George  Baxter 
and  James  Fruit  and  their  families  arrived  from  Kentucky. 
Fruit  was  a  man  of  culture  and  he  practiced  medicine. 

Robert  Law  built  the  first  house  in  Bethany  in  1834.  In 
1836,  he  also  put  up  a  horse  mill  and  sold  it  immediately  to 
A.  N.  Ashmore. 

Lansden,  who  had  been  with  Andrew  Jackson  at  New 
Orleans  in  1812,  built  the  first  blacksmith  shop  in  the 
township.  Lansden  also  built  a  water  mill  for  William 
Foster  in  1837. 

George  Thomason  opened  the  first  store  in  Marrowbone 
in  1840.  The  first  steam  saw  and  grist  mill  were  built  by 
John  A.  Strain  in  1850,  the  machinery  coming  from  Alton 
by  wagon. 

In  those  days,  there  were  no  bridges  over  streams.  So 
enterprising  young  men  began  operating  ferries. 

In  June,  1850,  Thomas  Young  paid  $2  for  the  rights  to 
operate  a  ferry  on  the  East  Fork  of  the  Okaw  River.  He  was 
allowed  to  charge  5  cents  to  carry  a  single  person,  10  cents 
for  a  horse  and  rider;  25  cents  for  a  wagon  and  a  pair  of 

Near  the  ferries,  taverns  sprang  up,  where  the  weary 
traveler  could  get  refreshments. 

In  1857,  a  group  of  Irish  Catholics  migrated  to  Marrow- 
bone. In  1863,  Father  Vaught  met  with  a  number  of  Celts 
in  the  home  of  Edmund  Brasman,  three  miles  north  of 
Bethany,  and  organized  a  Catholic  congregation.  The  next 
year,  they  built  a  church  near  the  site  of  the  first  meeting. 

Abram  Souther  put  up  a  sawmill  on  the  banks  of  the 
Okaw.  run  by  water  power,  and  he  cut  considerable  lumber 
for  the  community. 

In  those  days,  land  was  cheap.  It  could  be  bought  from 
the  U.S.  at  $1.25  an  acre.  So  farmers  bought  up  all  they 
could  afford.  Few  farms  were  rented.  At  the  death  of  the 
owner,  the  land  was  divided  among  his  sons. 

The  first  supervisors  representing  Marrowbone 
Township  were  John  A.  Freeland,  1867;  William  McGuire, 
1868-1873;  A.  R.  Scott,  1873-1875;  T.  Crowder,  1875-1877, 
and  A.  R.  Scott,  re-elected  in  1877  served  until  1880, 
followed  by  W.  P.  McGuire. 

McGuire  had  two  interesting  meetings  with  Abraham 
Lincoln.  The  first  occurred  when  he  was  only  16,  and  was 
involved  in  helping  slaves  of  a  local  man  run  away. 
Brought  to  trial,  he  was  defended  successfully  by  Lincoln 
in  what  was  the  first  decision  by  an  Illinois  court  on 
slavery.  McGuire  later  was  a  county  delegate  to  the 
Republican  State  Convention  held  at  the  Wigwam  in 
Decatur  when  he  and  others  first  suggested  Lincoln  as  a 
candidate  for  President. 

Many  big  families  had  arrived  in  Bethany.  In  January, 
1838,  at  the  age  of  31,  Robert  Crowder,  a  farmer,  brought 
his  family  from  Missouri,  including  his  wife,  Barbara,  and 
eight  sons  and  two  daughters.  Robert,  Jr.  was  killed  in  the 
battle  of  Chickamanga  in  June,  1863,  and  another  son, 
Andrew,  was  slain  in  the  siege  of  Vicksburg  in  the  same 

David  Strain  and  his  son,  John,  arrived  from  North 
Carolina  in  October,  1831.  David  soon  became  a  justice  of 
the  peace.  In  1832,  came  James  Roney  and  sons,  Joshua 
and  Robert,  from  Kentucky,  as  well  as  George  Mitchell.  U. 
N.  Kutch,  a  legendary  hunter,  killed  18  deer  in  his  first 
three  weeks  in  Bethany.  He  also  had  a  taste  for  honey  and 
often  found  as  many  as  four  bee  trees  a  day. 

In  1855,  John  Bushert,  33,  and  his  wife,  Catherine,  came 
to  Bethany  from  Ohio.  Successful  in  farming  and  stock 
raising,  he  purchased  a  small  farm  in  1887  and  erected  a 
large  home  in  which  he  retired  in  1889.  They  had  seven 

John  J.  Freeland  and  his  wife,  Mary,  arrived  from  North 
Carolina  in  1856.  the  parents  of  five  sons  and  six  daughters. 

In  1882  the  four  sons  of  Jacob  and  Mary  Wilkinson  es- 
tablished the  firm  known  as  Wilkinson  Brothers,  dealers  in 
lumber,  tile  and  coal. 

In  1869,  Joseph  H.  McGuire,  33,  of  Tennessee  and  his 
wife,  Mary,  a  native  of  Germany,  came  to  Bethany  to 
engage  in  the  grocery  business.  He  had  served  in  the  Union 
Army  through  the  entire  Civil  War.  In  Bethany,  he  served 
as  justice  of  peace  for  16  years  and  later  was  in  the  fur- 
niture business  until  he  was  appointed  postmaster. 

Many  families  arrived  between  1880  and  1885,  some  of 
them  with  10  children. 

Dr.  J.  D.  Livesey,  coming  in  1854,  became  Bethany's 
first  physician.  He  built  a  frame  dwelling  and  storehouse, 
and,  in  partnership  with  Tomas  Sowell,  opened  a  general 
stock  of  goods  for  sale.  This  was  the  first  frame  building 
and  it  later  was  used  as  a  wagon  shop  by  Lantz  and 

The  next  frame  house,  put  up  by  William  P.  McGuire,  in 
April,  1857,  was  later  owned  by  H..A.  Smith.  McGuire 
built  another  store  in  1864  of  brick,  two  stories,  and  later 
sold  it  to  Thomas  Noble. 

Business  in  Bethany  began  to  hum  in  1880.  Here  were 
the  stores  at  that  time. 
General  store— A.  R.  Scott,  A.  H.  Antrim. 
Groceries — E.  Hampton. 
Restaurant — R.  Hampton. 
Harness — Edward  Stables  &  Sons. 
Furniture — J.  G.  Smutz. 
Undertaker — C.  C.  Creech. 
Wagon  shop — Lentz  &  Mitchel. 
Lumber  and  coal — G.  W.  Logan. 
Blacksmith— McCord,  Strain  and  Materson. 
Shoe  Shop— R.  B.  Utterback. 
Barber  Shop — E.  Norton. 
Butcher — R.  Hampton. 
Grain  dealer — T.  P.  Logan. 
Physicians— E.  A.  Pyatt,  F.  F.  McMennamy. 
Stock  dealers— Scott  and  Little;  J.  McGuire. 
Livery  stable — Robert  Lanum. 
Carpenter  Shop — Smith  &  Lansden. 
Brick  yard — William  Mitchell. 


Soon  another  busy  business  was  started  in  Bethany  by 
Jacob  Keim,  who  sold  cemetery  monuments  for  some  30 


Bethany  has  always  been  a  most  patriotic  town.  In  the 
Bethany  Cemetery,  there  is  a  monument  that  says:  "This 
township  furnished  more  soldiers  for  the  Union  Army  in 
1861  than  it  had  voters.  Of  the  200  who  enlisted,  58  were 
killed  or  died  of  sickness. 

Soldiers  Monument  in  Bethany  Cemetery 

The  Robert  Crowder  family  was  especially  hard  hit  by 
the  Civil  War,  losing  two  of  their  sons. 

And  brother  fought  against  brother  in  the  Freeland  fami- 
ly. Thomas  J.  and  Capt.  John  Andrew  Freeland's  brother, 
William  J.,  was  a  captain  in  the  confederate  Army  who 
died  in  the  war. 

The  horrible  Anderson ville  Prison  experiences  of  Dr. 
David  L.  Davidson  of  Todd's  Point  may  have  influenced 
him  to  study  medicine. 

At  least,  the  end  of  the  war  brought  two  well-known  doc- 
tors to  Bethany,  Dr.  George  Washington  Hudson  and  Dr. 
Pyatt,  both  from  the  South,  Hudson  from  Tennessee  and 


Pyatt  from  North  Carolina.  However,  Dr.  Hudson  was  a 
Union  doctor,  serving  with  Sherman's  troops  on  their 
march  to  the  sea. 

In  World  War  I,  some  75  joined  the  armed  forces  from 
Bethany  and  five  perished. 

While  in  Bethany  in  the  summer  of  1975,  I  tried  to  get 
the  complete  list  of  those  killed  in  all  wars,  but  none  was 
available.  In  World  War  II,  many  died  in  foreign  lands  or 
on  ships  at  sea  and  no  record  has  been  kept. 

Bethany  was  well-organized  even  in  its  infancy.  In  1877, 
when  there  were  321  living  in  town,  the  village  board  was 
composed  of  J.  F.  Knight,  president;  Andrew  Bankson, 
David  F.  Kennedy,  S.  H.  Sanner  and  B.  F.  McMennamy, 
trustees;  G.  T.  Neill,  clerk. 

By  April  28,  1888,  the  board  was  enlarged.  Joseph  H. 
McGuire  was  president;  H.  A.  Smith,  W.  P.  McGuire, 
Teague  Ray,  R.  B.  Wheeler,  C.  C.  Creech,  G.  W.  Logan 
were  trustees;  George  T.  Hill,  was  treasurer,  and  Bethany 
had  added  John  W.  Fortner,  as  constable,  and  Abner  Ken- 
dall as  street  commissioner. 

A  relaxed  atmosphere  seems  to  grip  Bethany  in  the  hot 
summertime,  especially  was  it  so  in  the  early  days.  Even 
the  engineer  on  the  freight  trains  passing  through  Bethany 
then  would  pull  to  a  stop  after  sighting  wild  berries  along 
the  right-of-way,  and  he  and  his  brakeman  would  get  out 
and  pick  a  sackful. 

Horses  seemed  to  have  more  fear  of  rattlesnakes  than  did 
the  settlers. 

Kutch  was  riding  his  horse  through  the  prairie  one  day 
when  he  came  upon  several  rattlesnakes.  His  horse  rose  on 
his  hind  legs  in  terror,  as  Kutch  shot  the  snakes. 

Next  morning  he  was  taking  his  young  son  on  a  ride  on 
the  same  horse.  While  he  was  adjusting  him  in  a  rear  seat, 
he  let  one  of  his  long  reins  drop  across  the  horses  side.  The 
horse  apparently  mistook  it  for  a  rattlesnake  and  reared 
up,  spilling  both  Kutch  and  his  son. 


Chapter  2 
How  People  Lived  and  Dressed  in  Pioneer  Days 

As  Moultrie  County  became  more  prosperous,  bridges 
gradually  replaced  the  ferries,  as  it  doubled  its  population 
in  the  decade  of  the  railroad  boom,  1850-1860. 

The  majority  of  the  early  Marrowbone  citizens  were  of 
southern  stock,  and  they  brought  with  them  the  habits  of 
hard  work,  rough  play,  simple  living,  easy  hospitality. 
Although  most  of  them  were  poor,  their  poverty  did  not 
carry  the  sense  of  degradation  known  to  the  poor  today.  In 
those  early  days,  it  was  hard  to  tell  the  poor  from  the  rich. 

The  new  settler  brought  with  him  the  sharp  axe  and  the 
rifle,  indispensible  to  life  in  a  new  country,  and,  often,  lit- 
tle else  save  seed  for  the  first  year's  crop  and  a  few 
household  articles.  His  first  labor  was  to  erect  a  cabin, 
crudely  made  of  logs.  It  was  usually  14  by  14  feet  square, 
and  was  often  built  without  glass,  nails,  hinges  or  locks. 
Light  for  the  cabin  would  be  provided  by  leaving  out  a  log 
along  one  side,  and  stretching  over  the  opening  sheets  of 
strong  paper,  well  greased  with  coon  grease  or  bear  oil.  This 
type  of  cabin,  of  course,  prevailed  only  in  earliest  times, 
before  the  saw  mill  came  into  being. 

Horses  were  not  much  used  at  first  except  for  riding.  The 
common  draft  animal  was  the  ox.  In  many  instances,  the 
carts  and  wagons,  as  well  as  the  hoes  and  wooden  plows, 
were  made  by  the  settler,  who  was  his  own  carpenter, 
wheelwright  and  blacksmith. 

The  furniture  was  as  primitive  as  the  house  itself.  The 
tables  and  benches  were  made  from  puncheons  with  stakes 
driven  in  at  the  four  corners  for  legs. 

The  bedsteads  were  made  by  lashing  side  poles  to  forked 
sticks  driven  into  the  earthen  floor  of  the  cabin  and  laying 
cross  poles  over  them,  on  which  were  spread  the  feather 
beds,  the  home-spun  sheets  and  coverlets  and  the  quilts 
pieced  together  from  scraps  of  women's  dresses. 

The  table  utensils  consisted  of  a  pack  knife  or  butcher 
knife  and  some  wooden  spoons  and  vessels.  The  women 
made  nearly  all  the  clothing  worn  by  the  family  from  cloth 
spun  and  woven  from  homegrown  cotton,  flax  and  wool. 


Every  house  had  its  spinning  wheel  and  loom. 

In  those  primitive  days,  the  settlers  came  over  trails  used 
by  the  Indians  in  going  to  and  from  their  hunting  grounds, 
and  they  in  turn  followed  a  path  worn  by  the  hooves  of  buf- 
falo and  deer.  These  trails  followed  the  contours  of  the 
land,  crossing  the  stream  where  the  fording  would  be 

John  Whitley,  who  arrived  in  Moultrie  County  late  in 
1826  with  his  wife  and  six  sons,  three  daughters  and  a  son- 
in-law,  were  all  great  sportsmen  and  kept  a  number  of 
thoroughbred  Kentucky  race  horses.  Gambling  in  general 
seemed  to  be  the  chief  diversion  of  this  period. 

The  Waggoners,  a  family  of  German  origin,  established 
themselves  in  Whitley  Creek.  One  of  the  sons,  John,  taught 
school,  and,  after  moving  to  Sullivan,  took  over  as 
publisher  of  the  county's  first  newspaper. 

Once  several  settlements  were  established,  the  problem 
of  communications  arose.  By  the  time  Moultrie  County 
was  created,  a  rudimentary  road  system  had  already  been 
established  in  Shelby  and  Macon  Counties. 

The  Commissioners'  court  of  Moultrie,  at  its  first 
meeting,  in  April,  1843,  divided  the  county  into  13  road 
districts  and  appointed  a  supervisor  for  each.  At  the  same 
time,  it  was  ordered  that  every  able-bodied  man  would 
have  to  work  on  the  roads  in  his  neighborhood  for  four 

In  the  1830s,  the  settlers  felt  that  the  prairies  were  an  un- 
cultivatable  desert.  The  horrendous  fires  that  swept  over 
them  in  the  fall  when  the  grass  was  tinder-dry  also  was  a 
strong  deterrent.  And  there  also  was  a  lack  of  timber  for 
buildings  and  fences.  But  the  main  problem  was  the  dif- 
ficulty of  breaking  the  tough  prairie  sod  with  the  clumsy 
wooden  plows.  But  this  was  gradually  overcome  as  the 
farmers  became  affluent  enough  to  buy  the  right 

Transportation  received  a  big  help  in  1851  when  the 
Illinois  Central,  chartered  by  the  state's  General 
Assembly,  was  given  2,595,000  acres  of  land.  The  grant  was 
in  the  form  of  six  miles  on  both  sides  of  the  rail  right  of 

The  branch  of  the  Illinois  Central  that  ran  through 


Bethany  was  first  known  as  the  Peoria,  Decatur  and 
Evansville,  a  consolidation  of  earlier  companies,  and  was 
completed  from  Decatur  to  Mattoon  in  1871. 

The  taxes  paid  by  the  railroad  became  an  important  part 
of  the  county's  income.  In  1880,  the  assessed  valuation  of 
the  railroad  property  in  Moultrie  was  $275,600.  The 
railroads  reached  their  peak  in  1930,  and  after  that  they 
declined  in  importance. 

Mothers  and  daughters  of  early  settlers,  after  the  sheep 
were  sheered,  marked,  carded  and  spun  the  wool  into  yarn 
and  then  weaved  it  into  material  for  bedclothes,  dresses 
and  other  garments,  according  to  Mrs.  Raymond  Scheer. 

"Largely,  women  wore  dark  woolen  clothes  in  winter," 
she  said.  "Some  high  school  girls  wore  pastel  colored 
cashmere  blouses,  called  shirt-waists,  for  graduation,  and 
they  shocked  a  lot  of  people.  They  never  had  seen  light 
colored  clothes  before. 

"I  remember  one  year  a  poor  girl  and  a  rich  girl  were  in 
the  same  graduating  class.  The  poor  girl's  mother  could  not 
afford  light-colored  fancy  dresses  that  was  then  in  style.  So 
the  poor  girl  said  she  would  not  graduate. 

"So  the  rich  girl,  feeling  sorry  for  the  poor  girl,  said  she 
wouldn't  graduate,  either,  so  that  year  they  had  no  formal 
graduating  exercises. 

"In  the  early  1900s,  we  had  women  who  worked  for  the 
public  as  dress-makers,  such  as  Mrs.  Mollie  Hudson,  Mrs. 
Mame  Morrison,  who  married  Mr.  Lunsden,  and  Mrs.  Roe 
(Mollie)  Hogg.  And  a  few  continued  with  it  much  later  un- 
til it  became  largely  a  task  of  alteration. 

"We  also  had  weavers  of  rag  carpets,  such  as  Mrs.  Jim 
(Janie)  Butts  and  Mrs.  Mahan.  They  would  tear  up  rags 
and  sew  them  together  then  wind  them  into  balls.  Thus 
they  had  a  reserve  when  someone  wanted  a  carpet. 

"Most  of  the  colors  were  blue  and  white,  but  often  other 
colors  were  added  when  available. 

'The  carpet  was  woven  a  yard  wide  and  to  the  length  of 
the  room.  The  lengths  were  then  sewed  together.  To  wash 
the  carpet,  they  would  rip  the  strips  apart  and  wash  them. 
When  they  were  dry,  they  would  be  sewed  back  together. 
Some  put  straw  under  their  carpets  for  added  warmth. 
Later,  old  newspapers  were  used. 

"They  also  had  a  carpet  strecher.  The  carpets  would  be 


tacked  to  the  floor." 

Mrs.  Scheer  leaned  back  into  her  rocking  chair,  and 
lifted  her  eyes  as  if  the  wondrous  past  was  flashing  before 
her  and  continued: 

"Milliners  later  became  most  popular.  I  remember  Mrs. 
J.  A.  (Anne  Bone)  Walton  was  one  of  the  good  milliners 
before  1890. 

"They  particularly  enjoyed  trimming  hats.  They  would 
go  to  Chicago  to  a  millinery  school  for  two  weeks  in  the 
spring  and  fall  to  learn  what  the  new  styles  were. 

"Logan's  Department  store  had  a  large  millinery  depart- 
ment and  always  had  a  trained  milliner  from  out  of  town  to 
make  or  trim  hats. 

"Every  woman  had  a  summer  and  winter  hat.  A  milliner 
could  make  an  old  hat  look  like  a  new  one  by  adding 
flowers,  ribbons,  (velvet  in  winter)  plumes  and  feathers 
and,  sometimes,  a  buckle. 

"I'm  not  sure  when  the  milliners  went  out  of  business 
but  I  had  a  hat  in  1912  made  of  straw  (blue  and  white)  over 
a  wire  frame." 

Mrs.  Scheer  remembers  many  things  that  shocked  the 
young  town.  For  example,  John  Oliver  Logan,  14,  died  of  a 
heart  attack  after  he  was  thought  to  have  scarlet  fever. 

Babies  started  out  in  long  dresses.  Boys  wore  a  "waist," 
a  coat-style  shirt  but  with  broad  starched  collar.  Near  the 
bottom  of  the  waist  was  a  circle  of  buttons,  to  which  the 
pants  were  attached.  Stockings  were  always  black  and  ex- 
tended above  the  knees,  where  they  were  anchored  by  a 

Children  and  milady  always  wore  high  buttoned  shoes, 
and  a  buttonhook  was  always  kept  handy.  Men  worked  in 
high  leather  boots,  to  protect  themselves  from  snakes  and 
sprained  ankles.  For  work  around  the  barn,  they  wore  high 
rubber  boots.  In  winter,  they  were  felt  lined  for  warmth. 

Men  also  wore  overalls  and  coarse  blue  shirts  for  outdoor 
work.  For  indoor  work,  ties  were  always  ready-tied  four-in- 
hands.  In  winter,  men  and  boys  wore  woolen  caps  with 
flaps  to  pull  down  over  the  ears.  In  summer,  they  favored 
broad  brimmed  straw  hats.  The  well-dressed  man  sported 
Derby  hats  on  Sundays. 

Cellars  of  nearly  every  home  were  always  crammed  full 
of  Mason  jars  of  peaches,  raspberries,  plums,  gooseberries 


and  tomatoes.  In  spring,  housewives  brought  in  lettuce, 
radishes,  onions,  peas,  string  beans,  carrots,  beets,  cab- 
bage, cucumbers,  squash  and  potatoes  from  the  gardens. 

The  farmer  took  his  wheat  to  the  mill  in  Bethany  to  be 
ground  into  flour.  Pancakes  were  a  special  breakfast  treat, 
prepared  three  at  a  time  on  a  big  griddle.  And  there  always 
was  a  nearby  farmer  who  raised  a  little  sorghum  for  syrup. 
Chicken  not  only  provided  eggs  for  breakfast  but  also  a 
delicious  Sunday  noon  meal. 

Hogs  were  often  butchered  by  the  farmers.  A  big  kettle 
full  of  water  was  placed  over  a  fire  outdoors.  When  the 
water  boiled,  the  hog  was  hoisted  by  block  and  tackle,  after 
being  killed,  and  lowered  into  the  kettle  to  be  scalded  so 
that  its  hair  could  be  scraped  off.  Then  the  carcass  was  dis- 
membered. The  hams,  shoulders  and  bacon  went  to  the 
smokehouse  to  be  cured,  spareribs  were  made  ready  for 
dinner.  The  lard  was  rendered  in  the  kitchen  and  the  rest 
of  the  good  meat  made  into  sausage.  This  was  packed  into 
gallon  crocks,  used  for  milk. 

Crowder's  in  Bethany  handled  most  of  the  calves.  The 
butcher  made  the  rounds  of  the  town  with  his  fresh  meat 
twice  a  week. 

Ice  cream  was  always  a  Sunday  treat,  as  well  as  for 
special  parties.  Mother  mixed  the  cream,  sugar  and  eggs 
and  then  father  pushed  the  ice  and  rock  salt  into  the 
freezer  and,  when  it  was  filled,  turned  the  crank  until  the 
ice  cream  was  frozen. 

At  school,  all  students  first  mastered  the  three  Rs — read- 
ing, 'riting  and  'rithmetic.  (Or  else  felt  the  teacher's 
hickory  stick.) 

A  good  mixer  for  the  sexes  was  the  box  lunches,  held  by 
schools  and  churches.  The  young  ladies  prepared  a  box 
lunch  for  two,  and  then  shared  it  with  the  man  who  bought 
it.  But  dancing  was  taboo.  Taffy  pulls  also  mixed  the  sexes 
in  private  homes. 

Lightning  was  always  a  peril,  threatening  both  house 
and  barn  by  fire.  Lightning  rods  were  on  every  farm  for 

After  1880,  when  the  milling  industry  had  been  drawn 
away  from  Illinois  to  Minneapolis,  which  drew  on  the 
northwest  for  its  wheat  supply,  wheat  production  in 
Moultrie  County  took  a  tailspin.  In  1890,  only  66,875 
bushels  were  grown  and  by  1900  only  16,790.  Oats  had 


supplanted  it  as  a  secondary  crop.  But  nothing  has  ever 
threatened  corn,  though  soybeans  has  been  popular  in  re- 
cent years. 

The  crops  of  corn  were  never  husked  on  the  stalk,  but 
rather  were  hauled  home  in  the  husk  and  thrown  in  a  heap, 
generally  by  the  side  of  the  crib,  so  that  the  ears,  when 
husked,  could  be  thrown  directly  into  the  crib.  The  whole 
neighborhood,  male  and  female,  was  invited  to  the  shuck- 
ing. Contests  were  often  held  between  women  and  men  to 
see  who  could  husk  the  faster. 

Barley  and  rye  and  the  various  hay  crops,  such  as 
timothy,  clover  and  alfalfa,  were  grown  as  supplementary 

The  raising  of  livestock  used  to  be  a  more  important 
business.  In  1835,  William  Snyder  imported  a 
thoroughbred  Durham  bull,  and  from  this  beginning, 
many  herds  of  fine,  blooded  cattle  were  developed.  In  1850, 
the  livestock  of  the  county  was  valued  at  $113,153  and  in 
1870,  it  had  increased  to  $1,105,444.  By  1900,  it  climbed  to 
$1,275,824.  Poultry  raising,  too,  was  important  in  the  early 
days,  as  well  as  bee  culture. 

The  heavy  production  of  corn  and  the  increased  demand 
for  meat  animals  made  hog  raising  an  important  industry. 
The  old,  half-wild  variety  of  hog  that  rooted  through  the 
woods  in  search  of  food  soon  became  a  creature  of  the  past; 
in  its  place  were  well  kept  hogs  of  standard  breeds,  fed  so 
as  to  produce  the  finest  meat. 

On  the  early  livestock  farms,  much  attention  was  given 
to  the  breeding  of  fine  horses.  Draft  horses,  as  well  as 
carriage  and  riding  horses,  were  raised  in  large  numbers. 
When  the  use  of  horses  for  hauling  waned  with  the  employ- 
ment of  motor  transportation  on  the  farms,  the  livestock 
industry  also  swooned. 

As  late  as  1924,  Moultrie  farmers  were  using  11,320 
horses  and  mules.  In  1935,  the  number  had  shrunk  to  5,880. 

Moultrie  County  farmers  early  learned  the  efficacy  of 
an  organization  to  promote  their  interests  and  to  exchange 
methods  of  improved  production  and  marketing.  In  1858,  a 
group  of  farmers  formed  an  association  that  sponsored  the 
holding  of  a  county  fair.  The  organization  was  made  per- 
manent under  the  name  of  the  Moutrie  County 
Agricultural  Society,  and  was  the  forerunner  of  the  present 
Farm  Bureau. 


The  National  Grange  was  formed  in  1867,  and  farmers 
saw  in  it  a  cooperative  means  of  fighting  the  high  cost  of 
supplies.  It  was  the  Grange's  membership  of  about  half  a 
million  that  Montgomery  Ward  had  in  mind  when  it  issued 
its  first  catalogue  in  1876.  The  distribution  was  stimulated 
by  the  coming  of  rural  free  delivery  in  1896  and,  in  1913, 
parcel  post  service  was  established. 

At  the  start  of  the  20th  Century,  the  mail-order  business 
had  become  firmly  established  with  Bethany  farmers. 
Called  "The  Wish  Book,"  it  was  kept  handy  in  the  farmers' 
kitchen  and,  when  a  new  edition  arrived,  the  old  one  was 
given  to  the  children  who  cut  it  up  to  make  paper  dolls. 

School  teachers  also  found  the  catalogue  invaluable  in 
teaching  arithmetic  and  spelling. 

When  the  Civil  War  was  over,  the  nation  was  once  more 
united,  and  women  came  on  like  proud  peacocks.  They 
wore  hoop  skirts  and  bustles  and  mitts  that  reached  to 
their  elbows.  And  often  they  wore  high  back  combs  in  their 

Because  of  labor-saving  machinery  in  the  20th  Century, 
the  farmer  was  becoming  more  productive.  The  first  census 
taken  in  the  United  States  in  1790  showed  that  nine  of 
every  10  men  were  farmers.  Since  then  the  figures  have 
changed  drastically. 

Womankind,  too,  was  stepping  up  her  production  with 
Webb's  "Family  Favorite,"  a  sewing  machine  run  by  a  foot 
treadle,  which  could  be  bought  for  $27. 

By  1880,  the  telephone  had  gone  into  use  and  the  light  of 
Thomas  Edison's  incandescent  electric  lamp  had  begun  to 
make  the  gas  and  kerosene  lamps  obsolete. 

The  farm  home  lost  its  quietness  after  1886,  when  the 
first  practical  phonographs  (Edison  and  Victoria) 
appeared.  And  an  electric  flatiron  appeared  in  1882  to  free 
milady  from  the  heating  of  irons  on  the  cook  stove. 

The  1880-90  era  was  known  as  Victorian  America,  when 
woman  began  carrying  Japanese  parasols  and  said  legs  in- 
stead of  limbs.  They  also  were  downing  lots  of  Lydia  E. 
Pinkham's  Vegetable  Compound,  first  marketed  in  1875. 

Children  wore  silk  hats  held  by  a  bow  around  the  neck. 
Mumblety-peg  became  a  popular  game  of  boys,  played 
with  knives. 


Suspenders  bowed  in  the  Gay  Nineties,  and  women  wore 
mutton-leg  sleeves  on  their  upper  arms,  which  gave  them 
the  appearance  of  Popeye.  Men  in  office  wore  sleeve- 

The  typewriter,  invented  in  1870,  came  into  use  then, 
and  women  seemed  to  enjoy  it  more  than  the  bicycle.  But 
tennis  and  golf  had  begun  to  take  her  eye. 

The  Marrowbone  farmers  suffered  severely  before  Cen- 
tury's turn.  Rattlesnakes  were  a  constant  peril. 

The  breaking  plow  was  quite  heavy,  so  that  a  man  could 
hardly  turn  it  over.  It  needed  no  one  to  hold  it  when  plow- 
ing and  was  guided  mostly  by  the  oxen  or  horses.  The  plow 
varied  from  18  inches  to  three  feet  wide  and  needed  three 
to  seven  oxen  to  pull  it.  The  oxen  were  hitched  to  a  long 
chain,  coupled  onto  the  front  of  the  plow-beam.  This  was  of 
wood,  usually  six  inches  thick  and  12  inches  high  and  some 
12  feet  long.  At  the  front  end,  it  was  supported  by  two 
wheels  about  three  feet  in  diameter,  set  four  feet  apart. 
The  plow  shares  became  dull  quickly  and  had  to  be 
sharpened.  This  was  done  by  heating  them  redhot  and 
pounding  them  out  sharp. 

The  log  house  was  hard  to  keep  tight  and  warm,  because 
the  logs  would  swell  and  shrink  alternately.  Many 
collected  newspapers  to  paper  their  cabins  on  the  inside  to 
keep  them  warmer  in  winter. 

When  the  land  was  first  placed  on  sale,  it  was  entirely 
open  prairie,  except  for  hundreds  of  small  ponds.  There 
were  no  roads  until  the  1880s.  So  men  traveled  in  a  straight 
line  to  where  they  wanted  to  go.  The  prairie  mud  was  so 
sticky  it  was  difficult  for  the  Marrowbone  farmers  to  haul 
crops  to  market.  The  physicians  made  their  rounds  on 
horseback.  Rabbits  were  everywhere,  and  they  were  killed 
for  food  with  long  muzzle-loading  muskets. 

The  hundreds  of  ponds  had  to  be  drained  to  make  room 
for  farm  crops.  Every  town  had  a  grain  elevator  or  two,  and 
there  was  a  general  store,  dealing  in  drygoods  and 
groceries.  The  women  bought  gingham  and  calico  for 
dresses,  aprons  and  sunbonnets.  The  grocery  offered  coffee, 
tea,  spices,  sugar,  rice,  vanilla  and  crackers,  but  baker's 
bread  had  to  be  ordered  in  advance.  All  sorts  of  tools  were 
available.  The  blacksmith  shops  were  always  busy.  Each 
town  had  rows  of  hitching  posts,  well-chewed  at  the  top. 


On  the  side  of  the  street  ran  a  board  sidewalk,  interrupted 
bv  occasional  gaps. 

When  train  service  started,  two  trains  went  north 
through  Bethany  each  day  and  two  went  south.  The  engine 
had  a  big  smokestack  and  cowcatcher.  The  passenger  cars 
were  always  dusty,  heated  in  winter  by  potbellied  stoves 
and  lighted  by  coal  oil  lamps. 

The  railroad  through  Bethany  then  was  called  the 
Peoria,  Decatur  and  Evansville,  abbreviated  to  P.D.&E., 
and  called  in  derision  People  Donated  Everything. 

Most  Marrowbone  Townships  farmers  kept  cows,  which 
offered  several  gallons  of  milk,  kept  in  earthenware  crocks 
in  the  darkened  basement.  When  the  cream  rose,  it  was 
skimmed  off  and  churned  while  the  skim  milk  went  to  pigs 
and  cats.  The  pioneers  liked  their  cream  on  pies,  fruit  and 
cereal.  Most  settlers  had  a  vegetable  garden  near  the  house 
and  a  potato  patch. 

Monday  was  wash  day,  and  the  big  washboiler  went  on 
the  stove,  nearly  full  of  cistern  water.  Into  it  was  shaved  a 
whole  cake  of  yellow  laundry  soap  and  much  of  the  laundry 
was  boiled.  Tuesday  was  ironing  day,  and  what  a  hot  job  it 
was!  A  good  fire  had  to  be  kept  on  the  stove  and  two  irons 
were  always  on  to  heat  and  another  in  use. 

Tired  after  a  long  day  of  work,  most  Bethany  settlers 
retired  by  8  o'clock.  Others  might  play  checkers,  using 
white  and  black  buttons,  or  dominos. 

Although  cabins  leaked  cold  air,  still  colds  were  few. 
Often  mother  would  wrap  a  hot  flatiron  in  a  towel  and  let 
kids  take  it  to  bed  with  them.  Baths  were  taken  in  a 
washtub  on  the  kitchen  floor. 

The  first  post  office  was  established  in  1856  with  J.  D. 
Livesay  as  the  postmaster.  William  P.  (Uncle  Billy) 
McGuire  followed  Livesey,  then  came  0.  P.  Walker,  A.  R. 
Scott  and  J.  G.  Smutz.  Before  the  days  of  the  railroad, 
different  men  in  town  took  turns  going  to  Sullivan  on 
horseback  after  the  mail. 

One  of  the  first  administrative  acts  in  Moultrie  County 
was  the  appointment  of  overseers  of  the  poor,  one  in  each 

It  was  the  duty  of  those  appointed  to  "cause  all  poor  per- 
sons who  have  become  a  public  charge  to  be  farmed  out  at 
public  expense  on  the  first  Monday  in  May,  yearly,  to  the 






person  who  is  the  lowest  bidder.  The  "farmers  of  the  poor" 
received  from  the  county  the  cost  of  the  "common 
necessaries  of  life,"  for  their  charges,  who,  in  return,  per- 
formed "moderate  labor."  Children  of  the  poor,  whose 
parents  were  dead,  were  bound  out  as  apprentices,  boys  to 
the  age  of  21,  and  girls  till  they  were  18.  The  sick  and  the 
insane  were  farmed  out  along  with  the  well,  but  the  cost  of 
their  medical  care  was  met  by  the  county. 

The  new  century  brought  many  new  benefits,  such  as 
Blizzard's  Ice  Cream  Freezer,  carpet  sweepers,  feather 
dusters,  a  Ward  Wringer  for  drying  clothes.  And  churn 
handles  had  appeared  on  the  washers. 

Dr.  Vadakin  was  now  showing  traveling  troupes  at  his 
Opera  House.  Later,  first  Aaron  DeBruler,  Charlie  Harned 
and  then  Jim  Bushert,  in  1920-30,  put  on  movies  at  the 
Opera  House. 

Many  early  experiments  in  Bethany,  such  as  oil  explora- 
tion and  sheep  raising,  ended  in  failure. 

The  sheep  raising  undertaking  came  in  1845,  and  was 
begun  in  Marrowbone  and  Todd's  Point  by  a  group  of 
Englishmen,  including  Thomas  and  John  Noble  and 
Robert  Golding,  who  bought  700  acres  for  that  purpose. 

Thomas  Noble  had  settled  in  Stark  County,  Ohio,  in 
1831  and  had  encouraged  other  Englishmen  to  join  him  in 
his  project.  One  was  John  Atkinson. 

After  buying  the  land,  Noble  sent  Atkinson  with  his 
family  and  a  flock  of  900  sheep  out  of  Ohio  bound  for 
Marrowbone  Township.  They  drove  the  herd  all  the  way, 
and  it  took  eight  weeks. 

After  arrival,  wolves  began  to  attack  the  sheep,  even  in 
daytime.  One  night  they  killed  100.  Nevertheless,  the  flock 
grew  to  5,000  head.  Soon  Atkinson  went  into  the  sheep 
business  on  his  own. 

Thomas  Noble  died  in  1848.  When  his  brother,  John, 
died  in  1864,  he  had  accumulated  5,000  acres  in  Moultrie 
and  Shelby  Counties.  His  nephew,  Thomas  Noble,  son  of 
his  brother,  Thomas  Noble,  then  came  to  Moultrie  County 
to  manage  the  estate. 

Other  Englishmen  followed.  One  was  Skelton  Birkett, 
who  arrived  in  1848,  whose  holdings  grew  to  11,000  acres. 

Todd's  Point  in  those  days  had  a  shoemaker,  post- 
master, two  stores,  a  wagonmaker,  two  blacksmiths,  a  doc- 
tor (D.  L.  Davidson),  and  a  lodge  hall. 


The  sheep-raising  experiment  disappeared  after  the 
Civil  War  when  the  Englishmen  realized  that  farming 
would  pay  more  than  sheep-raising.  But  their  large  land 
holdings  at  least  enabled  their  heirs  to  enjoy  a  good  life. 

In  the  early  days,  when  settlers  bunked  around  their 
campfires,  friendly  coyotes  would  come  in  to  warm 
themselves.  And  at  once  the  pioneers  would  shoot  them  for 


Chapter  3 
Bat  Masterson  Aids  Col.  Freeland 

Many  families  moving  to  Bethany  from  the  East  in  the 
early  days  ran  into  horrible  trouble. 

But  Captain  John  A.  Freeland  reversed  the  process  in 
coming  to  Bethany  from  the  West. 

John  was  a  descendant  of  James  Freeland  of  Lon- 
donderry, Ireland.  After  the  Revolutionary  War,  James 
moved  to  North  Carolina. 

Capt.  John  Andrew  Freeland  (1839-1916)  was  a  hero  in 
the  Civil  War  who  later  settled  in  Edwards  County,  Kan. 

His  family  consisted  of  his  wife,  Lyde,  sons,  William, 
John  H.,  Joseph  L.  and  daughters  Belle  (Wiedner)  and 
Maude  (Armstrong),  then  a  babe-in-arms. 

Soon  after  arrival  in  Kansas,  the  Captain,  a  hearty, 
friendly  man,  was  elected  judge  for  Edwards  County. 

While  they  were  living  in  Kinsley,  the  county  seat, 
robbers  held  up  the  Santa  Fe  train  at  night  at  the  town's 

The  Freelands  lived  about  a  block  from  the  station. 
Sounds  of  shots  and  loud  swearing  filled  the  warm  night 
air.  Captain  Freeland  thought  the  town  was  under  attack 
by  Indians. 

Mrs.  Freeland  lit  a  match  but  her  husband  blew  it  out. 

"You  only  make  a  target  for  the  Indians  to  shoot  at,"  he 

In  the  Freeland  home,  as  in  others,  confusion  reigned. 

James  Alcorn,  a  close  friend  of  Freeland,  joined  him  to 
look  into  the  incident.  They  crept  low  and  silently  toward 
the  station.  There  wasn't  a  tree  or  rock  in  town  to  hide 

They  soon  learned  that  it  was  a  train  robbery  and  the 
bandits  had  fled. 

The  railroad  company  at  once  had  law  enforcement  of- 
ficers in  touch  with  Bat  Masterson,  who  was  marshall  at 
Ford  Dodge,  Kan. 

Bat  counted  up  the  bad  boys  at  Fort  Dodge  and  noticed 
several  missing.  Among  them  was  a  fellow  whose  home  was 
not  far  from  Kinsley  but  who  had  been  hanging  out  with  a 
Ford  Dodge  gang. 


Bat  played  a  hunch,  which  proved  correct.  He  went  to 
the  fellow's  home,  arrested  him  and  in  a  short  time  had  the 
whole  gang  rounded  up  and  the  loot  recovered. 

A  few  months  after  the  train  robbery,  the  Cherokee  In- 
dians broke  out  of  their  Oklahoma  territory,  in  which  the 
government  had  recently  confined  them  and  made  a  raid 
on  Kinsley. 

Once  again  Kinsley  was  in  an  uproar.  So  again  Captain 
Freeland  and  Alcorn  went  gumshoeing  in  the  darkness, 
and  a  few  shots  from  their  rifles  dispersed  the  Indians. 

Freeland  did  not  blame  the  Indians  for  breaking  out  of 
their  terrible  confinement.  There  was  a  long  drought,  plus 
a  two-year  scourge  of  grasshoppers.  Streams  ran  dry  and 
food  was  scarce.  All  game  was  gone.  Settlers  were  fleeing 
the  area  in  fear  of  pestilence  and  famine. 

Freeland  had  many  other  adventures,  outside  of  his 
thrilling  experiences  in  war.  Once  he  organized  a  buffalo 
hunting  party  in  Kansas.  An  expert  marksman,  he  killed 
several  buffalos.  After  shooting  a  large  buffalo  bull,  he  rode 
up  to  him  and  dismounted  to  examine  the  wound.  The 
bull,  infuriated,  arose  and  would  have  gored  him  if  he  had 
not  been  young  and  quick  and  able  to  evade  him.  And  his 
fast  horse  was  standing  nearby. 

These  and  other  adventures  had  given  the  Freeland 
family  a  bellyful  of  danger,  so  they  hitched  up  their  horses 
to  a  covered  wagon  and  in  August,  1879,  headed  for  the 
peaceful  town  of  Bethany. 

Along  the  way,  the  Captain  and  his  daughter,  Belle,  had 
to  skirmish  for  camping  places  and  food.  They  usually  got 
eggs  for  nothing.  But  sometimes  they  paid  5  cents  a  dozen 
for  them.  Often  they  were  given  fresh  produce  and  fruit 
right  from  the  field. 

But  the  Freelands  had  money  enough  to  pay  for  toll 
roads  they  encountered  in  five  places. 

They  stayed  with  the  Captain's  sisters,  Mrs.  Albert 
Roney,  in  Dalton  City  for  awhile,  then  moved  to  a  farm 
near  Bethany. 

Not  long  after  their  arrival,  H.  L.  (Earl)  and  Homer 
Freeland  were  born.  Both  are  now  dead. 

But  the  Freeland  dynasty  had  been  established  in  the 
rich  farmlands,  and  many  of  their  descendants  are 
scattered  over  the  Midwest. 


John  Andrew  Freeland,  who  died  June  25,  1916,  at  the 
age  of  76  and  is  buried  in  the  Bethany  cemetery,  belonged 
to  no  church.  But  he  was  a  firm  believer  in  God  and  in  im- 
mortality. He  was  broad  and  tolerant  in  his  religious  views. 
He  also  was  a  scholar  of  the  Bible.  In  short,  he  was  deist. 

Captain  Jack,  as  he  was  familiarly  known,  loved  people 
and  he  also  had  a  heart-felt  emotion  for  the  poor  and  op- 

The  Captain  was  a  grandfather  of  the  remarkable  Allane 
Weidner  Hogan,  a  vivacious  woman  who  lives  in  Pontiac, 
111.  and  who  looks  the  same  as  she  did  40  years  ago. 

The  late  Earl  Freeland  had  a  sword  carried  by  his  father, 
Captain  Jack,  who  was  believed  to  have  been  Col  U.S. 
Grant's  youngest  captain  in  the  Civil  War. 

Captain  Jack  also  was  the  first  supervisor  of  Marrow- 
bone Township. 


Chapter  4 
Lively  Days  in  Early  Bethany 

Bethany  always  has  been  hooked  on  sports,  entertain- 
ment and  hobbies. 

It  probably  started  back  in  1846  when  Abraham  Lincoln 
honored  the  bar  of  Moultrie  County  with  his  fun-loving 

In  those  days,  wrestling  matches  were  popular,  and  Abe 
was  a  good  grappler  himself. 

To  entertain  him,  Dave  Campbell,  Moultrie  County's 
prosecuting  attorney,  who  considered  himself  one  of  the 
strongest  of  men,  engaged  in  a  wrestling  match  with  one  of 
Marrowbone's  bullies. 

In  the  struggle,  the  seat  of  Campbell's  pants  were  torn. 

He  then  was  hardly  presentable  to  appear  in  court.  But, 
a  genial  fellow,  it  didn't  bother  him.  His  fellow  attorneys 
passed  the  hat  to  buy  him  a  new  pair  of  pants.  But  the  at- 
torney refused  the  money  so  it  was  handed  to  Lincoln  to  be 
used  in  his  next  campaign. 

But  then  the  droll  Abe  said,  "I  could  not  conscientiously 
contribute  to  anything  with  the  END  in  view." 

Amusements  of  this  distant  day  centered  on  athletic 
skill,  rather  than  mental. 

Skills  in  woodcraft,  superiority  of  muscular  develop- 
ment, accuracy  in  shooting,  speed  of  foot  would  raise  a 
man  in  the  pecking  order. 

The  men  and  boys  even  entered  contests  with  Indians. 
Every  man  had  a  rifle  that  he  kept  in  good  condition. 

At  every  gathering,  wrestling,  foot  races  and  shooting 
contests  were  held,  and  the  winners  were  regarded  as 
heroes.  As  prizes,  they  received  a  gallon  of  whiskey  or  a 

Raising  of  fancy  chickens  became  popular  in  the  period 
between  1910-1925.  T.  A.  Scott,  who  had  a  mantel  full  of 
trophies  for  his  roosters  and  hens,  W.  E.  Crowder,  C.  W. 
Sanner,  J.  R.  Crowder,  D.  H.  Rieter,  R.  B.  Wheeler  and  J. 
W.  Hale,  all  were  involved  in  exhibitions  at  fairs. 


Many  persons  contributed  to  the  well-being  of  Bethany 
but  the  various  bands  did  it  best.  Logan  Lansden,  the  first 
director,  purchased  the  first  instrument  in  town.  The  first 
band  was  organized  in  1877.  It  included  J.  F.  Knight,  G.  T. 
Sanner,  Andrew  Bankson,  Davis  F.  Kennedv  and  G.  T. 

In  1881,  there  was  a  string  trio,  made  up  of  Jim  Ashmore, 
Troy  Scott  and  Homer  Freeland. 

A  bigger  band  was  organized  in  1899.  It  consisted  of  Ed 
Biely,  T.  L.  Hudson,  Les  Kennedy,  Chink  Lynn,  James 
McGuire,  Roe  Starbuck,  Roe  Hogg,  Jim  Hale,  Russell 
Mead,  Albert  Biely,  Bob  Low,  Reg  Crowder  and  Ed  Ken- 
dall. It  was  sponsored  by  the  Odd  Fellows  lodge. 

1906  Bethany  I.O.O.F.  Band.  Pictured  are:  Sitting,  Earl  Sharp: 
Front  row:  Lowell  Wheeler,  Dick  Kennedy.  Ed  Biely,  Herschel 
Hale,  Reg.  Crowder.  James  Hale.  Back  row:  Fred  Lytle,  Ralph 
Varner,  Raymond  Scheer,  Albert  Biely  -  Director,  Lon  Gross, 
Roe  Hogg,  Barton  Roney,  Clyde  Low,  Dale  McMenemy. 

The  directors  over  the  vears  were  Logan  Landsden, 
Russell  Mead,  E.  E.  (Heck)  Kennedy,  Albert  Biely,  Will 
Huff,  Prof.  Oscar  Schwartze  of  Decatur,  George  Pierson  of 
Mattoon  and  Irving  J.  Freeland. 


In  1900,  Bethany  had  a  two-story  bandstand,  located 
near  the  depot.  The  musicians  played  in  the  open  air  top 
story,  and  the  instruments  were  stored  in  the  closed 
quarters  below.  That  also  was  the  year  the  Illinois  Central 
took  over  the  railroad  running  through  Bethany. 

In  grade  school  in  1905,  a  band  was  formed  composed  of 
Raymond  Scheer,  Herschel  Hale,  Fred  Lytle,  Ancil  Livesey 
and  Walter  Roney. 

Soon  the  lodge  ran  out  of  money,  and  the  Bethany  Band 
was  disbanded. 

Then  Clarence  Tohill  came  to  Bethany  as  the  under- 
taker in  1910.  He  solicited  funds  from  the  merchants  to 
reactivate  the  band.  And  his  wife,  Opal,  enhanced  it  as 

Raymond,  Scheer,  a  musical  genius  and  principal  at 
Sullivan  High,  recalls  that  all  Marrowbone  Township 
rallied  behind  the  new  band,  which  performed  on  Tuesday 

Then  the  band  was  made  up  of  Irving  J.  Freeland,  Carl 
M.  Crowder,  Raymond  Scheer,  Dewey  Low,  Virgil  Hamp- 
ton, and  Mrs.  Tohill.  Freeland  was  the  band's  director. 

1924  Bethany  Concert  Band.  Pictured  are,  left  to  right:  Front 
row  George  Pearson,  Director;  Dr.  George  Weatherby,  flute; 
Anton  Freeland,  clarinet;  Raymond  Scheer,  clarinet;  Merlin 
Freeland,  clarinet;  Irving  Freeland,  clarinet;  Robert  Logan,  alto 
melophone;  Frank  Gibbon,  alto  melophone;  James  Ward,  alto; 
Lloyd  Francisco,  alto;  Sam  Hall,  cornet;  Chas.  Lorsch,  cornet; 
Fwing  Freeland,  cornet. 

Back  row:  Louie  Ludvvig,  clarinet;  Arthur  Wilkinson,  clarinet; 
Re\  Reese,  snare  drum:  Jim  Bushert,  bass;  Dick  Kennedy,  bass; 
Carl  Crowder.  baritone;  Ralph  Nuttall,  bass  drum;  Lubin  Free- 
land,  trombone;  CO.  Tohill,  trombone  and  manager:  Reg. 
Crowder,  trombone:  Dr.  Watters,  cornet;  Opal  Tohill,  vocalist. 


It  was  during  the  1920s,  under  the  leadership  of 
Schwartze,  that  the  band  was  expanded  and  reached  its 
peak  performance.  Schwartze  was  a  graduate  of  Leipsig 

He  also  was  instructor  of  music  for  several  years  at 
Bethany  High  School  and  gave  many  private  lessons,  as  he 
could  play  any  instrument. 

Irving  J.  and  Ewing  Freeland  studied  under  Robert 
Walter  of  the  Chicago  College  of  Music. 

Scheer  studied  music. at  the  Univesity  of  Wisconsin,  also 
at  Lincoln  College  and  directed  many  high  school  bands. 

Mrs.  Tohill,  who  remained  soloist  for  the  band  for  20 
years,  studied  under  Myrna  Sharlow  Hitchcock  of  Millikin 

In  the  1920s,  the  Band  Concerts  originated  in  the  center 
of  the  intersection  of  the  two  downtown  streets. 

The  band  was  so  good  it  played  in  other  towns,  at 
chatauquas  and  other  celebrations. 

But  the  tour  de  force  was  the  Tuesday  night  concerts  in 
Bethany.  So  popular  were  the  concerts,  everyone  wanted  a 
closeup  seat.  Bethany  residents  would  park  their  cars  in 
the  afternoon  close  to  the  bandstand  and  then  walk  down- 
town at  night.  Thus,  the  late  arriving  farmers  had  to  park 
in  the  far  reaches. 

It  really  didn't  matter  for  young  folks,  as  well  as  older 
people,  spent  most  of  the  time  walking  up  and  down  the 
street,  greeting  old  friends,  many  of  whom  had  come  from 
other  towns. 

It  would  be  difficult  to  estimate  the  number  of  romances 
and  marriages  evolving  from  those  hand-holding  strolls  on 
concert  night. 

Perhaps  the  most  popular  pause  was  at  Smith's  Drug 
store,  to  the  west  of  the  bandstand,  in  the  Scott  State  Bank 
Building.  There  friends  and  lovers  would  sit  in  the 
wireback  chairs  by  the  round  tables  where  they  wolfed 
Cokes  or  sodas  or,  if  hungry,  a  milkshake. 

Although  long  wooden  blades  whirled  overhead  to  dispell 
the  heat,  still  middle-aged  women  made  use  of  their  palm 

Youngsters  didn't  care  to  linger  in  the  hot  soda  fountains 
but  rather  ordered  either  an  Eskimo  Pie  or  Polar  Joy  (a 
chocolate  cylinder  filled  with  ice  cream)  and  were  on  their 


way.  Both  sold  for  a  nickel. 

To  the  south  of  the  bandstand,  the  big  attraction  was  Ed 
Mast's  red  popcorn  wagon,  and  through  the  windows 
wafted  the  salty  buttery  aroma  of  the  corn  as  he  heaped  it 
into  large,  white  sacks. 

To  the  east,  the  strollers  looked  in  at  the  pool  room, 
where  fumes  of  beer  and  smoke  were  strong.  They  also 
paused  at  Vadakin's  Drug  store  for  a  Green  River  or 
Orange  Crush  or  a  two-glass  chocolate  shake  for  10  cents. 

Across  the  street,  they  studied  the  fliers  for  the  Saturday 
movie  at  the  Opera  House.  The  serials  were  the  big  draw 
for  you  had  to  find  out  how  Tom  Mix  or  Fred  Thompson  or 
some  other  cowboy  hero  got  out  of  their  desperate  predica- 
ment of  the  preceeding  week. 

At  most  concerts,  some  church  gave  an  ice  cream  and 
cake  social  on  the  lawn  near  the  town.  Freshly  made  ice 
cream,  soft  and  velvety,  was  often  laced  by  fresh 
strawberries,  blackberries  or  peaches. 

It  wasn't  difficult  to  find  boys  willing  to  turn  the 
freezers,  for  that  meant  they  could  lick  the  dasher. 

J.  H.  Crowder,  one  of  Bethany's  26  bandsmen,  in  the 
early  part  of  the  century,  was  grand  commander  of  the 
Grand  Army  of  the  Republic  in  1913,  when  the  band  went 
to  Chattanooga  to  play  at  the  national  encampment. 

At  the  Bethany  concerts,  the  air  was  sweet,  flavored  by 
the  aroma  of  honeysuckle,  and  youngsters  always  hated  to 
hear  the  Star  Spangled  Banner,  which  meant  the  concert 
was  over. 

After  one  concert,  Walt  and  Lois  Davisson  and  their  two 
children.  Mary  and  Donald,  were  returning  home  in  their 
buggy.  Their  horse  Persimor,  became  frightened  by  the 
headlights  of  an  oncoming  car.  He  bolted  and  upset  the 
buggy.  Luckily,  no  one  was  hurt. 

Talking  about  it  in  1975,  Mary,  now  the  wife  of  Ward 
Thomas,  said  after  that  they  drove,  Jim,  a  more  gentle 

Von  McClain  and  Rev.  Raymond  McAllister,  young 
pastor  of  the  Christian  Church,  often  sang  at  the  concerts. 

McAllister,  a  brilliant  speaker,  was  loved  by  all  the 
beauties  in  town,  and  he  dated  most  of  them.  When  he 
sang,  "Let  Me  Call  You  Sweetheart,"  every  lovely  thought 
he  was  singing  to  them. 


Eventually,  he  married  a  natural  beauty,  Pauline 
DeBruler,  also  a  musician,  and  they  have  had  a  happy  life 
in  Webster  Grove,  Mo. 

Probably  no  other  small  town  ever  had  so  many  good- 
looking  girls  as  did  Bethany  as  the  Twenties  turned  into 
the  Thirties. 

Nothing  else  so  mixed  the  community  and  the  sexes  as 
did  concert  night,  and  there  was  a  great  sadness  when  it  all 
ended  in  1935. 

CO.  Tohill,  who  had  made  the  band,  was  in  failing 
health,  and  he  died  in  1937. 

C.  O.  Tohill,  instrumental  in  keeping  concert  nights  in  Bethany 
until  shortly  before  his  death  in  1937. 

However,  the  spectacular  event  may  yet  be  revived. 
Many  young  bandsmen  are  around  today,  and  such  young 
community  leaders  as  Ruth  Suddarth,  Sam  Scott,  Glenn 
Austin  and  Gary  Himstedt  were  endeavoring  in  1975  to  re- 
establish family  nights  such  as  the  Ice  Cream  Social  com- 
plete with  local  musicians  performing. 

So  many  other  special  efforts  enlivened  the  early  days  of 

The  Presbyterian  church  started  its  Harvest  Home  in 
1881,  and  it  ran  on  into  the  1920s. 


The  gastronomic  treat  came  each  autumn  when  huge 
kettles  of  chicken  crackled  over  a  fire  in  a  pit  below,  filling 
the  quiet  night  air  with  its  fragrance.  And,  from  the  church 
windows  in  the  basement,  the  flavor  of  pumpkin  and  berry 
pies  sweetened  the  atmosphere. 

Through  most  of  the  early  part  of  the  century,  there  was 
a  tennis  court  behind  the  Presbyterian  Church. 

At  one  Harvest  Home,  a  stray  ball  landed  in  the  gravy 
bowl,  so  later  some  diner  might  think  he  was  being  served  a 
meat  ball. 

In  1975,  there  were  only  two  tennis  courts  in  town,  both 
at  the  high  school.  In  the  early  days,  there  were  four. 
Besides  the  Presbyterian  court,  there  was  one  back  of  A.  R. 
Scott's  house  and  another  at  Dr.  E.  A.  Grabb's  livery 
stable.  And  a  fourth  back  of  the  present  palatial  home  of 
Lloyd  (Junior)  Younger.  Since  the  ground  is  largely  clay,  it 
was  the  one  of  the  Midwest's  few  clay  courts. 

Still  another  summer  delight  that  ran  from  1920  to  1930 
was  the  Knights  of  Pythias  picnic,  always  held  on  some 
country  field.  It  always  drew  a  huge  crowd  because  a  new 
Ford  was  given  away  in  a  raffle. 

Junior  Younger  recalled  his  father  telling  him  of  a  hired 
hand  at  his  place  who  had  no  money  when  he  was  hired.  He 
bought  one  ticket  at  the  K.  P.  picnic  and  won  the  Ford.  He 
sold  it  for  $600  and  then  felt  quite  affluent. 

The  K.  P.  picnic  offered  something  for  everyone,  and  the 
merriment  never  ended.  Huge  tanks  were  filled  with  ice 
and  soft  drinks.  At  stands,  hamburgers  and  hot  dogs  were 
available.  Contests  of  all  sorts  were  staged,  including  foot 
races,  sack  races,  tug-of-wars. 

One  picnic  featured  a  wrestling  match  between  two 
strong  men  of  Marrowbone,  Fred  (Slicker)  Orris  and  Lafe 
Eskridge.  A  shooting  match,  devoid  of  histronics,  it  was 
won  by  Orris  after  an  hour's  struggle. 

The  picnic  always  was  well  advertised.  Once,  Ed  Geotz 
dressed  up  like  a  gorilla  in  red  underwear  and  paraded 
around  Decatur  in  an  open  car. 

Bethany  youth  also  competed  in  any  sporting  event  that 
presented  itself. 

In  1889,  Bethany  had  a  friendly,  enthusiastic  youth 
named  Billy  McGinnis,  who  was  always  eager  to  help  other 


A  driving  spring  rain  that  year  flooded  Marrowbone 
Creek.  So  many  of  the  youngsters  decided  they  would  have 
a  horse  race  across  the  raging  waters.  The  angry  stream 
frightened  Billy's  horse  and  he  balked.  His  leg  became 
stuck  in  the  stirrup  and  as  horse  and  rider  went  under, 
Billy  was  kicked  in  the  head  by  the  horse  and  killed. 

It  was  a  shock  to  the  Bethany  community,  for  it  never 
had  a  better-liked  kid. 

In  1893,  Bethany  had  its  first  baseball  team,  made  up  of 
George  Goodpasture,  pitcher,  Ed  Conklin,  George  Hall,  W. 
S.  Human,  Jim  Flory,  W.  H.  Logan,  Jim  McGuire  and  U. 
G.  Kennedy.  The  diamond  was  located  where  the 
Presbyterian  Church  now  stands. 

Around  1910,  Bethany  had  a  better  baseball  team,  in- 
cluding Ernest  Roberts,  pitcher;  Amos  Lansden,  Perry 
Goetz,  Homer  Freeland,  Walter  Bankson,  Charles  Foster, 
Oscar  Thompson,  and  Will  Mclntyre.  The  games  were 
played  at  Fortner's  Park. 

Bethany  also  had  a  roaring  Fourth  of  July  celebration  in 
the  early  part  of  the  century.  The  day  started  when  D.  G. 
(Uncle  Dave)  Sanner  fired  his  cannon.  Fireworks  started  at 
6  p.m. 

A  big  tent  was  erected  near  the  bandstand,  where  the 
adults  spent  the  day  listening  to  speeches,  and  the  kids 
took  part  in  races  and  other  contests. 

The  well-heeled  citizens  who  liked  to  travel  rode  the 
Illinois  Central  Clover  Leaf  and  Nickel  Plate  Railroad  from 
Bethany  to  Niagara  Falls.  The  round  trip  cost  only  $8.50. 

Bethany  played  its  first  high  school  football  game  Oct.  9, 
1915  on  Mathias  Field,  losing  to  Moweaqua,  39-0.  But  the 
boys  seemed  to  get  the  hang  of  it  quickly,  for  in  the  next 
game  they  routed  Argenta,  75-0. 

The  first  basketball  game  played  in  Bethany  came  in 
1905.  The  town  team,  whose  members  were  Lute  Hutson, 
Troy  Scott,  Roe  Hogg,  Cy  Young  and  Foxie  Logan, 
challenged  the  high  school  team,  whose  classes  then  were 
in  the  grade  school  building. 

The  school  team  had  Raymond  Scheer,  Herschel  Hale, 
Fred  Lytle,  Ancil  Livesey  and  Walter  Roney.  Playing  on 
the  outdoor  court,  the  school  five  easily  won. 

In  1916,  when  Maureen  (Peachy)  Brock,  Lois  Mathias, 
Gladys  Crowder  and  Allane  Weidner,  were  in  the  sixth 
grade  at  Bethany  Grade  School,  they  formed  the  Starlight 


quartet  that  sang  at  public  gatherings  all  through  high 

In  1969,  they  had  a  reunion  at  the  home  of  Mrs.  George 
(Brock)  Plum's  home  in  Los  Angeles.  There  Mrs.  Everett 
(Weidner)  Hogan,  Mrs.  Gwen  (Crowder)  Coffin  and  Mrs. 
Earl  (Mathias)  Lippold  sang  together  once  more. 

Allane  is  another  Bethany  girl  who  seems  to  have 
cheated  Father  Time.  She  still  has  a  schoolgirl's  figure,  the 
same  dark  hair,  the  same  sparkling  eyes. 

But,  oh  how  she  frightened  us  kids  of  the  neighborhood 
with  her  ghost  stories  in  the  1920s,  told  on  her  front  porch. 

My  sister,  Julia,  and  I  were  about  too  scared  to  walk 
home  for  Allane  said  that  the  hedge  that  we  must  pass  was 
frequented  by  ghosts. 

When  Jim  Ashmore  was  a  youth  in  Bethany,  he  had  an 
ice  house  and  delivered  ice  in  the  summer  to  Bethany 
householders,  according  to  Mrs.  Scheer.  In  the  winter  he 
cut  the  ice  from  a  pond  on  the  Lansden  farm,  a  mile  east  of 


Later,  Ashmore  became  a  famous  coach  who  served  at 
North  Carolina  University  and  several  other  Eastern 
colleges,  and  he  was  the  first  coach  at  Millikin  in  1912. 

While  coaching  in  the  East,  he  would  return  to  Bethany 
in  the  summer  to  play  golf  with  Troy  Scott. 

One  afternoon  Jim  decided  his  golf  shoes  needed  clean- 
ing so  he  washed  them  with  gasoline.  Then  he  went  out  to 
the  Sullivan  Country  Club  to  play.  And,  shortly,  his  feet 
felt  as  if  they  were  on  fire  as  the  sun  hit  the  gasoline. 

Ah,  these  were  elegant  times.  I  remember  how  Ashmore 
would  let  me  drive  his  long,  red  Stutz  around  Sullivan 
while  he  was  golfing  with  my  father. 

All  the  kids  seemed  filled  with  energy  in  those  days  for 
there  was  no  television  to  hold  them  to  their  hearthside. 

And  some  of  the  girls  were  just  as  hopped-up,  especially 
Margaret  Armstrong.  One  Halloween,  Margaret  and  I 
pushed  over  an  outdoor  toilet  —  and  there  was  a  man  in  it. 

Raffles  were  common  in  the  early  days.  Once  Walt 
Stables,  who  for  30  years  operated  a  big  grocery  store,  trad- 
ed his  lottery  ticket  for  one  held  by  Jack  Knight  —  who 
then  won  an  expensive  diamond  ring. 

The  late  J.  W.  (Jack)  Armstrong,  who  with  his  brother, 
Sylvester  and  Alva,  for  40  years  operated  a  hardware  store 
in   Bethany,    probably   met    more   famous   persons   than 


anyone  else  in  town. 

Among  them  was  Annie  Oakley,  acclaimed  as  the 
world's  most  accurate  shot  with  pistol,  rifle  and  shotgun. 

She  came  to  Bethany  by  train  one  morning  in  1902  and 
called  at  the  Armstrong  Hardware  to  solicit  orders  for 
Peter's  cartridges. 

Then  Jack  had  her  put  on  a  demonstration  on  Main 
Street.  Annie  had  Jack  throw  glass  balls,  about  the  size  of 
golf  balls,  into  the  air,  and  she  shot  them  down  with  her 
Winchester  rifle.  A  crowd  soon  gathered  and  the  Bethany 
policeman  arrested  Annie  and  fined  her  $3. 

Armstrong  also  saw  her  performance  at  the  Buffalo  Bill 
Show  in  Decatur.  Jack  further  saw  Carry  Nation,  Sam 
Jones,  William  Jennings  Bryan  and  Billy  Sunday. 

When  there  wasn't  anything  going  on  in  Bethany  in  the 
early  days,  the  boys  created  their  own  amusement. 

One  of  the  stunts  was  putting  a  wagon  on  top  of  the  old 
grade  school  building.  It  had  to  be  taken  up  piece  by  piece, 
to  be  reassembled. 

But  one  unknown  kid  was  even  more  original.  He  at- 
tached a  thin  wire  to  the  school  house  bell  one  summer 
day.  And  he  extended  it  to  his  perch  in  a  tree  across  the 
street  in  the  yard  of  the  Methodist  Church. 

Then  he  began  to  pull  the  wire  and  ring  the  bell.  The 
village  policeman  rushed  up  to  see  what  was  going  on. 
When  the  boy  saw  him  coming,  he  stopped  the  ringing. 
The  officer  found  no  one  in  the  building  and  returned  to 
town . 

Then  the  ringing  started  again.  Back  came  the 
policeman,  thoroughly  mystified.  After  four  fruitless  mis- 
sions he  gave  up,  never  knowing  what  rang  the  bell. 

Bethany's  best  current  celebration  is  the  Fall  Festival, 
started  in  1968.  It  runs  for  two  days,  Friday  and  Saturday. 
On  one  day,  there's  a  fish  fry;  the  next  a  chicken  fry. 


Chapter  5 
The  Movers  and  the  Shakers 

Dr.  James  H.  Vadakin  provided  culture  for  Bethany;  A. 
R.  Scott  offered  finance  and  Will  Bone  did  so  much  for 

In  1975,  Jennie  Collier,  long  a  neighbor  of  the  late  Will 
Bone,  still  had  a  vivid  memory  of  him. 

"He  used  to  pick  up  a  handful  of  soil  and  let  it  fall 
through  his  fingers.  As  he  did  so  he  would  say,  'This  is  pure 
gold  .  .  .  pure  gold.'  " 

Bone  believed  in  lots  of  walking  for  good  health. 

"Often  I  would  see  him  walking  into  town  from  his 
farm,"  recalled  Jennie.  "I  would  offer  him  a  ride  in  my  car. 
But  he  always  refused.  'I'd  rather  walk,'  Will  would  say. 
'It's  the  perfect  exercise.'  " 

Will  Bone  was  the  first  farmer  to  plant  soybeans,  now 
rivaling  corn  as  the  Midwest's  leading  crop.  He  gave  his 
seeds  to  other  farmers,  and  he  added  some  of  his  soil  —  to 
make  the  beans  grow  better. 

Will  Bone  was  a  descendant  of  many  families  of  Bones 
going  back  to  John  Bone,  born  in  Ulster,  Ireland,  in  1649, 
according  to  Jim  Bushert,  a  San  Diego  historian,  who  for 
years  operated  a  garage  in  Bethany. 

Will  was  a  grandson  of  Andrew  M.  Bone,  who  arrived  in 
Marrowbone  township  in  1843. 

Andrew,  as  did  other  pioneers,  built  his  cabin  by  felling 
trees.  Huge  fireplaces  were  constructed  at  one  end  of  a 
cabin,  used  for  cooking  and  heating.  Many  cabins  were 
covered  with  pelts  of  raccoons,  oppossums  and  wolves  to 
hold  in  the  heat  in  winter  months.  And  they  were  lighted 
by  means  of  greased  paper  for  windows. 

The  floors  were  built  on  hard  clay  or  soil.  They  had  no 
fresh  vegetables  for  the  children.  However,  there  was  plen- 
ty of  fresh  meat,  as  squirrel,  rabbit,  quail,  prairie  chicken, 
wild  turkey  and  deer  were  plentiful.  They  could  substitute 
honey  for  sugar.  In  the  summer,  berries  grew  wild,  and  they 
also  had  walnuts  and  hickory  nuts  in  the  fall. 


Isabella  Kennedy  knew  the  uses  of  herbs,  and  she 
gathered  them  in  the  timber  and  prepared  them  for  use  as 
medicine.  She  also  spun  and  wove  fabric  for  their  cloth- 
ing. This  was  done  from  wool  shorn  from  sheep. 

Corn  meal  was  made  from  the  corn  they  raised,  and 
ground  by  using  one  stone  with  a  hollow  place  on  one  side 
for  the  grain,  a  stone  about  four  inches  long  and  two  inches 
in  diameter  with  a  rounded  end  to  crush  and  grind  the 
kernels.  It  was  the  run  over  a  screen  to  take  out  parts  not 
useable  for  food.  This  same  method  was  also  used  to  make 
flour  from  the  wheat  kernels. 

Isabella  also  made  soap  for  the  family  use,  by  using  the 
fat  from  animals  they  killed  for  food  and  wood  ash  from 
their  fireplace. 

From  corn,  they  made  their  hominy  by  using  lye  to 
remove  the  hull,  then  drying  and  cracking  for  use. 

Isabella  made  dye  from  the  liquid  of  walnut  hulls, 
berries  and  other  fruits  to  give  color  to  the  fabric  she  spun. 

Yes,  the  early  settlers  had  to  be  artists  at  improvising  as 
there  were  no  stores  to  buy  their  necessities. 

Among  the  first  weddings  in  Marrowbone  was  that  of 
Thomas  Ashley  Bone  and  Martha  Jane  Mitchell,  per- 
formed in  1832. 

The  first  Sunday  School  was  organized  in  the  home  of 
Lucinda  and  Andrew  McCreary  Bone  in  April,  1832. 

The  hardship  of  homesteading  hardly  compared  to  the 
trip  to  Marrowbone  for  Isabella  and  Elias  Kennedy  and  the 
Andrew  Bones.  They  had  loaded  their  meager  possessions 
in  a  wagon  for  the  1,000  mile  trip  from  Tennessee  to 

It  was  slow  traveling,  requiring  50  days,  and  food  was 
often  scarce. 

When  the  two  families  arrived,  they  found  many 
Kickapoo  Indians,  who  were  very  friendly,  and  who  even 
invited  them  to  set  by  their  campfires. 

A.  R.  Scott  will  be  examined  in  another  chapter  on  the 
Scott  State  Bank. 

Dr.  Vadakin  always  plumped  for  Bethany,  and  nothing 
ever  daunted  him. 

A  businessman,  as  well  as  a  doctor,  he  invested  in  a 
number  of  stores  in  Bethany. 

Then,  on  Feb.  15,  1901,  a  fire  demolished  the  entire 


Vadakin  block,  destroying  seven  buildings,  six  of  which 
were  owned  by  Dr.  Vadakin. 

Resourceful,  Doc  announced  the  next  week  he  would 
build  a  fireproof,  two-story  brick  building,  featuring 
Vadakin's  Opera  House. 

Dr.  James  H.  Vadakin 

It  was  completed  in  November,  1901,  and  the  first  event 
to  be  held  in  the  structure  was  a  Thanksgiving  dinner 
served  by  the  women  of  the  Methodist  Church. 


The  Vadakin  Opera  House  soon  became  the  entertain- 
ment center  for  Central  Illinois. 
It  had  two  shows  a  week,  offering  music,  operetta,  stage 

plays  and  even  magic. 

Dr.  Vadakin  was  able  to  book  traveling  shows  using  the 
Illinois  Central  Railroad  between  Decatur  and  In- 

Often  they  would  have  a  spare  day  for  the  Opera  House. 

Virgil  Hampton,  better  known  as  V-Roy,  the  Magician, 
claims  that  Francis  X.  Bushman,  Lillian  Russell,  Maude 
Adams  and  Sarah  Barnhart  performed  in  the  Vadakin 
Opera  House. 

V-Roy  said  that  Vadakin  showed  him  his  book  that  con- 
tained all  the  entertainers  who  had  appeared  there.  He  told 
Virgil  that,  after  he  died,  he  could  have  the  book. 

But,  though  Mrs.  Vadakin  and  Virgil  searched  his  desk 
and  other  belongings  after  his  death  at  the  age  of  64  on 
April  27,  1925,  they  could  never  find  it. 

At  least  one  show  was  too  big  for  the  Opera  House.  It  was 
"Uncle  Tom's  Cabin,"  which  arrived  in  two  trains,  replete 
with  blood  hounds  and  many  props.  So  a  tent  was  put  up 
that  seated  3,000. 

Still,  the  Opera  House  was  used  for  many  events.  It  was 
verified  that  Eddie  Foy  and  the  Seven  Foy  boys  did  appear 
at  the  Opera  House.  In  1906,  the  Cumberland  Church  used 
it  for  services  while  the  congregation's  new  church  was  be- 
ing built. 

After  vaudeville  faded,  the  Opera  House  was  used  for 
movies  through  the  1920s. 

Serials  were  the  rage  in  those  days,  involving  such  cow- 
boy stars  as  Buck  Jones,  William  Desmond,  and  Fred 
Thompson,  et  al.  The  hero  was  always  left  in  a  perilous 
position  at  the  end  of  each  two-reeler  so  the  kids  would 
return  the  next  week  to  see  how  he  extricated  himself.  The 
serials  usually  ran  from  15  to  20  weeks. 

Virgil  Ward,  Bethany's  park  commissioner  in  1975, 
reported  that  he  and  Hyllis  Kennedy  Watkins  provided 
music  for  the  Opera  House  in  that  period. 

Jennie  Collier,  who  reached  the  age  of  84  in  1975,  has 
complete  recall.  She  remembered  seeing  a  movie  at  the 
Opera  House  in  1900  when  a  reader  by  the  screen  told  what 
the  stars  were  saying. 


"What  was  the  movie?"  I  asked. 

"Hiawatha,"  she  replied. 

Born  in  Sullivan,  March  30,  1861,  Dr.  Vadakin  was  the 
son  of  Henry  F.  and  Asinth  Vadakin,  his  family  hailing 
from  Vermont. 

Philip  Vadakin,  grandfather  of  Dr.  Vadakin,  was  among 
the  first  settlers  in  Moutrie  County.  He  laid  out  a  town  in 
East  Nelson  Township,  originally  planned  as  the  county 
seat.  Henry  died  in  1888. 

His  wife  was  a  second  cousin  of  Samuel  Clemens,  better 
known  as  Mark  Twain. 

Dr.  Vadakin  took  his  early  education  in  Sullivan  schools, 
then  he  headed  for  Rockford,  where  he  attended  high 
school  and  Becker's  Business  College.  He  next  entered  the 
School  of  Pharmacy  in  Carbondale  in  1882. 

He  clerked  in  a  drug  store  in  Sullivan  for  a  while,  then 
established  a  drug  business  in  Bethany,  where  he  remained 
the  rest  of  his  life.  Shortly  after,  he  added  more  merchan- 
dise and  had  a  general  store,  as  well. 

Dr.  Vadakin  invented  such  things  as  "Casterole"  and 
"Vadakin's  Instant  Relief."  He  also  created  such  com- 
modities as  "Sticking  Fly  Paper."  His  medicines  soon 
became  known  all  over  the  Midwest  for  he  advertised  them 

Throughout  his  business  career,  he  constantly  read  the 
latest  books  on  medicine.  In  1890,  he  entered  the  Kentucky 
School  of  Medicine  and  was  graduated  in  microscopy,  sur- 
gery and  chemistry.  In  1891,  he  completed  his  full  medical 
course,  receiving  his  M.D.  degree  with  highest  honors.  He 
also  won  a  degree  in  bacteriology.  And  he  demonstrated  his 
skill  in  surgery  and  pathology. 

In  January,  1882,  Dr.  Vadakin  was  married  to  Nora  May 
Meacham  of  Weaverly.  To  them,  three  girls  were  born. 
Ruby  and  Pearl  died  in  childhood,  but  Diamond  became 
an  outstanding  musician.  The  marriage  ended  in  divorce. 

Dr.  Vadakin  was  married  to  Maud  Howell  of  Lovington 
in  April,  1915.  She  died  in  1962. 

In  1894,  Dr.  Vadakin  built  a  home  in  Bethany,  and  in 
1898  and  1899  he  operated  his  drug  and  store  and  ice  cream 
parlor  in  the  building  next  to  his  home.  (This  house  was 
still  used  in  1975  by  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Raymond  Scheer,  who, 
though  in  their  80s,  remained  among  the  best  historians  of 
Bethany's  early  days.) 


After  the  fire,  Dr.  Vadakin  put  up  a  brick  building  to 
house  his  drug  store. 

When  Dr.  Vadakin  moved  his  drug  store,  he  also 
transferred  the  back  bar  from  his  old  store.  The  same  bar 
brightened  the  Bethany  Pharmacy  until  1975. 

The  antique  back  bar  that  accompanied  the  soda  fountain  which  was 
purchased  by  Dr.  Vadikin  before  the  turn  of  the  century. 


Charles  Harned,  a  longtime  Vadakin  employee,  joined 
Doc  in  the  new  building. 

In  later  years,  Dr.  Vadakin  became  a  pudgy  man  who 
liked  to  relax  over  a  drink  at  the  end  of  a  busy  day. 

Meantime,  Diamond  Vadakin  was  gaining  fame  as  a 
music  teacher,  and  in  1905  she  presented  her  students  in  a 
recital  at  the  Opera  House. 

The  building  featured  a  Fourth  of  July  celebration  in 
1902,  and  Dr.  Vadakin  played  his  large,  disc  Graphophone 
in  the  parade.  Vadakin  also  provided  free  concerts  for  the 

He  purchased  Bethany's  third  auto  in  1902,  a  Buick. 
Mrs.  Raymond  Scheer  remembers  how  the  children  would 
gather  when  they  heard  his  car  coming  so  they  could  push 
him  up  the  hill. 

Apparently,  there  was  nothing  Dr.  Vadakin  couldn't  do. 

At  Bethany  High  School's  first  graduation  class  in  1890, 
he  sang  a  solo,  "I  Am  King  Over  Land  and  Sea." 

The  class  numbered  five  graduates,  Nellie  Jones,  Rachel 
McGuire,  J.  H.  Molholland,  Hugh  Scott  and  Lee  Tittle. 
Mulholland  gave  the  valedictory  address,  and  all  of  the 
graduates  had  a  role  in  the  program. 

In  May,  1910,  Dr.  Vadakin  traded  his  drug  store  for  an 
11 -room  house  and  10  lots,  following  25  years  in  the  drug 
business.  Shortly  after,  he  repurchased  the  drug  store. 

After  Dr.  Vadakin's  death,  Charles  Harned  continued  to 
operate  the  drug  store  until  1930,  when  it  was  sold  to  C.  B. 
Smith,  who  had  been  operating  a  drug  store  in  the  Scott 
State  Bank  building. 

Both  the  drug  stores  had  large.wall  fans,  which  revolved 
like  a  windmill  in  summer. 

Each  fountain  had  a  large  green  ball  on  the  counter, 
filled  with  Green  River  and  another  orange  ball  filled  with 
Orange  Crush. 

Coca  Cola  was  coming  in  strong  then  and  would  soon 
become  America's  most  popular  drink. 

Ice  cream  sodas  were  made  in  a  paper  cup  inserted  in  a 
metal  holder  with  a  handle  on  it.  Straws  were  popular,  too. 

Youngsters  coming  into  the  two  soda  fountains  in  those 
days  often  asked  for  "A  chocolate  soda  you  can  suck 
through  a  straw." 

Between  1910  and  1920,  medicine  shows  appeared  oc- 
casionally  in   Bethany.    The   spieler   usually   had   some 


medicine  that  would  cure  all  your  ailments.  Then  he  would 
say,  "I'll  tell  you  what  I'm  going  to  do.  I'm  going  to  put  a 
real  bargain  before  you  Bethany  folks."  This  meant  he 
would  give  you  two  bottles  for  the  price  of  one  and  throw  in 
a  kewpie  doll. 

But  Bethany  citizens  were  well  read,  and  the  medicine 
man  did  very  little  business  in  the  town. 

Vernon  Craig  worked  for  several  years  for  C.  B.  Smith  in 
the  Vadakin  building,  and,  if  you  complimented  him  on  his 
basketball  ability,  he  would  fill  your  milkshake  to  the  top 
of  the  shaker.  The  cost:  10  cents. 

Dr.  Vadakin  left  several  buildings,  including  the  drug 
store,  to  his  wife  and,  on  her  death,  his  holdings  were  to  go 
to  the  Decatur  and  Macon  County  Hospital. 

Mr.  and  Mrs.  Art  Rawlings  purchased  the  drug  store 
from  Smith  and  later  sold  it  to  Willard  Brown.  When  pay- 
ment was  not  received,  they  took  it  over  again.  Mr.  and 
Mrs.  Leo  Poole  were  the  next  owners,  and  they  sold  it  in 
1959  to  Hulbert  Mitchell,  who  took  his  given  name  from 
Dr.  Vadakin's  middle  name.  Hulbert  considerably  en- 
larged the  drug  store. 

Mitchell  purchased  the  building  from  the  hospital  in 
1964,  and,  after  his  death,  the  drug  store  was  sold  to  Bill 
Lancaster  of  Sullivan. 

In  June,  1969,  a  group  of  Bethany  businessmen  pur- 
chased the  Vadakin  Opera  House  building  and,  since  it 
had  been  condemned  as  a  fire  trap,  it  was  demolished  in 
August,  1969. 

It  was  replaced  by  Scott  State  Bank's  motor  building, 
where  deposits  can  be  left  at  off-hours  and  it  also  has  an 
underground  parking  lot. 

Music  became  the  complete  life  of  Diamond  Vadakin 

Diamond,  who  was  well  into  her  80s  in  1975,  has  been  on 
the  faculty  of  the  Springfield  College  of  Music  since  1920. 
While  still  on  the  college  staff,  she  has  not  taught  music  at 
the  school  since  1969. 

But  she  still  was  teaching  several  pupils  at  her  home  at 
539*2  South  Grande  Avenue,  West. 

Diamond  was  destined  to  be  a  musician.  Her  mother 
sang,  and  Dr.  Vadakin  played  the  piano. 

Diamond  started  piano  lessons  when  she  was  only  5,  and 
she  always  liked  to  sing.  While  still  a  girl,  she  played  the 


piano  and  organ  for  movies  at  the  Opera  House  in  Bethany, 
as  well  as  for  productions  in  other  towns. 

After  graduation  from  high  school,  Diamond  received 
training  in  piano,  voice  and  other  subjects  at  Illinois 
Woman's  College  (now  MacMurray)  in  Jacksonville. 

Her  coming  to  Springfield  was  prompted  by  the  fact  that 
Genevieve  Clark  Wilson,  a  famed  voice  teacher,  was  on  the 
staff  at  Springfield  College  of  Music. 

After  only  a  year  as  a  student,  Diamond  proved  so 
skilled,  she  was  asked  to  join  the  faculty  as  an  assistant  to 
Mrs.  Wilson. 

Diamond  also  studied  with  Oscar  Saenger  of  New  York 
while  he  was  at  the  American  Conservatory  of  Music  in 
Chicago  for  summer  sessions,  and  she  later  worked  under 
Frantz  Proschowski  at  the  Chicago  Musical  College. 

Diamond  had  many  opportunities  to  perform  in  opera  in 
the  East,  but,  as  an  only  child,  she  wanted  to  remain  close 
to  Bethany. 

Diamond  did  participate  in  "Elijah,"  staged  in  the  State 
Armory  in  Springfield.  She  also  sang  "The  Messiah."  Her 
performance  as  the  widow  of  Zerepath  in  Elijah  elicited 
fine  reviews. 

Mrs.  Brand  also  sang  the  lead  soprano  role  in  "Madam 
Butterfly"  and  such  other  productions  as  "Faust." 

Looking  back  over  more  than  a  half-century,  Mrs.  Brand 
remembers  best  the  magificent  voice  of  Ernestine 
Schumann-Heink,  as  well  as  her  "funny  shoes;"  and  she 
cannot  forget  the  time  Lawrence  Tibbet  forgot  the  words  of 
"On  the  Road  to  Mandalay,"  though  he  had  sung  the  song 
for  more  than  10  years. 

Although  Bethany  was  more  populous  in  1975  (1,200) 
than  it  was  in  the  early  century,  it  has  fewer  business 

In  1975,  for  the  first  time  in  nearly  80  years,  Bethany  was 
without  a  soda  fountain. 

For  years,  dating  back  to  1898,  citizens  could  enjoy  a 
Coke,  an  ice  cream  soda  or  a  milkshake  while  waiting  for  a 
prescription  or  while  on  a  coffee  break. 

All  that  remains  of  the  fountain  era  is  the  help-yourself 
coffee  motif  at  the  old  Smith  Drug  store. 

Bill  Lancaster,  the  new  owner,  dispensed  with  the  food 
bar  and  soda  fountain. 


Gary  Himstedt,  the  handsome,  young  pharmacist  and 
operator  of  the  Bethany  store,  said  in  1975  he  plans  to  con- 
tinue the  gift  and  sundry  lines  and  may  expand  the  stock  of 
colognes  and  Hallmark  items. 

Sadly,  the  beautiful  old  bar,  first  used  by  Dr.  Vadakin  in 
1899,  has  disappeared. 

It  was  owned  in  1975  by  Mrs.  Maurine  Mitchell,  widow 
of  Hulbert  Mitchell. 

Yes,  the  Bethany  business  district  has  really  shrunk. 
Why,  at  one  time,  there  were  five  barber  shops  operating  in 
Bethany  for  the  big  need  then  was  for  shaves.  And  only  the 
barber  had  a  straight-edge  blade. 

In  1915,  Bethany  could  count  up  five  barber  shops,  viz: 
Marshall  Ray,  Charles  Younger,  Bob  Watson,  Jess  Boyer 
and  George  Spenser. 

For  shaving,  each  customer  had  his  mug  on  the  rack  on 
the  wall  with  his  name  on  it.  The  shops  also  included 
baths,  where  the  weary  salesman  could  refresh  himself 
after  driving  a  buggy  all  day  over  the  hot  countryside. 

At  the  time,  there  also  were  two  movie  houses  and  six 
grocery  stores,  operated  by  A.  L.  Redman,  Hal  Logan,  J. 
K.  Starr,  John  Robert  Crowder,  Walter  Stables  and  Gurly 

In  1975,  Bethany  had  no  grocery  store  on  Main  Street,  no 
movie  theater  and  only  one  barber  shop. 

Mrs.  Scheer  recalled  that  the  first  movies  in  Bethany 
were  shown  in  the  Vadakin  Opera  House.  Aaron  DeBruler, 
Charlie  Harned  and  Jim  Bushert  operated  the  movie  house 
from  1920  into  the  1930s. 

Most  of  the  movies  were  shown  in  the  summer.  In  the 
winter,  the  Opera  House  offered  such  plays  as  "Ten  Nights 
in  a  Bar  Room,"  "The  Face  on  the  Bar  Room  Floor," 
"Rebecca  of  SunnyBrook  Farm,"  and,  certainly,  "East 

Charlie  and  Edith  Harned  operated  the  Cozy  Theater  on 
a  first-floor  in  a  downtown  building. 


Chapter  6 
Bethany  —  In  Its  Growing  Years 

Bethany  was  shocked  May  5,  1902  by  the  death  of  its 
cherished  doctor,  Eleazar  A.  Pyatt,  who  died  of  dysentery. 

Pyatt  had  served  as  assistant  surgeon-general  of  the 
Confederate  Army  during  the  Civil  War. 

Dr.  E.  A.  Pyatt 

After  marriage  in  1865  to  Anne  E.  Mahaffrey  in 
Tennessee  and  their  move  to  Mt.  Zion  in  1867,  they  came 
to  Bethany  six  months  later.  They  had  six  children.  Mary 
Grace  was  the  first  wife  of  Warren  Wilkinson. 

When  Dr.  Pyatt  arrived  in  Bethany,  he  had  to  borrow 
money  to  pay  for  the  medicine.  By  practicing  economy,  he 
later  owned  900  acres  near  Bethany  and  he  left  a  $100,000 
estate.  His  residence,  later  to  become  the  home  of  Paul  and 
June  Ekiss,  was  considered  the  finest  in  Moultrie  County 
at  the  time. 


Josie  Norton,  pictured  in  upper  right  hand  corner,  was  a  mem- 
ber of  Bethany's  most  prominent  black  family. 

One  of  Bethany's  most  respected  citizens  was  one  of  the 
village's  two  black  families.  Ely  Norton,  born  in  1833,  a 
Civil  War  veteran,  was  the  first  barber  in  town.  He  also 
served  on  the  village  board. 

Ely  loved  fishing  and  he  did  so  nearly  every  day  after 
work.  He  enjoyed  giving  neighbors  some  of  his  catches. 

Ely  and  his  wife,  Fannie,  had  two  daughters,  Fannie  and 
Josie.  Ely  died  in  1911. 

David  Mitchell  owned  land  on  the  east  side  of  town,  a 
part  of  which  he  donated  to  the  Marrowbone  Cemetery. 
The  first  person  buried  there  was  Mrs.  T.  H.  (Mary 
McCord)  Crowder,  as  well  as  Mr.  Crowder  and  his  second 
wife.  So  were  the  Nortons  and  their  daughter,  Josie  Norton 

Bethany's  other  black  family  was  the  Mose  Watkins. 

North  of  the  depot  was  a  park,  where  the  Bethany  band 
played  weekly.  East  of  the  park  was  the  Park  Hotel,  which 
later  became  the  Logan  Hotel.  South  of  the  station  was  the 
three-story  Kendall  Hotel. 

The  coming  of  the  auto  knocked  out  the  Kendall  Hotel  in 
two  ways.  The  auto  lessened  the  need  for  small  town 


Operated  by  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Abner  Kendall  since  the  turn 
of  the  century,  it  was  demolished  in  1928  to  make  way  for  a 
gasoline  station. 

For  three  decades,  traveling  salesmen  received  room  and 
board  there  for  $3.50  a  week.  And  they  could  hire  a  horse 
and  buggy  from  the  livery  stable  for  trips  around  Marrow- 
bone township  for  $1.50  a  week. 

The  meals  served  there  were  a  gastronomy  delight. 
Many  elder  citizens  told  me  of  enjoying  a  bountiful  meal 
there  for  25  cents. 

Kendall  also  operated  a  shop  at  the  west  side  of  the 
hotel,  where  he  repaired  wagons,  made  wooden  chain- 
operated  pumps  and  even  turned  out  coffins. 

Something  exciting  seemed  always  to  be  happening  at 
the  Kendall.  Once  a  despondent  painter,  unable  to  find 
work,  shot  himself  in  his  hotel  room,  the  bullet  narrowly 
missing  a  lodger  in  the  adjoining  room. 

Lake  Fifteen,  a  popular  place  for  Bethanities  before  the 
Shelbyville  dam  and  lake  went  in,  is  a  natural  spring  east 
of  Bethany.  Near  it  is  the  Bone-Vaughan-Mitchell 
cemetery.  The  Mitchell  Bridge,  near  the  cemetery,  was 
taken  out  in  1935  after  Highway  121  was  built. 

Todd's  Point  was  located  in  both  Shelby  and  Moultrie 
Counties.  It  became  a  ghost  town  when  the  railroad  passed 
it  by.  One  marker  at  the  cemetery  in  Moultrie  County  has 
an  inscription  in  German. 

Bethany,  at  the  century's  turn,  had  four  doctors,  and  all 
were  kept  busy.  Besides  Dr.  Pyatt,  there  were  Dr.  Davis,  J. 
H.  Vadakin  and  Dr.  Miller  Hamilton. 

Dr.  C.  R.  Lawrence  was  the  first  dentist  to  open  office  in 
Bethany  shortly  after  the  century  dawned.  Then  came  Dr. 
H.  W.  Waters  in  the  1920s,  who  practiced  for  more  than  20 
years,  and  he  also  played  in  the  band. 
Today  Bethany  has  no  dentist. 

When  Alexander  Graham  Bell's  telephone  patents  ex- 
pired in  1894,  new  telephone  companies  sprang  up  all  over 
the  nation,  making  long-distance  calls  a  farcical  operation. 
Bethany  had  "centrals"  before  the  20th  Century  was  far 
along,  and  they  doubtless  knew  more  gossip  than  anyone 
else  in  town. 

But  the  first  telephone  in  Bethany  was  a  homemade  one 
—  installed  in  1897. 


Early  switchboard  in  Bethany.  Bill  Reining  is  the  repairman. 

W.  H.  Logan,  who  owned  a  general  store,  was  an  inven- 
tive genius. 

His  mother-in-law,  Mrs.  Thomas  H.  Crowder,  who  lived 
a  mile  north  of  town,  along  the  railroad  tracks,  was  serious- 
ly ill.  To  keep  in  touch  with  her,  Logan  used  the  barbed 
wire  fence  along  the  way  and  had  a  phone  at  both  his  store 
and  Mrs.  Crowder's  home,  according  to  Mrs.  Raymond 

Although  expected  to  die  shortly,  Mrs.  Crowder  was 
seen  washing  out  her  bed  sheets  and  nightgown  in  the  front 
yard  so  as  to  look  presentable  when  she  passed  on. 

Shortly  after,  telephone  poles  began  to  rise  in  Bethany 
connected  by  wires.  And  it  was  a  bell-ringing  system. 

Thomas  H.  Crowder,  Mrs.  Scheer  points  out,  was  the 
great  grandfather  of  Mrs.  Ward  (Mary  Davisson)  Thomas, 
who  was  the  Bethany  telephone  operator  when  it  went  out 
of  business  in  1965,  for  the  town  was  then  on  the  dial 
system  and  needed  no  local  operator. 

So  Mary  was  transferred  to  Sullivan's  office,  where  she 
worked  for  a  few  years. 

In  the  early  days, the  operator  was  Goldie  Thomas,  who 
operated  on  a  high-back,  swivel  chair,  and  for  years,  Bill 
Reining,  clad  in  overalls,  served  as  the  repair  man.  He  was 
always  on  call  in  case  one  phone  was  out  of  order. 


Edith  Cordray  started  her  career  as  central  in  1917, 
when  she  was  paid  17  cents  an  hour. 

"Telephone  batteries  were  then  only  $18  a  barrel  and 
they  came  in  by  freight,"  said  Mrs.  Cordray. 

Mrs.  Raymond  Scheer's  grandmother  was  known  as 
Aunt  Camilla  to  everyone  in  Bethany,  and  it  took  no 
telephone  call  to  get  her  out  of  her  house.  She  made  a 
career  of  visiting  all  the  sick  people  in  Bethany  to  cheer 

them  up. 

The  Wilkinson  Bros.,  dealers  in  lumber,  tile  and  coal,  es- 
tablished their  business  in  Bethany  in  1882.  Members  of 
the  firm  were  four  brothers,  Jasper,  John  J.,  Warren  A.  and 
William,  all  natives  of  Vinter  County,  Ohio.  They  were 
sons  of  Jacob  and  May  Wilkinson.  Later,  Porter  Wilkinson 
took  the  business  over  and  it  endured  until  1971. 

Horses  were  the  only  means  of  transportation  between 
1880  and  1900.  There  was  even  a  stagecoach  line  running 
from  Paris-to-Springfield. 

J.  P.  McCord  was  a  most  busy  blacksmith  for  50  years, 
and  youngsters  enjoyed  watching  him  work  with  anvil  and 
forge.  Hitching  posts  arose  at  every  store  in  town. 

W.  P.  McGuire 

The  first  big  store  building  in  Bethany  was  put  up  by  W. 
P.  (Uncle  Billy)  McGuire.  It  was  a  general  store,  which  also 
served  as  a  postoffice.  The  first  drug  store  was  built  by 
James  W.  Bone  and  Dr.  George  W.  Hudson. 


The  cost  of  living  was  much  lower  shortly  after  the  turn 
of  the  century.  But  so  was  a  man's  pay.  One  dollar  a  day 
was  considered  high  pay.  The  section  men  on  the  railroad 
were  paid  90  cents  a  day,  and  they  often  worked  10  hours  or 
longer.  P.  Jack  Bushert,  father  of  Jim  Bushert,  carried 
water  to  the  men  working  on  the  railroad  near  Bethany. 

Coal  cost  only  $1.90  a  ton,  including  delivery.  Country 
butter  was  considered  high  at  15  cents  a  pound.  A  50- 
pound  sack  of  flour  cost  98  cents.  It  wasn't  unusual  for  a 
grocer,  or  doctor  or  barber  to  receive  his  pay  in  farm 

J.  W.  (Mac)  Mahan,  Bethany's  depot  agent  from  1901 
until  his  death  May  25,  1925,  was  the  first  person  to  own  a 
car  in  Bethany.  His  wife  had  to  get  out  and  help  hold 
horses  when  they  met  on  a  road. 

Dr.  Vadakin  bought  a  Buick  in  1902,  from  John 
Weidner,  who  had  just  taken  over  as  Buick's  dealer  in 
Bethany.  Shortly  after,  A.  R.  Scott  bought  a  Stanley 

Jack  Sample  secured  a  Jackson  the  same  year,  but  he 
had  to  call  Alva  Armstrong  to  jack  up  one  wheel  to  get  it 

By  1910,  autos  were  common  in  Bethany.  Troy  Scott  in 
1909  had  the  dealership  for  the  Moline  auto,  and  soon  after 
added  the  Overland  to  his  line.  Later,  he  drove  nothing  but 
a  Haynes. 

Kent  Williamson  had  a  Lexington  agency  in  Bethany  in 
1913-14-15.  He  had  two  fine  sons,  Kent  and  Joel,  now  liv- 
ing in  Sun  City,  Phoenix,  Ariz.,  and  a  daughter,  Betty, 
married  and  living  in  Decatur. 

In  1912,  Bethany  became  known  as  the  state  egg  basket, 
when   stores  handled   15,000   dozen   of  eggs   in   a   short 


The  Vadakin  Opera  House  had  a  barber  shop  and 
bathroom  in  the  basement.  J.  L.  Riggin  was  the  owner, 
assisted  by  Jack  Adam. 

West  of  the  Marrowbone  County  Bridge  is  the  location  of 
the  Norris-Pesch  Devils'  Lane.  In  the  early  days,  the  two 
land  owners  disagreed  on  the  boundary  line  and  each  built 
a  fence.  The  space  between  the  two  fences  was  known  as 
Devil's  Lane. 

Freeland's  Point  had  a  store  and  a  shop.  The  "Buffalo 
Wallow,"  was  a  part  of  the  Warren  Ferguson  farm,  which 


later  became  the  Joe  Roney  farm. 

Even  on  Jan.  1,  1900,  Bethany  had  a  population  of  800. 
Business  houses  then  included  the  Echo  office,  located  over 
the  Hudson  Bros.  Clothing  Store;  Hogg  Bakery,  Scott 
State  Bank,  post  office,  a  millinery  store,  a  restaurant  and 
the  Wilkinson  Lumber  yard. 

Ed  and  Albert  Biely  had  a  photographic  studio,  and 
Charles  Roney  and  Dave  Lindsey  an  implement  business. 
The  two  livery  stables  were  the  busiest  places  in  town. 
They  rented  out  riding  horses  and  horse-drawn  vehicles,  as 
well  as  caring  for  horses  that  farmers  drove  into  town.  The 
streets  were  always  alive  with  buggies,  surreys  and  wagons. 

Shortly  after,  L.  0.  St.  John  opened  a  jewelry  store, 
which  he  operated  more  than  three  decades.  And  Kivet 
Starr  had  a  small  lunch  counter.  From  1900  to  1935, 
Charles  and  Joe  Dedman  ran  a  meat  market,  which 
became  Cordt's  Meat  Market  in  1935. 

I  remember  Dedman's  well.  Every  morning  before  school 
I  was  sent  to  the  meat  market  and  to  Will  Bone's  to  pick  up 
a  bucket  of  milk. 

Since  the  meat  orders  varied  little  from  day-to-day,  I 
often  bought  meat  for  two  days  in  two  packages,  hiding  one 
behind  the  hedge  near  Bone's  house,  to  be  picked  up  the 
next  day,  thus  to  save  a  trip. 

It  was  winter  so  the  meat  wouldn't  spoil.  However,  the 
practice  ended  after  some  animal  discovered  and  devoured 
my  hidden  package. 

On  Nov.  21,  1908,  a  large,  new  grocery  store  was  opened 
by  W.  R.  Stables  and  Claude  Harris.  Stables  later  bought 
out  his  partner.  He  was  assisted  in  the  operation  of  the 
store  by  his  son,  Dutch,  a  fine  high  school  athlete  in  the 
1920s.  Although  engaged  in  farming,  Dutch  has  never  lost 
his  interest  in  sports,  and  is  one  of  the  University  of 
Illinois'  most  frenetic  fans. 

Stables  operated  the  grocery  until  1944,  when  he  sold  out 
to  Mike  Wimmer.  When  Stables  had  the  market,  the 
farmers  all  came  to  town  on  Saturday  night.  So  sometimes 
he  would  stay  open  until  12:30  a.m.  Sunday  to  accom- 
modate them. 

And  C.  B.  Smith  operated  his  drug  store  for  more  than 
30  years,  first  in  the  bank  building  and  then  in  the  Vadakin 
building  on  the  southeast  corner  of  the  intersection  of  the 
downtown  streets. 


Even  more  enduring  was  the  Bethany  Grain  Co.,  which 
has  been  in  business  since  early  in  the  century.  Stockyards 
stood  near  the  railroad  tracks  until  they  were  torn  down  in 


Walter  and  Lute  Hudson  opened  a  large  men's  clothing 
store  in  1917.  Then  it  was  known  as  Hudsons'  Bros.  It 
became  just  Hudson's  after  Walter  left  for  a  YMCA  job  at 
Nelsonville.  Ohio. 

T.  L.  (Lute)  Hudson,  tall  and  lanky,  was  both  a  good 
golfer  and  tennis  player.  He  was  a  member  of  Bethany 
High  School's  board  from  1918  to  1931  and  he  also  put  in  25 
years  on  the  board  of  the  Presbyterian  Church.  For  many 
years,  he  and  T.  A.  Scott,  president  of  the  Scott  State 
Bank,  played  golf  several  times  a  week  at  the  Sullivan 
Country  Club.  T.  L.  also  served  as  scoutmaster. 

After  T.  L.  Hudson  died  July  6,  1936,  his  son,  Marvin, 
operated  the  store  with  the  help  of  his  brother,  Tom,  who 
died  shortly  after,  until  it  was  sold  in  1951  to  Herman 
Garrett.  He  closed  it  in  1965. 

Bethany  in  those  days  had  two  jolly  women  in  Fannie 
Younger  and  Delia  Hull.  With  the  first  bow  to  Women's 
Lib,  Fannie  became  the  first  woman  named  to  the  Marrow- 
bone Grand  Jury  in  1941. 

Delia  was  prominent  in  Republican  politics,  entertain- 
ment, and  you  never  caught  her  without  a  smile  on  her 
chubby  face.  But  no  one  could  push  her  around. 

In  the  early  1930s,  Delia  opened  a  restaurant  in  down- 
town Bethany,  and  I  recall  winning  a  prize  for  naming  it. 

But  the  big  news  came  later.  In  those  days,  outdoor 
toilets  were  behind  each  store  building.  They  were  unsight- 
ly, and  businessmen  in  1931  decided  to  tear  them  down.  All 
agreed,  except  Delia.  All  others  were  demolished,  but  Delia 
held  firm  and  won  her  court  fight. 

In  May,  1917,  Bethany  was  hit  by  a  tornado  and  hail 
storm.  Not  a  house  or  building  in  the  town  escaped  without 
some  damage. 

Prior  to  1920  the  only  fire  protection  was  the  old  bucket 
brigade.  That  year  Bethany  bought  its  first  fire  truck. 

The  first  bus  line  was  started  through  Bethany  in  1932. 
Today  the  bus  stops  only  at  the  highway  running  through 
the  north  end  of  town. 

Another  great  step  forward  for  Bethany  came  in  1935 
when  the  water  tank  was  filled  and  ready.  And  in  1940,  a 


water  softener  was  put  into  use. 

The  passenger  train  on  the  Illinois  Central  Railroad 
made  its  last  regular  run  through  Bethany  in  March,  1939, 
a  victim  of  the  motor  car.  For  years,  the  train  had  brought 
mail  into  Bethany.  But  from  then  on,  it  has  come  by  truck 
or  car  on  the  Star  Mail  Route. 

Dr.  Hamilton  came  to  Bethany  in  1901,  and  in  1914  he 
sold  his  practice  to  Dr.  R.  C.  Coffey,  who  retired  early  in 
the  1950s,  after  serving  Bethany  so  well  as  its  only  physi- 

During  the  flu  epidemic  of  1918,  he  worked  day  and 
night,  caring  for  the  ill.  Some  weeks,  he  only  got  a  few 
hours  of  sleep. 

In  1911,  sewer  tiles  were  put  down  under  Main  Street  to 
a  depth  of  12  feet.  This  ended  the  puddles  that  often 
formed  in  the  street,  as  well  as  the  mud  holes. 

In  1915,  the  Bethany  Town  Board  decided  it  needed 
better  streets.  So  all  the  roads  were  oiled. 

P.  J.  Bushert,  Marrowbone  road  commissioner,  also  kept 
the  township  roads  well  oiled,  and  visitors  said  they  were 
the  best  dirt  highways  they  had  ever  traveled. 

Around  the  1910  era,  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Jackson  Brown  ran  a 
shoe  repair  shop  on  Main  Street.  He  was  deaf  and  blind. 
Mrs.  Brown  could  see  but  could  not  hear.  But  they  certain- 
ly were  skillful  when  it  came  to  repairing  shoes. 

Bethany  has  never  had  a  Good  Humor  Ice  Cream  Man, 
such  as  operated  on  city  streets.  But,  before  the  days  of  the 
refrigerator,  many  icemen  made  calls  at  Bethany's  homes, 
first  by  horse-drawn  wagons,  later  in  trucks.  The  housewife 
was  provided  with  cards,  the  corners  of  which  were  labeled 
25,  50,  75  or  100.  Whichever  weight  the  lady  wanted  was 
hung  on  the  topside  of  the  door. 

Kids  on  bicycles  or  foot  would  follow  the  iceman  around 
to  eat  the  shavings  when  he  chipped  the  ice  to  the  desired 

In  1900,  there  was  a  large  hardware  store,  owned  by 
Sylvester  Armstrong,  father  of  Alma  Armstrong,  who  later 
had  his  own  hardware  business. 

In  those  early  days,  most  households  had  fireplaces, 
which  helped  heat  the  house.  Wood  or  coal  stoves  were  also 

Candles  still  were  used  to  light  some  homes  in  1900.  But 
they  were  soon  replaced  by  kerosene  lamps.  The  only  street 


Interior  of  Armstrong  Brothers  Hardware.  Ma  and  Pa  Armstrong  at 
front  table  with  Alvah  and  Maude  Armstrong  at  back  table. 

lights  were  located  on  posts  and  were  coal  oil  lamps.  The 
village  policeman  carried  a  ladder  around  to  climb  up  to 
light  them  at  night. 

Destructive  fire  of  1915. 


One  of  the  most  destructive  fires  in  Bethany  came  in 
1915,  when  eight  buildings  were  leveled.  They  were  the 
McKinney  Blacksmith  Shop,  where  the  fire  started,  the 
monument  shop,  Armstrong  &  Sons  Implement  Store,  the 
poultry  house,  Wilkinson's  planning  mill,  a  buggy  and 
paint  shop.  All  were  located  in  the  block  west  of  Punch 
Brown's  Garage. 

Many  businessmen  have  done  interesting  things  for 

For  years,  each  December,  Lew  Davis  would  place  a 
barrel  of  peanuts  in  his  garage  office.  They  were  free  to  all 
customers  to  eat,  as  long  as  they  left  the  shells  on  the  floor. 

Punch  Brown,  who  has  been  in  the  garage  business  for 
more  than  40  years,  and  who  bought  out  Davis,  has  con- 
tinued the  practice. 

And,  when  Joe  Garrett  was  the  depot  agent  before  it  was 
closed,  he  always  played  Santa  Claus  for  anyone  who 
wanted  his  service. 

When  Snap  Blanchard  operated  a  restaurant  in  the 
Depression  Years  of  the  1930s,  he  would  let  the  high  school 
teachers  use  his  car. 

Ken  Blackenship,  who  bought  out  Blanchard,  had  a 
parrot  who  kept  yelling  for  Nelly,  Ken's  wife. 

Gurly  Graham  had  the  best  restaurant  ever  in  Bethany, 
offering  only  quality  dishes,  but  it  didn't  last  very  long. 

Bethany  had  an  active  Boy  Scout  Troop  when  the  Rev. 
Howard  Osborn,  the  Methodist  minister,  presided  over  it 
in  the  1920-30  era,  when  the  Scouts  camped  each  summer 
at  Robert  Faries,  near  Lake  Decatur. 

In  1975,  there  was  no  longer  Boy  Scouts  in  Bethany,  but 
there  were  active  Girl  Scout  and  Cub  Scout  groups. 

The  most  active  youth  group  in  Bethany  in  1975  was  the 
Marrowbone  Merrymakers,  a  collection  of  30  girls,  who  are 
the  counterpart  of  the  boys'  4-H  Club. 

Competing  in  sewing,  home  economics,  etc.,  they  are  the 
best  in  the  county  each  year.  But,  since  winners  can't 
repeat,  the  Marrowbone  Merrymakers  have  won  on  alter- 
nate years  for  the  past  two  decades.  Glenn  Austin,  the 
pepperpod  of  the  Scott  State  Bank,  has  two  daughters  who 
spark  the  organization. 

Bethany  has  had  few  farout  characters,  but  one  was  Wes 
Love,  a  bearded  fiddler,  who  lived  in  the  country. 


Town  character  -  Wes  Love  -  forerunner  to  Wayne  Lowe. 

In  the  1925-1940  period,  he  would  come  into  town  to 
fiddle  and,  outspoken,  he  often  was  beaten  up  by  the  young 
men  loafing  downtown. 

During  the  1920-1940  period,  Hunter  Moody  maintained 
the  Moody  Airport  at  his  family  farm  in  Marrowbone 
Township.  Many  Bethany  residents  took  their  first  flight 
in  Moody's  plane*.  He  also  served  businessmen  who  wanted 
a  fast  trip  to  Chicago  or  some  other  city. 

Snow  has  been  little  trouble  to  Bethany  in  the  20th  Cen- 

But  it  was  engulfed  by  a  snowstorm  in  February,  1914.  It 
started  snowing  early  one  morning,  and  the  flakes  con- 


tinued  to  bombard  the  town  for  three  days.  Huge  drifts  six 
feet  deep  blanketed  the  community. 

Nobody  could  budge  from  his  home,  and  stores  and 
schools  were  closed,  nor  could  rural  mail  carriers  make 
their  appointed  rounds.  A  freight  train  was  stalled  for  two 
days  south  of  Bethany,  and  the  village  was  without  train 
service  for  three  days. 

Snow  removal  equipment  was  not  available  but,  luckily, 
the  thaw  came  fast. 

Many  Bethany  men  wanted  to  be  their  own  boss  and  to 
work  outdoors.  For  example,  Lyman  Manship  was  a  house 
painter,  who  worked  from  1920  into  the  1950s. 

There  were  so  many  good-hearted  women  in  Bethany, 
who,  though  perhaps  short  of  funds,  filled  their  houses  with 

Of  course,  the  one  I  remember  best  was  my  late  Aunt 
Emma  Hill,  with  whom  I  often  stayed  as  a  boy.  While  of 
little  means,  her  heart  was  brimming  with  love,  and  there 
was  nothing  she  wouldn't  do  for  me. 

She  was  visited  at  times  by  her  sister,  Cord  Bankson, 
who  spun  tales  of  the  beauty  of  the  city  Berkeley,  in 

I  never  dreamed  at  the  time  I  would  be  spending  most  of 
my  life  in  Berkeley,  thanks  to  the  late  George  Dunscomb, 
the  former  owner  of  the  Berkeley  Gazette,  whose  brother, 
Jobev  Dunscomb,  was  a  longtime  coach  at  Windsor,  111. 


Chapter  7 
Hidden  Success  Stories 

Although  Bethany's  population  has  increased,  the 
business  district  has  diminished. 

However,  there  are  a  few  big  businesses  in  Bethany  that 
a  visitor  would  scarely  be  aware  of,  including  Hollis  Dick's, 
a  huge  transportation  service,  hidden  away  in  a  big  lot  in 
the  southeast  part  of  town,  and  the  John  Deere  plant  on 
the  highway  northwest  of  town. 

Hollis  A.  Dick,  a  husky  blond,  operates  31  huge  trailers, 
including  tank  carriers  for  hauling  oil,  with  the  aid  of  12 

In  1974,  Dick's  rigs  traveled  677,000  miles.  Most  of  the 
hauling  is  in  Illinois,  although  he  does  hit  16  Midwestern 
and  Eastern  states  with  such  loads  as  fertilizer  and  auto 

The  business  acutally  started  in  1925  when  Homer 
Keown  began  hauling  cattle.  In  1941,  he  was  hired  by  the 
Shipping  Association  of  Bethany,  operated  by  Charley 

Keown  quit  in  1937  to  drive  a  school  bus.  A  stickler  for 
keeping  his  bus  clean,  he  would  put  in  26  years  at  this  job 
and  his  wife,  Vera,  31  years. 

In  1937,  Hollis  O.  Dick,  a  Bethany  High  athlete,  borrow- 
ed $700  from  the  Scott  State  Bank  with  which  to  buy  a 
truck.  Gradually  he  expanded  his  business. 

Following  his  death  in  March,  1955,  he  was  succeeded  by 
his  son,  Hollis  A.  Dick,  who  also  is  known  as  Steve,  who 
had  cut  his  teeth  on  the  steering  wheel. 

As  the  cattle  business  faded,  Steve  went  heavily  into  edi- 
ble oil,  which  he  carried  in  tank  cars,  and  other  com- 

Dick  is  helped  in  his  bookkeeping  by  his  wife,  Barbara, 
whom  he  married  June  27,  1962.  They  have  a  daughter, 
Marcia.  Dick  prepared  himself  for  the  job  in  a  business 
course  at  the  University  of  Tennessee. 


The  John  Deere  plant  is  operated  by  F.  H.  Bland  &  Sons. 

F.  H.  Bland  came  to  Bethany  in  October,  1940  from 
Marshall  County,  to  open  the  Deere  sales  agency  with 
Clyde  Brown,  after  they  had  bought  out  B.  A.  Reynolds. 

It  was  Bland  &  Brown  until  September,  1942,  when 
Brown  quit  to  go  into  farming. 

F.  H.  Bland  has  now  retired  but  his  wife,  Erma,  who  has 
a  brilliant  mind,  remains  the  bookkeeper. 

The  business  in  1975  was  operated  by  C.  L.  Bland  and 
Dale  Bland,  sons  of  F.  H.  Bland,  and  Charles  Alan  Bland, 
C.  L.'s  son. 

An  extremely  busy  place,  the  Blands  do  a  million  dollar 
business  a  year.  They  have  a  big  parts  department,  and  all 
employees  are  skilled  merchanics  who  have  studied  at  the 
factory  at  Moline,  111. 

They  also  operate  a  Cessna  185  Skylane.  If  a  farmer 
needs  a  part  for  his  equipment  right  away,  the  Blands  will 
fly  to  Moline  and  get  it  for  him  in  a  few  hours. 

Big  farmers  also  are  flown  over  their  vast  acreage  by  the 
Blands  so  they  can  inspect  their  crops. 

The  Blands  have  eight  employees,  and  they  have  a  large 
trade  area  that  includes  such  towns  as  Arthur,  Mattoon, 
Shelbyville,  Assumption  and  Monticello. 

The  Blands  also  own  the  Goodyear  building  in  down- 
town Bethany,  which  they  lease  out. 

All  are  outdoorsmen  who  like  to  camp  in  the  wilderness 
to  fish  and  enjoy  nature. 

Bethany  also  has  many  fine  builders. 

Hubert  Flannell,  who  works  for  the  Pittsburg  Plate  Glass 
Co.  in  Mt.  Zion,  is  putting  in  the  Redbird  Hill  develop- 
ment, east  of  Bethany,  which  will  have  60  homes.  He  has 
been  a  stone  mason  for  15  years. 

Hubert's  wife,  Norma,  works  for  the  Scott  State  Bank, 
and  they  have  a  son,  Dan,  a  law  student  at  the  University 
of  Illinois. 

Dick  Brown  is  another  young  builder  who  built  such 
mansions  as  the  Junior  Younger  home,  as  well  as  several 
elegant  houses  in  Sullivan. 

Mark  Wheeler  is  Bethany's  biggest  builder.  He  has  put 


up  50  homes  in  Bethany,  as  well  as  the  new  high  school 

A  longtime  mayor  of  Bethany,  he  led  the  city  into 
ownership  of  its  own  gas,  electricity  and  water  supply. 

An  astute  contractor  and  builder,  Mark  is  in  demand  all 
over  the  state.  In  the  summer  of  1975,  he  was  putting  in  a 
big  Boy  Scout  building  in  Pana,  111. 

One  of  Mark's  sons,  Tom,  is  public  defender  for  Moultrie 
County.  He  has  two  other  sons,  Jackson  and  Randy,  and 
two  daughters,  Patricia  and  Shirley. 

Another  prominent  establishment  is  the  L.  W. 
McMullan  Funeral  home  in  downtown  Bethany. 
McMullan  purchased  the  business  from  Bob  and  Dorothy 
Tohill  in  1968.  McMullan  long  has  operated  in  Sullivan. 

Carl  Crowder  for  three  decades  had  been  the  wheel  that 
made  Bethany  go.  He  was  the  most  active  in  the  county  in 
Republican  politics.  He  served  as  postmaster  under  four 
presidents:  Warren  Harding,  Calvin  Coolidge,  Herbert 
Hoover  and  Dwight  Eisenhower.  He  also  operated  a 
successful  insurance  business.  But  Carl  was  suffering 
emphysema  in  the  summer  of  1975  and  had  to  be 

Many  of  my  questions  of  early  Bethany  elicited  this 
response:  "Better  see  Carl  Crowder."  But  Carl  couldn't 
talk.  He  died  a  few  months  after  I  left  Bethany,  Sept,  16, 

Carl  was  lucky  to  have  peppery  Mrs.  Mike  Wimmer 
carrying  on  his  insurance  business  for  him. 

The  late  George  Fulk  of  Bethany  rates  as  an  authority  on 
international  affairs. 

A  highly  educated  man,  he  attended  all  the  world  peace 
conferences  and  wrote  several  books  on  world  politics. 

His  mind  was  always  on  world  problems  and  their  solu- 
tion. Though  he  owned  a  large  farm,  he  knew  nothing  of 

One  warm  August  day  in  the  early  1930s,  his  wife,  Cora, 
who  now  lives  in  Decatur,  had  been  ill  and  unable  to 
prepare  lunch  for  five  threshers.  So  she  asked  him  to  drive 
them  into  Bethanv  for  lunch. 


Fulk  knew  nothing  of  cars,  either.  His  old  car  then  had 
both  an  accelerator  on  the  floor,  as  well  as  one  on  the  steer- 
ing wheel.  George  adjusted  the  speed  for  25  m.p.h.  and 
started  driving  the  laborers  into  town. 

George  Bone,  sitting  next  to  Fulk,  began  to  put  his  foot 
down  on  the  floor  accelerator.  The  car  started  going  faster 
and  faster. 

Panic  gripped  Fulk.  He  broke  out  in  a  sweat  as  he  tried 
to  control  his  auto.  Finally  he  yelled  out:  "Bail  out,  boys! 
I've  lost  control  of  the  car!" 


Chapter  8 
The  Sparkle  of  Senior  Citizens 

Bethany  has  many  senior  citizens  who  are  as  bright  and 
as  articulate  and  who  remember  clearly  how  Bethany  was 
in  the  early  days.  Although  they  are  in  their  80s  and  90s, 
they  remain  quite  active. 

Author    Jim   Scott,  left,  chats  with   Raymond   Scheer  about 
early  Bethany  history. 

Raymond  and  Millie  Scheer,  both  in  their  mid-80s,  con- 
tinue as  sharp  and  as  interesting  as  they  were  40  years  ago, 
when  Raymond  was  a  high  school  principal  and  top  musi- 
cian. Their  memories  are  so  keen,  they  provided  me  with 
much  of  the  early-day  Bethany  in  this  book. 

0.  E.  Wheeler  is  a  ring-tailed  marvel,  still  a  carpenter 
and  craftsman  at  the  age  of  93,  in  1975. 

Since  I  didn't  know  where  he  lived,  Mary  Scott  drove  me 
to  his  workshop. 


O.E.  Wheeler 

As  we  approached,  0.  E.  remarked  to  Mary:  "I  thought 
you  were  dead!" 

"Why?"  replied  Mary. 

"Because  I  haven't  seen  you  in  a  long  time." 

Then  Mary  introduced  me. 

"Say,  you  were  supposed  to  be  skinny,"  remarked  O.E. 

O.E.  still  works  daily  in  his  shop,  repairing  the  furniture 
and  building  chests  of  drawers,  desks  and  other  household 
needs  of  the  housewives  of  Bethany. 

He  also  turns  out  beautiful  works  of  art,  using  different 
colored  woods. 

Wheeler  did  a  facsimile  of  Dwight  Eisenhower's  barn, 
which  he  sent  to  him  before  he  died.  And  he  received  a  con- 
gratulatory letter  from  Ike. 

0.  E.  also  did  a  likeness  of  the  Last  Supper.  He  used 
wood  from  all  over  the  world  to  create  a  picture  depicting 
the  realistic  characteristics  of  the  age-old  story.  He  bought 
various  woods  from  such  nations  as  Burma  and  Australia, 
as  well  as  several  countries  in  Africa. 


And  he  did  a  portrait  of  Christ  in  the  Garden  for  the  Free 
Methodist  Church  in  Bethany. 

Mrs.  Scott  left  after  the  introduction  and  soon  0.  E.'s 
friend,  Diamond  Tipsword,  entered.  She  asked  "0.  E.  did 
you  find  the  file  you  lost?" 

"No,"  he  replied.  "But  I  made  me  another  one.  Here  it 


In  the  1920s,  Wheeler  purchased  a  suit  of  clothes  from 
the  Hudson  Bros.,  a  long-closed  men's  shop  in  Bethany. 

He  was  soon  too  big  for  it  so  he  kept  it  in  his  closet. 

"I  shrank  in  recent  years,"  he  related.  "So  I  put  it  on  and 
wore  it  to  church  last  Sunday." 

He  chuckled. 

"Several  people  congratulated  me  on  my  new  suit." 

O.  E.  taught  carpentry  to  his  son,  Mark,  and  several  of 
his  grandsons. 

When  Wheeler  was  younger,  he  built  52  homes  in 
Oklahoma  City,  16  in  Bethany  and  12  in  Decatur,  111. 

Wheeler  never  misses  a  church  service  on  Sunday,  but  he 
was  not  enthusiastic  over  religion  as  a  youngster. 

One  Sunday,  when  he  was  10,  he  asked  his  mother  if  he 
could  get  his  friend,  Earl  Smith,  to  go  to  church  with  him. 

"All  right,"  replied  his  mother,  "but  hurry  back." 

While  at  the  Smith  home,  Earl  took  0.  E.  down  the  road 
to  enjoy  a  new  plant  called  garlic. 

When  they  returned  home,  his  mother  was  overcome  by 
the  smell. 

Thinking  it  was  a  trick  to  escape  going  to  church,  she 
made  0.  E.  stay  home  all  day. 

Wheeler  has  worked  with  wood  most  of  his  life,  begin- 
ning at  the  age  of  13,  when  he  helped  his  father  build  a 
house  in  Greenville,  111. 

After  working  many  years  as  a  contractor,  he  later  took 
up  cabinet  making  and  then  turned  to  artistic  work. 

In  the  Bethany  area,  his  wooden  compote  type  bowls  are 
familiar  to  everyone,  and  he  is  kept  busy  with  orders, 
although  he  finds  it  impossible  to  keep  up  with  all  the 
demands  on  his  time.  Someimes,  sadly,  he  must  say  "No." 

He  recently  did  a  blind  man's  checkerboard.  In  it,  half  of 
the  squares  are  raised  for  the  choice  of  black  or  red  tiles.  He 
also  has  turned  out  many  conventional  checkerboards. 

His  shop  is  a  large  one-room  building  filled  with  many 
power  tools  and  various  woods,  plus  many  unfinished  pro- 


jects  he  is  working  on.  It  also  contains  a  pot-bellied  stove, 
used  in  winter. 

Wheeler,  mentioning  toward  a  lathe,  warned  of  its 
danger  if  not  handled  properly.  He  displayed  one  hand 
that  had  parts  of  two  fingers  missing. 

"I  know  because  this  is  what  happened  to  me,"  he  said. 
"Worse,  when  it  happened,  the  doctor  was  out  of  town." 

O.  E.  Wheeler  opens  his  shop  by  7  a.m.  daily  and  works 
till  darkness  intervenes.  He  also  toils  there  on  Sunday 

Jennie  Collier,  who  left  Bethany  in  1918  and  returned  in 
1939,  has  led  a  most  interesting  life  —  and  she  was  still 
enjoying  it  at  the  age  of  84  in  1975. 

One  of  her  early  memories  of  Bethany  is  the  black  en- 
campment in  the  woods  north  of  Bethany  between  1890 

and  1900. 

"They  would  sing  beautiful  Negro  spirituals,"  she  re- 
called. "I  knew  many  of  them  for  they  would  come  to  our 
house  for  drinking  water.  Many  townspeople  attended  the 
meeting,  for  they  were  charged  only  10  cents." 

When  her  late  sister,  Blanche,  and  Jennie  were  in  a  ship 
headed  for  Europe  in  1927,  Charles  Lindberg  passed 
overhead  in  his  historic  flight. 

Blanche  and  Jennie  were  attending  Harvard  Medical 
School  in  1931,  when  they  were  offered  a  chance  to  go  to 
Java  to  study  the  wood-feeding  roaches,  They,  of  course, 

In  World  War  I,  Jennie  served  as  a  physical  therapist. 

She  attended  the  University  of  Illinois  Academy,  the  last 
year  it  operated  in  1917.  Her,  parents,  William  and  Louise 
Collier,  died  in  1917. 

Jennie  remembered  well  the  wonderful  potluck  dinners 
in  the  Logan  Department  store  in  Bethany  when  she  was  a 
girl,  and  Logan  also  had  a  big  millinery  department. 

She  also  recalled  eating  at  the  Logan  Hotel,  which  ran 
from  1880  to  1910. 

"When  I  attended  grace  school  in  Bethany,"  she  said, 
"there  was  a  creek  running  across  the  yard,  crossed  by  a 
wooden  bridge.  We  skated  on  the  river  in  winter.  And  there 
also  was  a  swinging  bridge  west  of  town.  We  girls  would  go 
there  in  the  spring  to  gather  flowers  and  in  the  fall  to  pick 
up  nuts. 


"I  also  remember  chewing  part  of  the  red  elm  tree.  We 
took  off  the  bark  with  a  butcher  knife.  It  was  good  for 
cleaning  the  teeth. 

"In  the  early  1900s,  we  had  a  chautauqua  every  summer. 
And  a  circus  also  stopped  nearly  every  summer,  preceded 
by  a  parade  down  Main  Street. 

"Our  commencement  from  high  school  was  held  in  the 
Vadakin  Opera  House. 

"Around  1915,  we  had  big  roller  skating  rink,  under  a 
tent  in  Bethany. 

1909  Graduation  Class,  Bethany  High  School. 

Front,  left  to  right:  Gertrude  Stradley,  Margaret  McGuire,  Eva 

Ward,  March  Crowder,  Jennie  Collier.  Osa  Mode. 

Back  row:    Amy  Crowder,   Roby   McAmos,  Web   Rose,  Fred 

Lytle,  Harry  Stables,  Ancil  Livesey. 

Jennie  is  a  small  lady  of  culture,  soft-spoken  and  with 
complete  recall  of  early-day  Bethany.  She  lives  alone  in  a 
houseful  of  glowing  memories  of  travels  with  her  two  late 

Her  home,  in  the  north  section  of  Bethany,  is  most  in- 
teresting. Near  the  entrance  is  a  chest,  made  from  her 
childhood  piano. 


Miss  Collier  also  is  much  impressed  by  Wheeler.  And 
she's  a  little  sad  that  one  of  his  creations  is  long  gone.  That 
would  be  his  eight-sided  barn  he  built  in  1912  on  the  Bone 
farm  east  of  Bethany.  One  eighth  was  a  crib,  the  other 
seven  sections  were  stalls  for  two  horses  each. 

But  one  beautiful  barn  remains  on  the  Foster  farm,  east 
of  Bethany.  It  was  built  by  Millard  Livesey  before  the  turn 
of  the  century.  It  has  a  rounded  archway  leading  into  the 
basement  floor. 

And  Mrs.  Dewey  (Marjorie  Hogg)  Low,  though  faint  of 
vision  and  in  her  70s,  has  attracted  national  attention  on 
her  work  of  art. 

Majorie  started  out  making  rugs.  Then  she  included  12 
original  ideas,  such  as  flower  baskets,  placemats,  potted 
plant  covers,  belts,  etc. 

She  incorporates  such  things  as  bread  wrappers  for  mak- 
ing her  flowers  and  for  macrame  for  hanging  pots. 

She  has  been  so  successful  that  she  has  been  offered  jobs 
in  the  East,  and  a  class  in  Brooklyn  is  using  her  ideas. 

Mrs.  Low  told  Ruth  Suddarth,  during  an  interview  for 
the  Echo,  that  she  is  never  bored  and,  despite  the  fact  her 
eyesight  is  quite  blurred,  she  still  does  some  drawings  and 

And  her  husband,  peppery  Dewey,  keeps  busy  keeping 
the  house  in  shape. 


Chapter  9 
A.  R.  Scott's  State  Bank 

A.  R.  Scott,  who  founded  the  Scott  State  Bank  in 
Bethany,  provided  financing  in  its  early  days  that  helped 
develop  the  town  into  a  fine  agriculture  community. 

A.  R.'s  Grandfather  was  James  Scott,  who  brought  his 
family  from  Tennessee  to  Mt.  Zion  in  1824  and  to  a  farm 
near  Bethany  in  1853. 

Before  coming  to  Illinois,  James  had  freed  his  20  slaves, 
giving  each  of  them  his  choice  of  a  homesite. 

In  those  early  days,  judges  were  rough  on  thieves.  One 
judge,  a  friend  of  James  Scott,  ordered  a  thief  to  be 
whipped  40  lashes  on  his  bare  back  and  the  other  at  the 
same  time  for  30  lashes.  Each  also  was  fined  $100  and  im- 
prisoned three  months. 

Many  of  the  Marrow- 
bone Township  citizens 
suffered  excruciatingly  in 
those  days,  including  the 
Milton  Scott  family,  an 
uncle  of  A.  R.  Scott.  In 
1863,  the  family  was  nearly 
fatally  poisoned  when 
Milton's  two  youngest 
children  emptied  rat 
poison  into  the  meat 
barrel.  The  other  five 
members  of  the  family 
became  critically  ill  but 
the  prepetrators  did  not 
eat  it.  The  rest  recovered 
but  suffered  from  the  ill 
effects  of  the  poison  for  the 
rest  of  their  lives,  an  old 
clipping  claims.' 

Alfred  R.  Scott  was  born  in  Mt,  Zion  June  27,  1845.  He 
was  6  years  old  when  his  family  moved  to  a  log  cabin  near 
Bethany.  He  was  educated  at  the  Mt.  Zion  Academy,  one 
of  the  best  schools  in  the  Midwest  at  that  time. 

A.  R.  Scott 


Scott  married  Mary  J.  Smith  Sept.  8,  1868.  He  taught 
school  for  two  years.  In  1870,  W.  P.  McGuire  started  a  store 
building  in  Bethany,  and  Scott  purchased  it  before  it  was 

This  was  before  the  railroad  came  to  Bethany,  and  travel 
was  horrendous.  After  Scott  opened  his  store,  a  big  snow- 
fall hit,  and  he  promptly  sold  all  his  boots. 

The  Peoria-Decatur-Evansville  Railroad  was  built 
through  Bethany  in  1872  and,  shortly  after,  A.  R.  became 
the  agent  at  the  depot,  one  of  his  numerous  jobs. 

Sarah  Rankin,  whose  family  was  first  to  settle  in  Illinois, 
came  to  Bethany  in  1821  to  support  herself  by  the  tailor's 
trade.  She  later  taught  her  daughter,  Amanda,  who  was 
soon  making  suits  for  all  the  men  in  town.  She  made  two 
suits  for  0.  M.  Scott  before  he  entered  Lincoln  College. 

An  account  book  of  hers  was  found  showing  her  work  for 
Philo  Hale  in  1840.  She  was  paid  $1  for  the  pantaloons  and 
$1.50  for  the  overcoat.  When  Amanda  was  a  young  girl,  she 
said  she  wished  to  marry  Milton  Scott  and  that  her  step- 
sister, Lunicv  Fruit,  would  marrv  Frank  Scott.  And  both 

In  1885,  you  could  reach  Bethany  only  by  paths  through 
the  high  prairie  grass.  Night  traveling  was  necessary 
because  of  the  big,  green  flies  that  bit  in  the  daytime. 

Kind-hearted  Amanda  Scott  never  went  to  bed  on  a 
stormy  night  without  placing  a  burning  candle  in  the  up- 
stairs window  as  a  guide  for  anyone  who  might  be  lost  in 
the  prairie. 

She  never  turned  down  a  hungry  tramp  who  knocked  at 
her  door,  and  sometimes  kept  them  overnight.  Once,  the 
family  suffered  from  body-lice,  picked  up  from  an 

When  Amanda  Scott  died  in  May,  1888,  she  was  buried 

in  Mt.  Zion. 

A  fearful  storm  was  spied  coming  in  from  the  southwest. 
The  hearse-driver  whipped  his  team  into  a  fast  trot  to  get 
the  body  there  before  the  storm  broke. 

The  minister.  Rev.  James  Hogg,  coming  from  Bethany, 
was  delayed  by  the  storm.  After  waiting  for  an  hour,  the 
funeral  director  took  the  body  to  the  cemetery  and  buried 
it.  After  the  burial,  the  Rev.  Mr.  Hogg  arrived,  and  he 
proceeded  with  the  funeral  service. 


A  grist  and  saw  mill  was  operated  by  John  Heiland,  and 
Scott  bought  it  and  hired  Tom  Clark  to  run  it  for  him. 

It  proved  such  a  success  that  A.  R.  decided  to  build  a 
larger  mill  near  the  railroad  track.  It  was  finished  in  1882 
at  a  cost  of  $25,000. 

Shortly  after,  many  large  flour  mills  were  going  up  in  the 
northern  states,  where  wheat  could  be  bought  at  a  low  cost, 
making  it  difficult  for  the  small  mills  to  make  money. 
When  Scott's  large  mill  was  completed,  the  smaller  grist 
mill  was  abandoned  and  the  saw  mill  sold  to  W.  D. 

At  this  time,  A.  R.  Scott  was  in  business  with  his 
brother,  A.  W.  Scott,  in  a  large  general  store.  He  had 
several  other  jobs.  In  1870,  he  was  appointed  as  Bethany's 

A.  R.  had  an  iron  safe  in  his  mill,  and  a  number  of  his 
customers  would  leave  their  money  in  it. 

It  was  then  that  Alfred  realized  Bethany  needed  a  bank 
so  he  proceeded  to  open  one. 

He  called  it  the  Exchange  Bank  when  it  was  opened  in 
1887.  Alfred  engaged  Smith  Walker,  a  Bethany  boy  work- 
ing in  a  Decatur  bank,  as  his  cashier. 

The  banking  business  was  conducted  in  the  mill  office 
while  the  bank  building  on  Main  Street  was  being  built  in 

Shortly  after,  the  name  was  changed  to  Scott  State 

The  structure  Scott  had  built  for  the  flour  mill  proved 
unsuitable  for  handling  corn  and  small  grain  so  he 
purchased  the  elevator  building.  It  was  operated  by  Scott 
and  T.  L.  Bone,  Scott  later  purchasing  Bone's  interest. 

Scott  and  S.  M.  McReynolds  were  partners  in  buying 
livestock  and  grain  and  shipping  them  from  Bethany. 

They  would  start  out  early  in  the  morning  in  a  horse  and 
buggy.  Scott  would  take  a  wad  of  big  bills  with  him,  and  he 
would  be  gone  all  day.  He  would  pay  cash  for  the  cattle  and 
grain  on  the  spot,  which  pleased  the  farmers.  Often,  he 
would  buy  15,000  bushels  of  corn  in  one  day. 

But  soon  the  banking  business  began  requiring  much 
more  of  his  time.  Regretfully,  Scott  sold  his  elevator  to  the 
Bethany  Grain  Co. 

Still,  he  couldn't  get  the  grain  market  off  his  mind. 
Every  day  he  visited  the  elevator,  for  the  price  of  grain 


Bethany  Grain  Co.    Elevator  and  Office,  Bethany    III. 

A.R.  Scott  &  Company,  later  Bethany  Grain  Company. 

meant  so  much  to  the  farmers  with  whom  he  did  business. 

The  Scott  State  Bank  was  so  successful  that  it  attracted 
competition  from  another  bank,  Bethany  State  Bank, 
founded  by  Bob  Noble. 

It  folded  in  July,  1918,  much  to  the  distress  of  its 

0.  E.  Wheeler  had  built  a  barn  for  Noble,  which  burned 
down.  He  was  working  on  a  second  barn  in  the  summer  of 
1918,  when  he  received  a  call  saying  that  the  bank  had 
folded  and  to  stop  work.  "I  lost  $75  when  it  folded,"  com- 
mented O.E. 

But  Aaron  DeBruler  had  the  worst  experience.  He  had 
just  sold  a  high-priced  car  and  now  he  was  in  the  bank  to 
deposit  his  check. 

The  clerk  said:  "Better  keep  your  money." 

"But  I  want  to  deposit  it,"  replied  DeBruler.  "I  don't  like 
to  carry  that  much  with  me." 

"Oh,  no,"  said  the  clerk.  "You'd  be  better  off  to  keep  it." 

Back  and  forth  went  the  exchange,  and,  finally,  the  clerk 
agreed  to  take  the  deposit. 

As  DeBruler  left  the  bank,  the  man  opened  the  door  and 
said,  "Goodby,  this  bank  is  out  of  business." 

Later,  the  bank  paid  out  25  cents  on  each  dollar. 


Meantime,  the  Scott  State  Bank  continued  to  grow. 
And,  in  1919,  A.  R.  built  a  block  long,  two-story  brick 
building.  It  was  to  have  many  tenants  on  the  first  floor,  in- 
cluding the  C.  B.  Smith  Drug  store  and  the  post  office.  And 
for  20  years,  H.  W.  Watters  operated  a  dentist  office  over 
the  bank. 

Scott  was  a  builder,  always  looking  to  the  future  of  the 
community.  There  are  hundreds  of  men  in  Marrowbone 
Township  who  say  that  they  owe  all  they  have  to  Scott  who 
pushed  them  onward  and  upward  with  his  own  resources. 

A  sedate  but  friendly  man,  he  was  always  prodding 
others  to  do  better.  Nothing  ever  rattled  him,  nothing  dis- 
tressed him. 

If  a  young  man  was  working  on  a  farm  for  someone  else 
and  who  seemed  industrious  and  eager,  Scott  would  call 
him  into  his  office  and  ask  why  he  did  not  start  farming  for 

The  reply  always  was  the  youngster  had  no  money. 

Then  A.  R.  would  add:  "I'll  take  care  of  the  financing." 

If  the  young  man  then  did  well  in  farming  for  himself 
and  saved  some  money,  he  again  would  be  summoned  by 
A.  R. 

This  time  he  would  tell  him  of  a  farm  that  was  going  to 
be  sold  and  could  be  bought  at  a  fair  price. 

"Why  don't  you  buy  it?"  the  banker  would  ask. 

Again  the  reply:  "I  don't  have  the  money." 

"I  will  take  care  of  that,"  countered  A.  R. 

A.  R.  Scott's  influence  was  felt  in  financing  throughout 
the  Midwest. 

Once  a  Bethany  man  who  had  been  shipping  livestock 
attended  a  meeting  in  Indianapolis.  A  stranger  approached 
him  and  asked  if  he  wasn't  from  Bethany.  When  he  said  he 
was,  the  man  began  to  praise  A.  R.  Scott. 

"Years  ago  I  was  a  clerk  in  a  commission  house  in  In- 
dianapolis," he  related.  "We  were  handling  livestock  from 
Scott  &  McReynolds  of  Bethany. 

"One  day  Scott  asked  me  why  I  did  not  get  into  business 
for  myself.  He  said  he  would  ship  his  stock  to  me  and  in- 
fluence others  to  do  so.  I  told  him  I  had  no  money.  Scott 
replied  he  would  provide  it.  So  I  made  the  plunge.  And  I 
was  successful." 

The  man  later  became  a  director  of  the  largest  bank  in 


"If  it  weren't  for  your  A.  R.  Scott,  I  would  still  be  a  clerk 
in  a  commission  house,"  he  added. 

A.  R.  never  mentioned  the  help  he  gave  others.  Always 
the  information  came  from  those  he  helped. 

Scott  became  a  member  of  the  Bethany  Presbyterian 
Church,  Bethany  Masonic  Lodge  and  a  member  of  the 
board  of  Millikin  University. 

A.  R.  and  Mary  had  four  sons  and  four  daughters:  Hugh, 
S.  J.  (Jay),  Smith  and  Troy,  all  of  Bethany;  Mrs.  Russell 
Camp  and  Mrs.  A.  L.  Wilkinson,  both  of  Bement;  Dr. 
Augusta  Scott  of  New  York  City  and  Mrs.  A.  L.  Wilkinson 
of  Bethany.  All  were  dead  by  the  time  this  book  was 

Carl  Mathias  and  Hugh  Younger  worked  in  the  Scott 
State  Bank  in  the  early  days.  Troy  Scott  joined  the  bank  in 
1900,  Smith  in  1908,  and  Jay  in  1913.  Hugh  Scott  lived  for 
eight  years  in  Alabama  and  later  joined  the  bank. 

For  years,  A.  R.  Scott  lived  in  a  big  house  across  the 
street  from  the  Bethany  Grade  School. 

Smith  still  lived  with  his  father  until  he  was  married. 
Slim  as  a  hitching  post,  Smith  had  his  neckties  tied  from 
the  light  fixture  in  the  ceiling  of  his  bedroom,  so  that  he 
could  pull  the  switch  after  he  had  retired  for  the  night. 

He  loved  children  and  always  carried  a  supply  of 
Beechnut  chewing  gum  to  give  them.  After  he  left,  Hugh 
and  Sadie  Scott,  Hugh's  former  school  teacher,  kept  house 
for  him,  and  their  son  Sport  was  always  in  action. 

Mrs.  Scheer  and  others  recall  seeing  A.  R.  Scott  walking 
to  his  home  at  noon,  always  lost  in  thought.  His  head 
would  be  down,  his  hands  clasped  behind  his  back. 

At  family  reunions,  he  always  brought  a  box  of  Hershey 
bars  to  distribute  to  the  children. 

In  his  later  years,  he  would  play  solitaire  after  his  noon 
meal.  Gradually,  his  head  would  sink  and  soon  he  would  be 
asleep.  He  would  sleep  for  about  an  hour  and  then  would 
wake  up  and  return  to  the  bank. 

An  Eagle  Scout,  Sport  was  always  into  something, 
usually  the  frozen  confection  in  his  mother's  new 
refrigerator.  Our  grandfather,  A.  R.,  was  in  his  70s  when 
Sport  built  a  tennis  court  in  the  backyard,  and  he  had  A. 
R.  out  on  the  court,  hitting  the  ball  when  it  came  close  to 


A.  R.  became  careless  in  his  personal  habits  in  his  old 
age.  Once  I  was  driving  him  to  the  bank  in  winter.  He 
chewed  tobacco.  Since  it  was  winter,  the  windows  were 
closed.  He  spat  tobacco  juice  out  of  the  window,  which  he 
thought  was  open  but  which  wasn't. 

The  big  house  of  A.  R.  Scott  burned  to  the  ground  in 
February,  1929.  As  the  flames  shot  high  into  the  still  air,  A. 
R.  leaned  against  a  tree  in  the  front  yard  and  phil- 
osophically watched  it  being  destroyed. 

He  then  moved  into  the  home  of  his  daughter,  Ida 
Wilkinson,  on  the  same  block.  Later,  after  retiring,  he 
moved  to  Bement  to  live  with  another  daughter,  Marie 

A.  R.  Scott  died  at  the  age  of  90,  Nov.  8,  1935,  in  the 
Decatur  &  Macon  County  Hospital.  He  had  fallen  and 
broken  his  hip  a  few  days  before.  Death  was  caused  by 
penumonia,  which  stemmed  from  the  injury. 

The  Nov.  15,  1935  Bethany  Echo,  carrying  the  article  of 
A.  R.  Scott's  death,  had  another  story  on  the  first  page  tell- 
ing of  the  marriage  in  Divernon,  111.,  of  Mary  Florence 
Weidner  and  Joe  Scott,  who  was  then  working  for  the 
Federal  Land  Bank  in  St.  Louis. 

The  two  events  had 
more  significance  than 
anyone  could  realize  at 
the  time.  By  1975,  Mary 
Weidner  Scott  had  con- 
trolling interest  in  the 
Scott  State  Bank. 

After  Troy  Scott  re- 
tired as  president  of  the 
Scott  State  Bank  in  1955, 
Joe  Scott,  son  of  Jay  Scott, 
succeeded  him.  He  was  the 
only  grandson  trained  in 
banking.  Troy  died  July 
23,  1957  and  Smith  Feb. 
20,  1957.  Hugh  had  died 
Aug.  10,  1941  and  Jay, 
June  26,  1961. 

After  Joe  Scott  died  suddenly  Aug.  2,  1970,  Sam,  Joe's 
son,  who  was  in  the  Army,  returned  home  to  help  out  at  the 
bank.   He  had  worked  in  a  bank  in  Denver,  after  his 

Joe  Scott 


graduation  from  college,  and  was  familiar  with  the  bank- 
ing business.  Not  long  afterward,  he  was  named  president 
of  the  bank. 

Joe  was  a  friendly  fellow  who  always  had  a  smile  on  his 
face,  a  joke  on  his  lips. 

A  resourceful  man,  he  had  the  answer  for  every  problem. 
Even  as  a  boy  he  could  cope  with  any  situation. 

Once  he  had  a  small  vegetable  garden,  One  of  Elmer 
Mcllwain's  chickens  kept  getting  into  it.  So  Joe  took  a 
grain  of  corn,  threaded  it  with  a  string  to  which  he  at- 
tached a  note  that  read:  "Please  keep  me  at  home." 

Joe's  widow,  Mary,  is  of  the  same  stripe,  a  vivacious, 
happy-go-lucky  woman,  she  looks  about  the  same  as  she 
did  in  high  school,  aided  by  good  facial  bones.  A  jolly, 
erudite  executive,  she  is  a  fine  asset  to  the  bank  through 
her  friendliness  to  all. 

While  most  old  Bethany  business  houses  have  long  since 
folded,  the  Scott  State  Bank  keeps  growing. 

Its  staff  in  1975  numbered:  Sam  Scott,  president;  Fred 
Young,  trust  officer  and  farm  manager;  Wilbur  Lancaster, 
cashier;  Glenn  Austin,  assistant  cashier,  and  tellers  Norma 
Flannell,  Mildred  Tipsword,  Mary  Fitzgerald,  Nancy 
Chance,  Diane  Florey  and  Eileen  Marshall.  Mary  Scott 
serves  as  vice-president. 

Austin  has  become  Bethany's  foremost  historian,  the 
best  known  man  in  town.  I  have  sold  more  than  1,000  ar- 
ticles to  national  publications  and  written  several  books, 
but  never  in  my  life  have  I  received  such  cooperation  and 
help  as  I  got  from  Austin  in  the  research  for  this  book. 

The  Scott  State  Bank  has  always  been  a  leader  in  its 
field.  It  was  the  first  bank  in  Moultrie  County  to  install  a 
modern  bookkeeping  system,  when  it  obtained  the 
machine  from  Burroughs  Oct.  29,  1915.  And  it  was  twice 

It  was  first  robbed  late  at  night  Dec.  30,  1902  by  four 
men  in  a  buggy.  The  jail  was  then  located  near  the 
telephone  office.  The  bandits  tied  up  the  night  watchman, 
John  Robertson,  put  a  piece  of  coal  in  his  mouth  and 
gagged  him.  Then  they  blew  up  the  safe  and  escaped  with 
$2,000.  They  were  never  captured. 

I  remember  well  the  second  robbery  July  9,  1936.  1  had 


become  a  sportswriter  for  the  Decatur  Review,  and  was 
home  on  week's  vacation.  I  came  in  the  bank  shortly  after 
it  was  held  up,  and  was  able  to  get  the  story  into  the 
Review  that  afternoon. 

The  two  bandits  escaped  with  $1,350,  taking  cashier 
Hugh  Scott  with  them.  He  later  was  dumped  out.  Junior 
Marshall  and  Bliss  Schwartz  gave  chase  in  the  Schwartz 
car  and  kept  after  them  until  Decatur  police  arrived  on  a 
field  east  of  Decatur. 

T.A.  Scott 

Troy  Scott,  bank  president,  had  called  Decatur  police 
right  after  the  holdup. 

Shortly  after,  the  two  thugs,  Joe  L.  Poole,  37,  and  Peter 
Samueloff,  40,  were  killed  in  a  gun  battle  with  police  near 
route  132.  Both  were  former  convicts. 

A.  R.  Scott  served  as  bank  president,  1904-1931;  T.  A. 
Scott,  1932-1954;  S.  J.  Scott,  Jr.,  1955-1970;  Mary  W. 
Scott,  1971-1974;  Sam  Scott,  1975— 

Sons  of  the  Scott  brothers  and  sisters  have  succeeded  in 
diverse  fields. 

Scott  Wilkinson,  son  of  Arthur  and  Ida,  became  a  promi- 
nent pediatrician  in  Decatur;  his  brother,  Arthur,  was  an 
executive  with  Macy's  in  New  York  and  a  fine  accountant; 
George  Wilkinson,  son  of  Etha  and  Arthur,  is  president  of 
the  Bement  State  Bank;  Anna  Jane  Scott,  daughter  of  Jay 
and  Vira,  and  sister  of  Joe,  became  a  high  school  teacher, 


who  was  crippled  and  whose  husband,  Ellison  Hoke,  was 
killed  when  both  were  struck  by  a  car.  Anna  Jane  now  lives 
in  Bell  Vista,  Ark.  Their  younger  brother,  Rodney  A.  Scott, 
is  chief  judge  of  the  Sixth  Judicial  Circuit  in  Illinois. 

Troy,  Jr.,  a  son  of  Troy  and  Mabel  Scott,  is  a  senior 
research  scientist  at  Honeywell  in  Minneapolis;  one  of  his 
sisters,  Majorie  Scott,  taught  at  Bethany  High  School  for 
23  years  and  now  lives  in  Silver  Spring,  Md.  with  her  sister, 
Julia,  who  long  worked  for  the  Navy  Ordinance  and  U.S. 
Agriculture  Library  in  Washington,  D.  C.  Their  brother, 
Jim,  today  is  a  writer  of  books  and  magazine  articles  liv- 
ing in  Berkeley,  Calif. 

Sport,  son  of  Hugh  and  Sadie,  works  in  Southern 
Arizona.  Smith  Scott's  son,  John,  perished  in  World  War 

Sam  Scott 

Sam  Scott  may  be  the  first  president  of  the  Scott  State 
Bank  with  a  full  appreciation  of  public  relations. 

Not  only  does  he  have  one  of  the  best  young  historians  in 
the  nation  in  Glenn  Austin,  but  also  Sam  shows  his  own 
talent  in  his  zinging  explanation  of  bank  policies  in  his 
Echo  ads. 



Main  Street  looking  west  -  1974 

Main  Street  looking  east  -  1974 


Willard  Ray  Restaurant,  located  "down  on  the  levee'  ,  present 
location  of  Loretta's  Beauty  Shop.  Willard  Ray  is  standing  with 
white  apron. 

Bethany  in  the  early  1900's 



The  sqaure  about  the  Illinois  Central  Station,  around  1917. 

1917  view  of  Main  Street  in  Bethany,  Illinois,  looking  east 

The  grain  elevators  of  Bethany.  Illinois,  around  1917 


Main  and  Lincoln  Streets  prior  to  1917 

The  Bethany  power  plant  around  1917 

Lincoln  Street  (top)  and  intersecting  Main  Street  in  Bethany 
around  1917. 


Bethany  Public  Grade  School  in  1917 



Some  leading  churches  of  Bethany  in  the  early  1900's 


Chapter  10 

1941  Grid,  1975  Cage  Teams 
Feature  BHS'  Sports 

Bethany  High's  enrollment  is  too  small  to  provide  the 
football  teams  with  the  manpower  they  need. 

Still,  Bethany  was  a  terror  in  football  under  Ivan  C. 
Johnson,  who  coached  the  team  from  1940  through  1945 
and  who  also  served  as  principal. 

The  best  years  were  1941,  when  Bethany  went  8-0  and 
1942  when  it  was  beaten  only  once. 

The  bright  star  of  those  years  was  Darrell  Weakly,  a  145- 
pound  speedster.  In  1941,  Weakly  scored  22  touchdowns 
and  kicked  seven  extra  points.  He  returned  six  punts  for 
touchdowns  on  sprints  of  50,  52,  60,  70,  72  and  80  yards.  He 
once  raced  102  yards  for  a  touchdown  on  the  kickoff,  and  he 
got  off  many  long  runs  from  scrimmage. 

Don  Bone,  his  teammate,  says  that  Weakly  was  quite  a 
thinker,  as  well.  On  the  102-yard  run,  he  noticed  the  op- 
position pulled  up,  thinking  he  was  bringing  the  ball  out  to 
the  20-yard  line.  Instead,  Darrell  turned  on  his  full  speed 
and  raced  through  the  tacklers  for  a  touchdown. 

One  of  the  key  games  at  Shelbyville  was  played  in  a  driv- 
ing rain. 

"Coach  Johnson  was  quite  a  psychologist,"  remembered 
Bone.  "Before  the  game,  the  Shelbyville  coach  kept  his 
boys  inside  to  keep  their  uniforms  dry.  Meanwhile,  John- 
son had  us  falling  on  the  ball  to  learn  how  to  control  it  in 
the  rain  and  mud. 

"When  the  game  started,  we  were  covered  with  mud. 
But  we  were  more  than  ready  to  play,  and  we  know  how  to 
handle  the  muck.  When  Shelbyville  fumbled,  we  were 
right  on  the  ball.  And  we  won,  34-0." 

The  school  was  so  proud  of  the  Mustangs'  unblemished 
record,  it  decided  to  stage  a  dance  for  the  heroes. 

Lo,  none  of  the  squad  turned  up  for  it.  Instead,  the  boys 
had  driven  over  to  Sullivan  to  see  the  film,  "Harmon  of 

"My  father,  Will  Bone,  really  scolded  me  for  this," 
related  Don.  "He  said  when  someone  honors  you,  it's  the 


height  of  rudeness  not  to  appear." 

Weakly  had  several  good  college  offers,  but  he  was  more 
interested  in  farming.  So  he  married  Virginia  Martin  of 
Decatur,  and  went  into  farming.  And  so  a  bright  athletic 
career  ended. 

Seldom  has  a  high  school  team  blocked  and  tackled  with 
the  gusto  of  the  1941  Bethany  aggregation.  And  the  team 
was  so  light,  averaging  only  146  pounds. 

Many  other  fine  Bethany  athletes  figured,  as  did 
Weakly,  that,  after  high  school,  it  was  time  to  start  making 
a  living  at  something  that  would  last  a  lifetime. 

Dwayne  Barnes  in  1950  tallied  19  touchdowns  and 
kicked  nine  extra  points.  That  year  Bethany  went  6-1-1. 

But  Barnes,  Bethany's  most  versatile  athlete  ever,  was 
even  better  in  track.  He  was  extremely  fast,  nearly  always 
winning  the  100- ,  220-  and  440-yard  dashes.  And  he  also 
long  jumped  and  ran  in  the  880-yard  relay  team.  He 
starred  in  basketball  as  well. 

Standing  6-2  and  slender,  he  would  have  made  some 
college  a  track  power.  But,  instead,  he  chose  to  become  a 
veterinarian  and,  like  Weakly,  never  competed  again. 

Four  greats  in  Bethany  sports.   Left  to  right:   C.E.  McCaslin, 
Dick  Martin,  Dean  Puyear,  Darrell  Weakly. 


Another  of  Bethany's  athletic  legends  is  Dean  Puyear, 
who  was  graduated  in  1956.  He  set  a  record  that  may  never 
be  tied:  Dean  won  12  letters  in  football,  basketball  and 
track,  and  was  outstanding  in  all  these  sports.  Although 
only  5-10,  he  competed  in  track  in  field  events  and  as  a 
sprinter.  In  football,  he  was  a  fleet  halfback.  In  high  school 
football,  he  scored  41  touchdowns  and  gained  3,531  yards 
in  31  games. 

Unlike  most  other  Bethany  immortals,  Puyear  went  to 
college  —  Illinois  State  Normal  —  where  he  starred  in  foot- 
ball. He  now  is  in  the  insurance  business. 

Puyear  was  good  in  any  game  he  tried.  For  several  years, 
he  served  as  the  star  catcher  for  the  Perfect  Window 
Cleaners  softball  team  in  Decatur.  Versatile,  he  also 
pitched,  played  third  base  and  the  outfield. 

In  1932,  Sullivan  had  a  big,  breakaway  back  in  Bill 
Dwyer,  who  ran  with  high  knee  action. 

In  the  Bethany  game,  the  Mustangs  had  a  young  light- 
weight safety. 

Raymond  Scheer,  a  longtime  Bethany  resident,  then 
principal  of  Sullivan  High  School,  recalls  that  Dwyer  broke 
through  the  Bethany  line  and  was  heading  right  toward 
safety  with  his  knees  flashing  high. 

"The  safety  just  stepped  aside  and  let  Dwyer  score," 
said  Scheer.  "Afterward  his  coach,  Guy  Cunningham, 
asked  him  what  had  happened. 

He  had  no  alibi.  "I  would  just  as  soon  try  to  tackle  a 
bull,"  he  replied. 

Bethany  had  its  best  basketball  team  ever  in  1974-75 
when  the  Mustangs  went  to  the  finals  of  the  Sectional  tour- 
nament before  losing,  59-57,  to  Hume-Shiloh. 

The  team  was  made  up  of  Dave  Warren,  6-5,  Jim  Bone, 
5-10,  Greg  Florey,  6-6,  Larry  Puyear,  5-11,  Mike  Overlot,  5- 
9,  and  Bill  Reeder,  6-1.  This  fine  team  holds  several  scor- 
ing records  including  a  game  high  of  108  points  against 
Atwood-Hammond.  The  Mustangs  averaged  81.6  points 
per  game  while  allowing  opponents  55.6  points  per  game. 

Since  basketball  requires  only  five  players,  Bethany 
High  has  always  performed  well  in  the  sport. 

Bethany  in  1920-21  under  Coach  John  T.  Belting  com- 
piled a  10-4  record. 

But  in  1921-22,  under  B.  W.  Ward,  the  Mustangs  caught 
fire  and  went  18-4. 


1974-1975  Bethany  Mustangs. 

Top  row,  left  to  right:  Tony  Rauch,  Duane  Jenkins,  Greg  Florey, 

Dave  Warren,  Bill  Reeter,  and  Dick  Bone. 

Bottom  row,  left  to  right:   Ed  Webb,  Mike  Overlot,  Jim  Bone, 

Greg  Allsop,  and  Larry  Puyear. 

1921-22  basketball  team. 

Back  row:   Ted  Burkhead,  Dale  Warren,  James  Walton,  Coach 
B.W.  Ward,  Principal  Fred  Ziese,  Stanley  Davis,  Harold  Daum. 
Front  row:   Bob  Hoskins,  Tom  Logan,  Guy  Cunningham,  Virgil 
Ward,  Horace  Reuss. 


This  squad  was  composed  of  Robert  Hoskins,  Tom 
Logan,  Guy  Cunningham,  Virgil  Ward,  Horace  Reuss, 
Theodore  Birkhead,  Dale  Warren,  James  Walton,  Stanley 
Davis  and  Harold  Daum. 

Walton  stood  6-4  and  was  regarded  as  a  giant  in  those 
days.  But  today  he  would  be  too  short  for  a  front  line  player 
in  pro  ball. 

In  1923-24,  Bethany  defeated  Argenta,  Maroa,  Decatur 
(19-18)  and  Weldon  to  win  the  Decatur  District  tourna- 

Making  up  the  team  were  Harold  York,  Glen  Harding, 
Jim  Stables,  Reginald  Cole,  Orin  Goetz  and  Horace  Reuss. 

In  1926-27,  after  Ward  took  a  coaching  job  in  Decatur, 
Guy  Cunningham  succeeded  him  at  Bethany. 

That  year  Bethany  had  one  of  the  cleverest  ball-handlers 
ever  to  play  the  game  in  Harold  (Tuffy)  Rhodes,  who  stood 
only  about  5-7.  That  season  Tuffy,  in  addition  to  directing 
the  play,  scored  388  points  to  help  Bethany  to  a  22-10 

Performing  with  Rhodes  were  Orvil  Oathout,  Jim  Snow, 
Hollis  Dick  and  Lawrence  Cordray. 

1940-41  team  Cenois  Conference  undefeated  champions. 

Top  row:  Coach  I.  C.  Johnson,  Loyal  Pettypool,  Don  Saddoris 

(deceased),   Junior   Egnor   (deceased),   George   Carpenter,   Ted 

Ketchum,  and  Nick  Tarro,  assistant  coach. 

Front  row:  Wayne  Saddoris,  manager;  Wendell  Jones,  Don  Bone, 

Kenneth    Brewer,    Craig    Bushert,    Darrell    Weakly,    and   Errol 



Bethany  bounced  back  in  1927-28  for  25-5  record  and 
won  the  Moultrie  County  tournament,  led  by  Hollis  Dick, 
Jim  Snow  and  Harold  Waterson. 

The  next  fine  team  came  in  1932-33,  and  it  featured  hot- 
shooting  Loren  Grabb. 

(Grabb  later  became  a  most  successful  Decatur  real  es- 
tate developer.  He  died  in  1975.) 

In  1936,  '37,  '38,  Bethany  won  district  titles  at  Paris, 
Windsor  and  Arthur.  The  stars  of  these  three  teams  were 
Vernon  Oathout,  Keith  Orris,  Don  Davisson  and  Wendell 

Bethany's  1950-51  quintet  posted  a  bright  20-3  record 
and  captured  both  the  District  tournament  at  Atwood  and 
the  County  title.  Leading  this  club  were  Bill  Morris,  James 
Tipsword  and  Bill  Bland. 

The  1960-61  and  1961-62  squads  took  district  titles  at 
Lovington,  Dave  Shelton  and  John  McLaughlin  paced  the 
1961  surge  and  Verl  Cordray  and  Mike  Shelton  led  the  1962 

In  1966-67,  Bethany  again  won  the  district  at  Lovington, 
paced  by  Verral  Cordray  and  Dick  Martin. 

The  Bethany  Jr.  High  Mustangs  won  the  Illinois  State 
Lightweight  Basketball  Tournament  in  1960.  The 
Mustangs  were  led  in  the  four  game  tournament  by 
Charles  Bland  with  40  points  and  David  Walker  with  39 
points.  Bethany  defeated  Mt.  Sterling  40-35,  Chillicothe 
36-32,  Pekin  54-27,  and  Carmi  40-35  in  the  final.  The  other 
members  of  this  squad  were  Jack  Schwartz,  Mike  Orris, 
Sam  Scott,  Jim  Thomas,  Dean  Brewer,  Joe  Ishee,  Tom 
Armer,  and  Jim  Gregory. 

John  Moody,  who  starred  in  basketball  at  B.H.S.  from 
1957  through  1960,  rates  as  the  all-time  leading  scorer  with 
1,439  points  in  85  games,  an  average  of  16.92  a  game. 

John  was  a  diabetic  and  in  constant  need  of  sugar.  So, 
even  at  timeouts  during  a  game,  he  would  rush  over  and 
eat  a  Hershey  bar,  for  he  kept  a  stack  of  them  on  the  bench. 

Although  he  wolfed  down  many  Hershey  bars,  Moody 
remained  slim  fet  6-2.  He  attended  the  University  of 
Illinois,  but  did  not  go  out  for  basketball  because  of  his  dis- 

Much  of  this  basketball  information  comes  from  Glenn 
E.  Austin,  a  super  historian,  who  is  assistant  cashier  of  the 
Scott  State  Bank. 


Here  are  the  all-time  leading  scorers  by  years  at  B.H.S. 
where  records  were  available  to  Austin: 

1920-21,  Thomas  Logan  139  points;  21-22,  Thomas 
Logan,  101;  26-27,  Harold  Rhodes,  388;  27-28,  Orvil 
Oathout,  152;  28-29,  Hollis  Dick,  170;  29-30,  Jim  Scott, 
124;  30-31,  Jim  Scott,  151;  31-32,  Loren  Grabb,  359;  32-33 
Loren  Grabb,  361;  33-34,  321;  34-35,  Troy  Scott,  Jr.,  235; 
35-36,  Minor  Mathias,  197;  36-37,  Vernon  Oathout,  213; 
37-38,  Keith  Orris,  284;  38-39,  Wendell  Jones,  83;  39-40, 
Wendell  Jones  148;  40-41,  Wendell  Jones,  211;  42-43,  Don 
Saddoris,  269;  43-44,  Jay  Sanner,  Jr.  (points  not 
available);  45-46,  Bill  Glover,  185;  46-47,  Jim  Bone,  154; 
47-48,  Jim  Goetz,  211;  48-49,  Jim  Walton,  326;  49-50,  Bill 
Morris,  328;  50-51,  Bill  Morris,  421;  51-52,  Bill  Bland,  445; 
52-53,  Dale  Bland;  53-54,  Dean  Puyear,  277;  54-55,  Dean 
Puyear,  381;  55-56,  Arnold  Mitchell,  361;  56-57,  Ronald 
Garrett,  334;  57-58,  John  Moody,  332;  58-59,  John  Moody 
433;  59-60,  John  Moody,  592;  60-61,  Dave  Shelton,  536;  61- 
62,  Lonnie  Coslow,  408;  62-63,  Mike  Shelton,  400;  63-64, 
Gerald  Garrett,  479;  64-65,  Dean  Brewer,  392;  65-66,  Dean 
Brewer,  481;  66-67,  Verral  Cordray,  405;  67-68,  Roger 
Crowder,  271;  68-69,  Roger  Crowder,  413;  69-70,  Bill 
Smith,  265;  70-71,  Randy  Florey,  287;  71-72,  Randy  Florey, 
495;  72-73,  Mike  Overlot,  297;  73-74,  Mike  Overlot,  360; 
74-75,  Greg  Florey,  464. 

Bill  Pine's  1974-75  cagers  won  the  hearts  and  minds  and 
cheers  of  all  Marrowbone  fans.  Most  every  game  was  a 
sellout,  and,  at  two  home  contests,  many  buffs  were 
turned  away  at  the  door. 

At  the  Tuscola  Sectional  of  1975,  Gibbly  Florini  re- 
marked to  Jim  Stables  of  Bethany:  "It  looks  as  if  all 
Bethany  is  here.  1  guess  it's  a  good  time  for  me  to  advise 
them  against  permitting  a  bar  in  Bethany." 

Florini  owns  a  tavern  in  Sullivan,  well-patronized  by 
Bethany  citizens.  He  didn't  make  his  speech  but  it  was  un- 
needed.  The  liquor  proposal  lost  at  the  polls,  anyway. 

When  I  was  in  the  Echo  office  in  the  summer  of  1975,  a 
gentleman  came  down  Main  Street  on  a  bicycle. 

It  turned  out  to  be  Bethany  High  School's  first  coach,  C. 
E.  (Mac)  McClasin,  who  lives  at  202  East  Main  Street  with 
his  wife,  the  former  Blanche  Brown,  widow  of  Coy  Brown. 
They  were  married  in  October,  1971. 


Blanche  and  Mac  spend  their  summers  in  Bethany,  their 
winters  in  Mesa,  Ariz. 

McCaslin  coached  football,  basketball  and  track  at 
B.H.S.  in  1916-17-18.  His  1918  football  team  won  all  its 
three  games  in  a  schedule  shortened  by  World  War  I. 

On  Aug.  1,  1918,  Mac  entered  the  U.S.  Army  with 
Harrison  Bone  and  Walter  Roney. 

The  war  ended  shortly  after,  and  from  1919-23, 
McCaslin  coached  the  three  sports  at  Burlington,  Iowa. 

In  1923,  he  moved  on  to  Fort  Madison,  Iowa,  where  he 
taught  vocational  subjects  in  the  high  school. 

From  1952  to  1963,  he  had  supervision  of  recreation  in 
Fort  Madison. 

McCaslin  retired  from  recreation  work  in  1971.  Mac  used 
to  play  a  lot  of  golf  but  an  injury  grounded  him. 

But,  a  stickler  for  physical  fitness,  he  has  never  been  out 
of  shape. 

Several  Bethany  High  School  graduates  became 

Guy  Cunningham,  graduated  in  1922,  returned  to 
B.H.S.  as  basketball,  track  and  football  coach  in  1926-27 
and  stayed  until  the  late  1930s. 

Don  Davisson,  a  1938  graduate,  coached  football  at 
Collinsville  High  but  in  1975  was  its  golf  coach. 

Dean  Puyear  (B.H.S.,  1956)  coached  at  Streator  but 
soon  gave  up  coaching  to  sell  life  insurance  around 
Bloomington,  111. 

Dean  Brewer  (B.H.S.,  1966)  coached  football  and 
basketball  at  Illiopolis. 

And  Jim  Thomas  (B.H.S.,  1965)  was  coaching  track  at 
Stephen  Decatur  High  in  1975. 


Chapter  11 

The  Musical  Doc  Boros 
Keeps  Bethany  in  Tune 

It  was  a  fine,  warm  August  day  in  1939  when  a  young 
doctor,  Eugene  J.  Boros,  and  his  wife,  the  former  Helen 
Reson,  rolled  into  Bethany  in  their  car. 

Driving  around  the  village,  Dr.  Boros  found  it  quiet  and 
orderly.  Birdsongs  filled  the  air,  as  well  as  the  sweet  aroma 
of  lilacs.  Moreover,  it  was  close  to  Sullivan,  where  his 
college  friend,  Bill  Scott,  a  native  of  Monticello,  had 
started  his  medical  practice.  And  his  good  friend,  Dr. 
William  Requarth,  had  begun  his  medical  career  in  his 
home  town  of  Decatur,  where  he  was  once  an  Eagle  Scout. 

Dr.  Boros  was  so  impresed  by  Bethany  that  he  decided  to 
inaugurate  his  practice  there. 

Bethany  citizens  never  heard  of  Dr.  Boros  before.  But  it 
was  the  greatest  thing  to  happen  to  the  village,  as  it  soon 
was  to  learn. 

Very  few  doctors  have  the  qualities  of  Dr.  Boros.  He 
combines  the  friendliness  of  early-day  physicians  with  the 
competence  of  the  most  knowing  of  today's  doctors. 

His  medical  training  has  never  stopped.  A  voracious 
reader,  he  keeps  in  close  touch  with  all  new  medical  prac- 
tices and  ideas. 

Nor  does  Dr.  Boros  mind  long  hours  and  hard  work.  In 
the  morning,  he  covers  the  hospitals  and  nursing  homes. 
Then,  after  lunch,  comes  his  long  day  at  his  downtown 
Bethany  office.  Sometimes,  there  are  so  many  patients 
awaiting  him,  that  he  does  not  escape  until  11  p.m. 

Doc  Boros  understands  the  problems  of  his  patients,  and 
he  is  most  honest  with  them. 

He  doesn't  hesitate  to  send  a  patient  to  the  hospital  or  to 
a  specialist,  if  he  feels  it  necessary. 

When  he  can  find  the  spare  time,  Doc  likes  to  return  to 
his  original  chosen  profession  —  music.  He  loves  to  play 
the  piano.  He  once  rewrote  Bach's  nine-volumes,  written 
for  the  organ,  into  music  for  the  piano. 

But  he  can  also  play  the  organ,  as  he  has  demonstrated 
at  the  Presbyterian  Church. 


E.  J.  Boros,  M.  D. 

Bill  Mcllwain,  former  publisher  of  the  Bethany  Echo, 
described  him  as  "witty  when  it's  time  to  be  witty,  serious 
when  it's  time  to  be  serious." 

Bethany  has  been  so  proud  of  Dr.  Boros  that  it  honored 
him  in  August,  1964,  for  his  25  years  of  unstinted  service  to 
the  town. 

Some  800  persons  turned  out  to  pay  homage  to  the  plea- 
sant dark-complexioned  doctor  at  the  testimonial,  held  in 
Bethany  High  School's  gym. 

Mcllwain,  serving  as  master  of  ceremonies,  gave  the 
welcome  and  narrated  "This  Is  Your  Life"  part  of  the 
program . 

Will  Boros,  his  brother,  gave  some  interesting  sidelights 
of  Dr.  Boros'  early  life,  telling  where  he  derived  his  drive 
and  interest. 

Dr.  William  Requarth  gave  the  main  address,  pointing 
out  how  fortunate  the  community  was  to  have  a  doctor  as 
competent  as  Dr.  Boros. 

Mayor  F.  H.  Bland  presented  Dr.  Boros  with  a  plaque  in 
recognition  of  his  long  service  to  the  community. 

The  late  Joe  Scott,  then  president  of  the  Scott  State 
Bank,  who  was  chairman  of  the  "Dr.  Boros  Day  Com- 
mittee," presented  Doc  with  a  wrist  watch  on  behalf  of  the 
people  of  Bethany.  Several  new  pieces  of  equipment  were 
purchased  for  his  office,  in  which  he  was  soon  to  move. 


Dr.  Boros  warmly  accepted  his  accolade,  and  he  thanked 
the  community  for  "such  a  fine  day  in  my  life."  A  recep- 
tion followed  the  program. 

Dr.  Boros  was  born  in  Toledo,  Ohio,  a  son  of  the  late  Rev. 
and  Mrs.  Eugene  Boros.  When  Eugene,  named  after  his 
father,  was  3,  the  family  moved  to  Gary,  Ind.,  where  the 
Boroses  remained  two  years  before  going  to  Chicago. 

Dr.  Boros'  father  was  the  minister  of  the  Reformed 
Evangelical  Church  and  held  pastorates  at  three 
Hungarian  churches  in  Chicago. 

His  mother,  a  skilled  musician  and  linguist,  assisted  her 
husband  with  his  church  work,  and  she  also  started  the  boy 
off  on  a  musical  career  by  giving  him  piano  lessons  at  the 
age  of  3.  At  5,  Eugene  was  put  under  an  accomplished 
piano  instructor. 

He  continued  his  music  studies  at  the  American  Conser- 
vatory of  Music  in  Chicago.  He  also  gave  piano  lessons  to 
kids  while  attending  Park  High  School  in  Chicago.  Eugene 
played  the  organ,  as  well,  every  Sunday  for  nine  years  in 
his  father's  three  churches.  He  also  played  at  weddings  and 
other  celebrations  to  help  pay  his  own  way. 

After  giving  up  his  idea  of  becoming  a  minister,  Dr. 
Boros  entered  the  University  of  Chicago  in  1930,  and 
received  his  BS  Degree  in  1934.  He  studied  Greek,  Latin 
and  history  with  the  idea  of  being  a  teacher  of  theology. 

In  1934,  during  the  Chicago  World's  Fair,  he  sought  to 
find  work  as  a  musician  but  the  Depression  was  still  on, 
and  competition  for  jobs  still  severe. 

Unable  to  find  work,  Dr.  Boros  then  thought  about 
becoming  a  doctor.  He  had  read  two  books,  "Men  in 
White,"  and  "Of  Mice  and  Men,"  both  of  which  stirred  his 
interest  in  becoming  a  doctor. 

He  was  offered  a  scholarship  to  study  medicine  at  the 
University  of  Budapest,  Hungary,  which  he  accepted.  He 
had  been  there  only  two  months  when  his  father  died 
suddenly  of  a  heart  attack. 

Returning  for  his  funeral,  Dr.  Boros  then  entered  the 
University  of  Chicago  again,  taking  pre-medicine  for  two 
years;  later  he  entered  Rush  Medical  College,  which  was 
then  a  division  of  the  University  of  Chicago. 

While  attending  Rush,  he  met  his  wife,  Helen,  whom  he 
married  in  1935. 


Dr.  Boros  completed  his  college  training  in  1938,  and  did 
his  internship  at  the  Methodist  Hospital  in  Indianapolis. 

After  arriving  in  Bethany,  he  continued  to  practice  until 
he  entered  the  Medical  Corp  in  World  War  II  in  1942  with 
the  rank  of  second  lieutenant.  He  served  until  March, 
1945,  when  he  was  released  with  the  rank  of  captain,  and 
he  at  once  resumed  his  practice  at  Bethany. 

Dr.  and  Mrs.  Boros  have  two  sons,  Bill  of  Los  Angeles, 
Gene  of  Ames,  Iowa;  and  two  daughters,  Mrs.  James 
(Rhoda)  Terlizzi  of  Pennsylvania,  and  Mrs.  Jack  (Renee) 
Lundy  of  Chicago. 


Chapter  12 

The  Bethany  Echo 
Mirror  of  Life 

Since  Bethany  started  to  grow  before  the  turn  of  the 
Century,  there  were  three  stable  businesses  in  town: 
Wilkinson  Lumber  Co.,  Scott  State  Bank  and  The 
Bethany  Echo. 

By  1975,  only  the  bank  and  the  Echo  survived. 

The  Bethany  Echo  since  pioneer  days  has  provided  a 
permanent  record  of  how  people  live  and  what  has  hap- 

Newspapers  are  so  important  for  obtaining  past  facts 
that  the  State  of  Illinois  is  now  microfilming  all  dailies  and 
weeklies  in  the  state. 

While  researching  this  book  in  the  summer  of  1975,  it 
was  impossible  to  get  precise  dates  on  some  early  events  for 
the  Echoes  of  this  period  were  in  Springfield  being 

The  Bethany  Echo  had  its  genesis  in  April,  1888,  when 
Frank  Trainer  opened  up  with  only  $25  behind  him.  Dur- 
ing the  six-month  period  that  Trainer  was  setting  up  his 
shop  and  hustling  advertising,  he  made  arrangements  to 
have  the  paper  printed  on  an  Army  press  in  Decatur. 

For  12  years,  the  Echo  office  was  on  the  north  side  of 
Main  Street,  where  the  Library  is  today. 

Late  in  the  last  century,  fire  destroyed  the  building  to 
the  west  of  The  Echo,  and  Trainer  felt  the  building  too 
weak  for  his  new  presses. 

In  November,  1893,  Trainer,  in  ill  health,  sold  the  shop 
and  paper  to  John  Robertson,  and  Robertson  continued  to 
publish  the  paper  until  March,  1898,  when  Trainer, 
recovered,  bought  it  back. 

J.  W.  Mcllwain  purchased  The  Bethany  Echo  from 
Trainer  Nov.  1,  1898,  thus  beginning  75  years  of  continuous 
family  ownership. 

He  quit  his  job  as  a  teacher  in  schools  around  Moultrie 
County  to  devote  full  time  to  his  weekly. 

At  once  he  bought  a  new  press  for  his  job  printing  and  a 
Washington  hand  newspaper  press.  At  the  same  time,  he 


changed  the  paper  from  four  columns  to  five. 

Over  the  years,  The  Echo  has  shifted  back  and  forth 
between  full  size  and  tabloid.  It  was  the  first  paper  in  Cen- 
tral Illinois  to  go  tabloid,  the  favorite  size  of  bus  and 
subway-riding  city  workers. 

Circulation  kept  increasing  so  Mcllwain  purchased  a 
Monona  Leverless  Cylinder  Press  that  could  print  800 

From  the  start,  The  Echo  published  a  Dalton  City  edi- 
tion as  an  insert  to  The  Bethany  Echo.  At  the  time,  eggs 
were  10  cents  a  dozen  and  butter  10  cents  a  pound. 

Advertisers  of  this  era  included  Bone  and  Guthrie, 
veterinarians;  Fleming  and  Noble,  Wheeler  &  Campbell,  J. 
M.  Hogg,  Pyatt's  Restaurant,  J.  B.  Brock,  jeweler  and  op- 
tician; Bone's  Cash  Shoe  Store,  Ross  Lawrence,  dentist,  D. 
L.  Farm  Equipment  and  Armstrong  Bros.  Hardware. 

By  1926,  the  Echo  had  even  more  advertisers,  its  all-time 
high.  So  a  serial  was  run  called  "Black  Gang,"  and  earlier, 
a  comic  strip,  "Mr.  Henry  Peck  and  His  Family  Affairs." 

On  January,  1900,  C.  E.  Heckler  reached  Bethany,  driv- 
ing a  hayrack.  Immediately,  he  secured  a  job  at  the  Echo. 
For  two  weeks  he  stayed  at  the  three-story  Kendall  Hotel 
until  his  family  arrived  to  enjoy  his  more  than  three 
decades  of  service  with  the  paper. 

Mcllwain  got  much  of  his  news  at  the  busy  depot,  where 
he  interviewed  those  waiting  for  the  train  and  then  the 
arrivals  as  they  dismounted. 

J.  W.  continued  to  publish  The  Echo  until  his  death  in 
March,  1931,  at  the  age  of  64. 

He  had  been  married  three  times.  He  and  his  first  wife, 
Effie  Foster,  had  two  sons,  Elmer  and  George.  She  died  in 
1908  and  George  died  following  a  diving  accident  at 
Wyman  Lake  in  Sullivan  in  1925.  J.  W.  later  married  Mrs. 
Cora  Schwartz,  who  had  two  sons,  Bliss  and  Theodore. 
After  the  death  of  his  second  wife,  Mcllwain  married  Mat- 
tie  Hoskins,  who  survived  him. 

Elmer  Mcllwain  was  running  a  garage  in  Sullivan  when 
his  father  died,  and  he  immediately  sold  his  business  to 
take  over  the  Echo.  Elmer  was  married  in  1920  to  Lois 
McMullin  of  Sullivan,  and  they  had  a  son,  William. 

Elmer  purchased  the  Findlay  Enterprise  from  the  late 
Mrs.  Bonnie  Mauzey  in  August,  1947,  and  printed  it  along 
with  The  Echo. 


Elmer's  son,  Bill,  after  a  hitch  in  the  Navy,  opened 
Mac's  Appliance  and  Refrigerator  Service  in  Bethany. 
Later,  he  and  Harold  (Tuffy)  Rhodes,  the  basketball  whiz, 
opened  a  Rhodes  &  Mcllwain  Hardware  store. 

In  1952,  Bill  decided  to  go  into  the  newspaper  business 
with  his  father. 

Elmer  Mcllwain  suffered  a  heart  attack  in  February, 
1956,  and  died  two  weeks  later  at  the  age  of  59. 

Bill  Mcllwain  then  became  the  publisher  of  The  Echo. 

He  also  started  a  column,  "Thinking  Out  Loud,"  in 
which  he  was  alternately  humorous  and  serious,  nor  did  he 
ever  duck  controversial  subjects. 

Following  the  death  of  Elmer  Mcllwain,  his  widow 
moved  to  Sullivan,  where  she  worked  for  the  Moultrie 
County  News  until  her  death. 

Bill  Mcllwain  married  Marguerite  Shuck,  and  they  have 
three  children,  Cynthia,  Margaret  and  Bill. 

And  his  family  often  helped  him  in  publishing  the  two 

More  and  more  business  houses  were  failing  in  Bethany, 
and  it  became  necessary  to  bring  in  advertising  from  near- 
by towns  to  survive. 

In  August,  1973,  Bill  made  the  decision  to  sell  The 
Bethany  Echo  and  Findlay  Enterprise,  and  he  made  the 
announcement  in  his  column,  explaining  his  reason  for 
selling  after  21  years. 

Mr.  and  Mrs.  Robert  Best,  owners  of  the  thriving 
Moultrie  County  News,  bought  the  two  papers. 

With  the  Sept.  6,  1973  edition,  Mrs.  Best  took  over  as 
editor  of  the  Findlay  Enterprise  and  Mrs.  Janine  Shervey 
as  the  editor  of  The  Bethany  Echo. 

To  keep  up  with  the  changing  times,  the  three  papers  are 
published  in  offset,  which  is  an  improvement  over  hot  type 
and  much  less  expensive. 

Shortly  after  the  sale,  Ruth  Suddarth,  took  over  as  office 
manager  of  The  Echo,  for  which  she  does  much  of  the 

Trained  as  a  bookkeeper,  Ruth  brought  a  sense  of 
business  to  the  newspaper  and  a  realization  of  the  value  of 
time.  She  also  developed  into  a  thorough  and  facile  writer. 

Bill  kept  his  job  printing  press  and  has  been  a  big  help  to 
Ruth  in  tipping  her  off  to  news  sources  as  well  as  cheering 
her  with  his  happy  personality. 


Bill  has  the  voice  of  a  television  announcer,  and  few  can 
tell  a  story  better. 

Many  big  businesses  today  don't  even  know  how  their 
trademark  originated,  and  have  no  thought  of  history. 

The  Bethany  Echo  always  has  been  a  wholesome  paper 
that  doesn't  have  to  be  hid  from  the  children.  It  never  deals 
in  the  sordid  or  the  profane.  Perhaps  the  tone  of  the  Echo 
was  set  in  an  editorial  of  Aug.  15,  1912  by  J.  W.  Mcllwain. 
It  follows: 

"A  good  many  editors  are  said  to  'not  know  much.'  The 
trouble  is  they  know  a  lot  of  stuff  they  do  not  tell.  They 
know  who  drinks  the  beer,  and  they  know  the  ladies  who 
deviate  from  the  straight  path  of  rectitude.  They  know  the 
boys  who  smoke  in  the  alleys  and  dark  places,  and  the  girls 
who  are  out  auto  riding  till  the  roosters  crow  for  daylight. 
They  know  the  fellows  who  are  good  to  pay  and  they  know 
the  fellows  who  cannot  get  trusted  for  a  tobacco  bag  full  of 
salt.  They  could  guess  at  once  why  some  fellows  to  go  Hot 
Springs  and  they  guess  pretty  closely  what  they  do  when 
they  get  there.  Even  in  a  town  like  this,  they  know  enough 
to  make  one  of  the  hottest,  rip-snorting,  double-geared, 
back-action,  chain-lightning  editions  ever  read  but  they 
also  know  it  is  best  for  the  community  and  themselves  to 
let  the  law  take  care  of  humanity's  devilment  and  publish 
only  such  news  as  will  do  to  read  at  the  fireside  and  in  the 
Sunday  School." 


Chapter  13 
Of  Teachers  and  Preachers 

Education  first  came  to  Marrowbone  Township  in  1833 
when  Addison  Smith  taught  the  first  school  in  a  log  cabin. 

Later,  a  Miss  Snyder  taught  in  the  private  residence  of 
Stephen  McReynolds  in  Bethany  in  1871.  Christopher 
Beck  was  the  teacher  in  the  next  Bethany  school,  held  in 
the  second  story  of  Joseph  Smutz'  storehouse. 

James  Robert  Crowder  in  1837  donated  the  land  for  the 
Crowder  School,  which  later  became  Pleasant  Hill. 

The  first  school  house  built  in  Bethany  was  a  frame  one- 
story  building  with  two  rooms,  constructed  in  1874.  Two 
teachers  were  employed. 

D.  F.  Stearns,  county  superintendent  in  1970-71, 
reported  that  413  students  between  the  ages  of  6  and  21 
attended  schools  in  Marrowbone  Township. 

Spelling  and  ciphering  contests  were  contested  between 
country  schools  in  the  early  days. 

There  also  were  accidents.  In  1882,  Prudy  Richardson,  8, 
was  injured  at  school  when  a  boy  pulled  a  chair  back  as  she 
started  to  sit  down.  In  falling,  she  hit  her  head  on  the  chair 
and  damaged  the  mastoid  area.  After  two  weeks  of  ex- 
cruciating pain,  she  died. 

Bethany  High  School  graduated  its  first  class  in  1890. 

In  1887,  a  two-story  frame,  four-room  grade  school  was 
built  in  Bethany.  Atop  it  was  a  bell,  which  called  the 
students  to  school.  Four  teachers  were  employed. 

The  old  two-room  school  was  sold  to  A.  R.  Scott,  who 
moved  it  to  209  W.  Main  Street  for  storage  of  grain.  Later, 
it  was  torn  down  to  make  for  a  firehouse. 

The  new  school  building  provided  steam  heat  in  all 
rooms.  And  there  was  a  bridge  across  the  branch  that 
flowed  across  the  school  yard. 

As  country  school  population  declined,  it  became  dif- 
ficult to  finance  any  of  them.  By  1937-38,  Pleasant  Hill  and 
Lake  Scheer  were  closed.  In  1943,  there  was  no  school  at 
White,  Bushert,  New  Hope,  American,  Younger  and 
Center.  New  Hope  later  reopened. 


Lois  Coombs  taught  this  class  in  1909  or  1910. 

Back   row:    Katharyn    Bone,  Pearl   Smith,   Delia  Smith,   Noble 

Scheer,  Orville  Cunningham,  Frankie  Kennedy. 

Front    row:    Marjorie    Wilkinson,    Marjorie    McGuire,    Frankie 

Redman,   Rollo  St.  John,  Felecia  Guar,  Daisy  Parker  Eskridge 

and  Marjorie  Hogg  Low. 

Back  row:  Porter  Wilkinson,  Fred  Ward  and  the  teacher,  Dora  DeBruler. 
Middle   row:    Scott  Wilkinson,   Fred   Livesey,  unknown,   Ruth   Bankson, 
Mary  Crowder  Clark,  Mable  Rhodes. 

Front  row:  Margaret  Starr,  Marie  Armstrong  Rhodes,  Melvin  St.  John,  Bon- 
nie Warren  Foster,  Mildred  Hudson  Mathias,  Thelma  Parker,  Carl  Gerard. 


By  1946,  only  two  rural  schools  were  operating  in 
Marrowbone  Township  -  -  New  Hope  and  Cropper. 

The  country  schools  have  had  some  notable  teachers. 
The  Rev.  Raymond  McAllister,  the  popular  young 
bachelor  then,  taught  at  Cropper  School  from  1931  to  1934. 

Mrs.  Scott  Dalton  was  recognized  as  one  of  the  best 
country-school  teachers  in  the  state.  She  started  teaching 
in  the  new  King  School,  one  mile  east  of  Dalton  City, 
which  had  an  enrollment  of  42  pupils.  Her  first  salary  was 
$50  a  month.  On  her  retirement,  the  Moultrie  County 
News  gave  her  quite  an  accolade. 

The  article  quoted  her  as  saying:  "You  think  you  can't 
have  a  spelling  class  in  three  minutes.  Well  you  can. 
Another  thing:  you  can  have  two  spelling  classes  at  the 
same  time  —  one  seated  and  another  class  at  the 

The  county  superintendent  of  schools  said  of  Mrs. 
Dalton:  "She's  worth  a  million  dollars  with  a  bunch  of 

While  Bethany  High  School  was  under  construction  at  a 
cost  of  $40,000,  classes  continued  to  be  held  in  the  old 
grade  school  and  the  Methodist  Church  across  the  street.  A 
two-year  high  school  course  was  introduced  in  1900,  and,  in 
1913,  four  years  were  offered. 

The  grade  school  was  razed  in  1926,  and  a  new  four-room 
brick  building  was  erected  the  same  year.  The  structure 
had  a  full  basement;  one  half  used  as  a  play  room  and  the 
other  half  as  a  rest  room  for  girls  on  the  south  and  for  boys 
in  the  middle  and  west  side.  It  was  built  by  O.  E.  Wheeler 
and  Sons. 

The  high  school  gymnasium  also  was  built  by  O.  E. 
Wheeler  and  Sons,  at  a  cost  of  $35,120  and  was  dedicated 
April  1,  1939. 

It  was  financed  by  a  $50,000  bond  issue,  which  also  took 
care  of  conversion  of  the  old  gym  into  four  class  rooms  at  a 
cost  of  $8,000  and  an  electrical  contract  for  $1,529.40. 

In  1960,  the  high  school  needed  more  space,  and  the  ad- 
ditional work  was  awarded  Mark  Wheeler,  O.  E.  Wheeler's 
son,  on  a  bid  of  $205,709.  It  was  financed  by  a  $15,000  bond 
issue . 

Country  schools  were  hard  hit  in  the  Depression  years.  In 
1930,  Lake  Scheer  School  had  only  five  students.  In  1933, 
there  were  four  students,  all  children  of  Jesse  Dick. 


Despite  heated  protests  from  farmers,  the  Bethany  Com- 
munity Consolidated  School  District  No.  68  was  formed  in 
1945  of  these  districts:  Pulltight,  White,  Bushart, 
American,  Bethany,  Pleasant  Hill,  Center  and  Cook.  In 
1948,  the  grade  school  building  was  remodeled  and  enlarg- 
ed to  care  for  the  new  influx  of  rural  pupils. 

In  1969,  the  West  Hudson  school  building  was  torn  down 
to  make  way  for  the  Shelby ville  Reservoir  project.  It  was 
the  school  that  produced  V-Roy,  the  Magician. 

Homer  Keown  bought  the  first  school  bus  in  1942,  which 
was  used  to  transport  pupils  from  their  homes  in  the  coun- 
try to  schools  in  Bethany. 

In  1975,  the  district  had  five  drivers  and  an  alternate. 
Overall,  the  district  employed  67  persons. 

A  big  help  to  all  students  is  the  Bethany  Library,  started 
modestly  in  1926.  For  some  30  years,  Cora  Hudson  was  the 
driving  force  behind  the  library,  long  operated  on  the  sec- 
ond floor  of  the  Scott  State  Bank  Building. 

The  Library  is  now  more  conveniently  located  on  Main 
Street,  across  from  The  Echo  office. 

The  new  librarian  is  pretty  Joann  Groves,  a  skilled 
librarian  and  the  most  helpful  one  you  will  find  in  the  na- 

Joann  has  expanded  the  library  and  is  constantly  add- 
ing new  magazines. 

The  first  church  in  Bethany  was  the  Cumberland 
Presbyterian,  organized  May  14,  1831,  by  the  Rev.  James 
David  Foster  in  the  home  of  Capt.  James  Fruit. 

In  1832,  a  log  cabin  was  built  where  the  Soldiers'  monu- 
ment now  stands  in  the  old  section  of  the  Bethany 
Cemetery.  Called  the  Bethany  Cumerland  Presbyterian 
Church,  the  structure  stood  until  1854,  when  it  was  re- 
placed by  a  frame  building  costing  $2,200. 

The  Rev.  James  N.  Hogg,  an  early  minister  of  the 
church,  is  buried  on  the  spot  where  the  pulpit  was  located. 

The  frame  church  lasted  until  1884,  when  a  brick  struc- 
ture replaced  it. 

Dissension  broke  out  among  the  members  of  the 
Cumberland  Presbyterian  Church,  and  the  C.P.  flock 
broke  away  from  the  others  and  held  their  services  in  the 
Vadakin  Opera  House  until  their  present  building  was 
erected  in  1911. 


The  Presbyterian  Church,  founded  July  3,  1906  by  G.  H. 
Silvius,  built  its  present  brick  structure  in  1916. 

St.  Isadore's  Catholic  Church  was  founded  Aug.  14,  1863 
by  A.  Voghl;  the  Oak  Grove  Baptist  in  1868  by  Joseph 
Perryman;  the  Methodist  in  1870  by  Joseph  Shartzer; 
Christian  in  1875  by  Elder  Orgot;  Free  Methodist  June  30, 
1890  by  Edward  Cryder. 

Bethany  early  in  the  century  sent  two  missionaries  into 
foreign  fields.  Miss  Jennie  Freeland  went  to  Japan,  where 
at  first  she  was  considered  a  white  devil  and  not  permitted 
to  land. 

Sunday  School  class  at  the  Methodist  Church,  early  1900's. 
Back  row:   Glenn  Brewer,  Ava  McKinney,  Madge  McLaughlin, 
Melva  Hoskins  Snyder.  Front  row:  Nita  Niles  Reams,  Ella  Shep- 
herd, Daisy  Parker  Eskridge,  Russell  Wright. 

Dr.  0.  T.  Logan  went  to  China.  After  arriving,  he  suf- 
fered an  appendicitis  attack.  He  told  his  wife  how  to 
operate  on  him,  and  she  did  it  successfully.  He  later  was 
shot  by  an  insane  Chinese. 

Katharyn  Bone  of  the  remarkable  Bone  family  taught  for 
years  in  country  schools  and  in  Bethany  Grade  School,  and 
later  did  substitute  teaching. 

Many  wonderful  teachers,  as  well  as  preachers,  have 
come  and  gone,  touching  the  lives  of  Bethany  youngsters  in 
such  a  way  as  to  make  them  better  citizens. 


I  should  know  for  I  am  married  to  a  former  Bethany  High 
School  teacher,  the  erstwhile  Kathleen  Smith,  who  taught 
home  economics. 

Every  person  who  attended  Bethany  High  School  or 
Grade  School  has  his  own  favorite  teacher,  as  I  have  mine. 

In  grade  school  my  mind  was  on  sports  and  other  things. 
In  Bethany  High  School,  Lola  Peterson,  who  later  became 
Mrs.  Clifford  Smith,  also  a  Bethany  teacher,  gave  me  a 
firm  understanding  of  English  grammar  in  her  Latin 

And  so  many  boys  and  men  have  told  me  that  Loren 
Brumfield,  long  principal  at  Bethany  Grade  school,  "had 
straightened  them  out." 


Chapter  14 
Some  Left  to  Achieve  Success 

Bethany  has  sired  several  successful  men  who  followed 
diverse  trails,  most  riding  their  boyhood  hobbies  to  the 
promised  land. 

The  prime  example  is  Jim  Wilkinson,  a  1931  graduate  of 
Bethany  High  School,  who  made  his  avocation  his  voca- 
tion. Wilkinson,  who  lives  near  Prescott,  Ariz.,  has  become 
America's  No.  1  big  game  hunter  and,  at  the  same  time,  he 
operates  a  lucrative  gun  shop,  attached  to  his  palatial 

Wesley  Jones,  who  grew  up  in  Bethany,  later  became  a 
Senator  from  Seattle,  Wash. 

Will  Guthrie,  another  son  of  Bethany,  rose  to  one  of  the 
West's  most  successful  lawyers,  working  out  of  Twin  Falls, 

Another  Bethany  boy,  John  R.  Fitzgerald,  blossomed  out 
of  as  one  of  Decatur's  leading  lawyers. 

Bob  Crowder.  a  1929  graduate  of  Bethany  High  School, 
rates  as  the  leading  interior  designer  in  the  sprawling  Los 
Angeles  area.  He  stresses  the  Japanese  motif. 

Crowder,  well-known  for  his  exquisite  murals  and 
screens,  began  studying  and  painting  with  the  Japanese 
masters  when  he  first  went  to  the  Orient  as  an  instructor  in 
the  Imperial  University.  The  paintings  from  Crowder  are 
distinctive  works  of  art,  treasured  by  their  owners. 

Jim  Ashmore  became  a  big-time  college  coach  of  football 
and  golf.  Late  in  life,  he  was  elected  Macon  County  clerk 
and  died  in  office.  His  sister,  Lillie  Ashmore,  was  ap- 
pointed to  finish  his  term. 

As  a  boy  in  Bethany,  Virgil  Hampton  became  enchanted 
with  magic.  And  it  was  to  be  his  life's  work.  Today,  known 
all  over  the  nation  as  V-Roy,  he  is  a  worthy  successor  to 
Harry  Houdini,  Blackstone,  Thurston,  et  al. 

But  Hampton  considered  Ed  Reno,  the  best  all-around 
magician,  and  he  patterned  his  career  after  Reno's. 


V-Roy  grew  so  skilled  and  adroit  with  his  hands  that  in 
1971  CBS  did  a  documentary  on  him. 

He  suffered  a  setback  in  1974  when  one  of  his  lungs  was 
removed,  and  V-Roy  was  hospitalized  for  two  months.  The 
operation  reduced  the  volume  of  his  voice,  so  needed  in  his 

On  the  road,  V-Roy  carries  a  staff  of  six.  Paul  Watson 
and  Maurice  Minor,  both  of  Bethany,  work  for  him. 

Hampton  is  now  teaching  two  of  his  grandchilren,  Lisa 
and  Kimberly  Tomlinson,  magic  so  they  can  join  his  act. 

V-Roy  quit  Bethany  High  School  before  graduation,  for 
he  had  so  many  offers  and  he  felt  that  a  diploma  wouldn't 
help  his  presentation. 

As  a  youth  he  frequently  was  used  by  Dr.  James  H. 
Vadakin  in  his  Opera  House. 

"I  became  a  good  friend  of  Doc,"  said  V-Roy.  "In  those 
days  he  wore  a  red  toupee." 

He  first  hit  the  road  in  1926  with  the  John  Robinson  Cir- 
cus, in  which  he  served  as  a  sideshow  magician. 

A  fine  musician,  V-Roy  played  with  the  Bethany 
Concert  Band  when  home  in  the  summer.  And  in  1928,  he 
performed  with  the  Al  Flosso  Carnival  Band. 

V-Roy  had  his  most  amusing  experience  in  1950,  when 
he  was  called  to  perform  in  Alberta,  Canada. 

"Eddie  and  Ruth"  were  supposed  to  be  the  act  but  they 
couldn't  make  it.  So  Irving  Grossman,  the  booking  agent, 
wanted  V-Roy  to  use  that  name,  so  familar  in  Canada. 

Naturally,  V-Roy  didn't  like  it. 

Then  so  many  persons  seemed  so  thrilled  to  see  V-Roy 
that  the  promoter  found  out  that  he  was  better  known  in 
Canada  than  he  realized.  So  he  let  him  use  his  own  name. 

Wherever  he  goes,  V-Roy  usually  runs  into  someone  from 
Bethany.  Playing  Oklahoma  City  once,  he  was  met  back 
stage  at  performance's  end  by  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Chase  Coffey, 
who  had  driven  in  from  a  nearby  state. 

Chase,  well-groomed  and  polite,  is  the  well-respected 
son  of  Dr.  and  Mrs.  R.  C.  Coffey,  the  doctor  who  so  long 
served  Bethany  so  well. 

But,  for  thrilling  experiences,  no  other  Bethany  man  is 
in  it  with  Jim  Wilkinson. 

Take  the  time  he  was  in  Rhodesia,  Africa,  for  the  Big 
Five,  and  he  caught  sight  of  rhinoceros  tracks  in  the  heavy 


With  him  was  the  white  hunter,  Andrew  Holmberg,  a 
Britisher,  plus  three  spear-carrying  natives  from  the  San 
Buru  tribe. 

They  rode  for  three  hours,  under  a  blazing  sun,  and  now 
they  could  hear  the  beast  going  through  the  brush.  They 
dismounted  and  crept  slowly  through  the  thickets,  aware 
that  the  rhino  has  good  hearing.  A  rancid  odor  of  decaying 
vegetation,  crushed  berries  and  bodies  of  small  animals 
distrubed  the  stillness  in  their  advance. 

As  they  drew  near,  Wilkinson's  jacket  caught  on  a 
branch,  and  it  made  a  noise  as  it  snapped  back  after  he  had 
disengaged  the  garment.  They  were  near  a  clearing  and  the 
rhino  heard  them. 

The  monster  turned  around,  snorted  and,  with  head 
down,  raced  toward  Jim,  who  was  in  the  lead.  Wilkinson 
wanted  one  with  a  big  horn  but  one  on  this  whopper  was 
short.  So  he  didn't  want  him.  He  thought  the  rhino,  like 
other  animals,  would  charge  and  then  stop. 

Holmberg  cried  out  from  the  rear:  "Shoot,  you  damned 

The  enraged  animal  was  now  10  yards  from  Wilkinson  as 
he  raised  his  custom-built  458  Magnum  and  fired  at  his 
head.  The  rhino  staggered  but  still  started  to  come  on 
again.  Then  Wilkinson  killed  him  with  a  shot  into  the 

"I  didn't  want  this  one,"  Jim  told  Holmberg. 
"You  had  no  choice,  buddy,"  replied  the  Englishman. 
"If  you  had  waited  three  seconds  longer,  we'd  all  be  bloody 

Wilkinson,  who  has  hunted  all  over  the  world,  got  his  Big 
Five  on  that  trip:  elephant,  rhino,  cape  buffalo,  lion  and 

Before  Wilkinson  killed  his  lion,  it  almost  frightened  the 
natives  out  of  their  skin.  The  lion  had  been  killing  cattle  in 
the  area,  and  the  natives  warmly  greeted  the  hunters. 

Jim  killed  a  zebra,  and  it  was  suspended  from  a  tree  near 
where  the  lion  had  appeared,  so  that  the  lion  could  only 
nibble  at  it  and  not  drag  it  away.  They  then  dug  a  blind 
near  the  tree  and  crawled  into  it.  Luckily,  the  native 
helpers  covered  it  well  with  brush. 

They  were  in  the  blind  for  only  a  few  minutes  when 
Wilkinson  noticed  the  eyes  of  the  natives  had  become  as 


large  as  saucers  and  that  they  were  trembling.  This  puz- 
zled him.  When  he  started  to  ask  what  was  the  trouble, 
Holmberg  put  his  finger  over  his  mouth  to  indicate  silence. 

The  lion  was  sniffing  around  the  blind,  and  the  natives 
had  looked  squarely  into  his  eyes.  Fortunately,  his  scent  is 
poor  and,  since  vultures  were  circling  the  zebra,  the  lion 
moved  on  to  feed,  As  he  jumped  up  to  drag  down  a  piece  of 
meat,  Wilkinson  raised  his  284  Magnun  and  brought  him 
down  dead. 

They  also  put  out  bait  for  the  leopard  and  constructed  a 
blind  in  a  nearby  tree.  Wilkinson  then  left  to  hunt  other 
game  after  telling  the  natives  to  let  him  know  if  the  leopard 

It  was  mid-afternoon  when  he  received  word  that  the 
leopard  was  back.  As  they  entered  the  blind,  birds  were 
chirping  and  a  monkey  was  scampering  around  the  hide- 
out, and  Wilkinson  feared  it  would  tip  off  the  leopard. 

Lying  still  on  the  boards,  the  men  waited  for  several 
hours.  Twilight  had  now  arrived.  Wilkinson  kept  his  rifle 
trained  on  the  bait.  Suddenly  a  paw  appeared  in  the 
darkness,  and  Wilkinson  fired  his  magnum. 

"What  in  the  world  were  you  shooting  at?"  asked 

"I  killed  the  leopard  —  a  big  one,"  Jim  relied. 

"How  could  you  see  him?  I  couldn't  see  a  damned  thing 
in  the  dark!" 

"Through  the  scope,"  said  Wilkinson.  "You  can  see 
better  through  it  in  the  dark." 

"Well,  I  bet  you  didn't  hit  anything,"  rasped  Holmberg. 

Slowly  they  approached,  and  their  flashlights  showed 
that  Wilkinson  had  indeed  killed  a  large  leopard. 

For  the  cape  buffalo,  they  built  a  blind  near  where  the 
herd  came  to  graze.  A  few  hours  passed  before  the  buffalos 

With  the  fastidiousness  of  a  bibliophile  picking  precious 
books  from  a  shelf,  Wilkinson  sorted  out  the  herd  in  mind's 
eye  till  he  finally  found  the  biggest  bull  with  the  biggest 
horns.  He  fired  at  the  heart.  The  buffalo  ran  for  a  cluster  of 
trees  nearby  and  disappeared.  Jim  waited  to  hear  the 
death  bellow  they  always  make  before  dying.  Once  he 
heard  it,  the  men  moved  in  and  took  the  head,  leaving  the 
rest  of  the  carcass  for  other  animals  to  enjoy. 


He  went  on  to  get  his  Big  Five. 

One  of  Wilkinson's  most  tiring  hunts  came  in  1974  in  the 
Caucasus  Mountains  of  Russia.  This  time  he  was  after  the 
tur,  which  has  characteristics  of  both  the  ibex  and  the  stag. 
The  mountains  rise  15,000  feet,  and,  after  Wilkinson  and 
his  friend,  Jim  Turner,  had  climbed  6,000  feet,  they  caught 
sight  of  a  herd  of  some  25  turs.  Frightened,  the  turs  took  off 
toward  the  other  side  of  the  mountain. 

Immediately,  Jim  raised  his  magnum,  focussed  his 
sights  on  a  big  one  and,  from  600  yards,  hit  him  on  the  rear 
end  before  he  could  scamper  around  the  corner  and  out  of 
range.  Because  of  the  steepness  of  the  mountain,  the  two 
men  had  a  struggle  in  the  cold  holding  onto  the  200-pound 
tur  as  they  descended. 

Wilkinson  rates  as  one  of  50  men  in  North  America  to 
perform  the  Grand  Slam  by  killing  four  species  of  North 
American  sheep:  dall  in  Alaska,  stone  in  British  Columbia, 
Rocky  Mountain  big  horn  in  Idaho  and  desert  big  horn  in 

In  India,  in  1970,  Wilkinson  and  his  Shikar  went  after  a 
ferocious  tiger  that  had  been  killing  the  natives'  bullocks. 

Jim  and  his  aides  constructed  a  machan  in  a  tree  near 
the  field  where  the  bullocks  grazed.  The  tiger  has  excellent 
eyesight  but  is  weak  on  scent. 

After  waiting  patiently  on  their  stomachs  for  more  than 
an  hour,  Wilkinson  saw  the  tiger  slipping  through  the  high 
grass  about  50  yards  away.  Since  the  birds  were  making  a 
commotion  in  the  trees,  Jim  decided  to  try  for  him  right 
then.  He  fired  a  bullet  into  the  heart.  Enraged,  the  tiger 
sprang  forward,  but  a  second  shot  to  head  dropped  him. 

On  one  trip  to  Alaska,  Jim  brought  home  a  69-inch  horn 
spread  of  a  moose,  and  it  gained  him  a  mention  in  the 
Boone  &  Crockett  Big  Game  record  book.  He  also  bagged  a 
dall  ram  and  a  Yukon  grizzly. 

The  goatee-like  clump  hanging  under  the  throat  of  the 
moose  is  known  as  a  "bell."  It  appears  in  both  sexes  and 
sometimes  reaches  the  length  of  36  inches  in  a  young  male. 

Wilkinson  was  a  whiz  in  manual  training  at  Bethany 
High  School,  and  he  later  worked  several  years  in  the 
Wilkinson  Lumber  Yard  in  Bethany,  where  he  gained  a 
knowledge  of  carpentry. 


Near  Prescott,  he  built  his  own  home  and  gun  shop, 
which  is  attached  to  it.  And  there  rest  all  the  main  trophies 
of  his  worldwide  hunts. 

The  gun  shop  is  dominated  by  a  hugh  white  polar  bear, 
rising  12  feet  on  his  hind  legs.  It  was  shot  in  the  Berring 
Straights  between  Alaska  and  Siberia,  after  Jim  had 
tracked  it  for  40  miles  through  deep  snow  and  tempera- 
tures 30  degrees  below  zero.  Behind  the  bear  on  the  wall  ; 
are  the  heads  and  horns  of  his  Grand  Slam  in  mountain 

Entering  Jim's  den,  you  are  shocked  by  the  size  of  the 
moose  head,  as  well  as  of  the  water  buffalo,  about  the 
toughest  animal  to  take. 

Looking  as  if  it  is  strolling  across  the  room  is  a  550-pound 
black-maned  lion,  which  Jim  killed  in  Kenya.  He  was  old 
and  smart  and  tough  to  find,  even  though  he  crept  in  at 
night  to  eat  the  ranchers'  cattle. 

Looking  even  more  menacing  is  the  man-eating  tiger  Jim 
brought  down  in  India. 

Wilkinson  makes  all  sorts  of  rifles  to  the  specifications  of 
the  buyers.  He  uses  fine  California  walnut  and  choice  wood 
from  all  over  the  world.  The  wood  is  then  sent  to  his  friend, 
Bob  Hopper,  of  Decatur,  111.,  who  creates  the  rifle  stock  to 
the  weight  and  size  preferred  by  the  client. 

Jim  also  uses  engravings  on  the  metal  of  his  rifles.  For 
example,  one  of  his  rifles  carries  the  likeness  of  his  Grand 
Slam  in  sheep. 

In  the  fall  of  1974,  Wilkinson  because  the  first  American 
to  hunt  in  Mongolia,  controlled  by  Russia. 

He  first  had  to  fly  to  New  York  to  secure  a  Russian  visa, 
and  then  to  London  for  a  Mongolian  visa. 

Jim  got  Mongolia's  permission,  for  the  government  is 
anxious  for  tourist  trade,  and  officials  felt  hunting  to  be  the 
principal  attraction. 

With  him  went  two  of  his  Arizona  friends. 

"The  forest  trees  were  so  close  together,  it  was  difficult 
to  hunt,"  said  Wilkinson.  "And  the  game  doesn't  venture 
into  the  open  spaces." 

The  Mongolians  in  charge  knew  little  about  hunting. 
The  Mongolian  interpreters  became  drunk  and  delayed  the 
trip  more  than  a  day. 

"We  had  flown   into  Ulan  Bator,  the  capital  of  the 


Mongolian  People's  Republic,  from  Frankfort,  West  Ger- 
many. The  flight,  made  in  a  Soviet  prop  jet,  had  four  stops 
in  Siberia  and  took  11  hours. 

"I  didn't  realize  the  vast  scope  of  Siberia  before.  They 
have  new  cities,  hydroelectric  plants,  steel  mills  and  vast 
wheat  fields.  They  have  at  least  15  Alaskas  worth  of 

On  reaching  Ulan  Bator,  the  men  were  put  in  charge  of 
the  Mongolian  Intourist  agency,  which  puts  strict  limits  on 
what  they  could  see.  Each  hunter  was  assigned  an  inter- 
preter, all  well-versed  in  Communist  propaganda. 

Ruby  Wilkinson,  Jim's  wife,  is  a  stamp  collector,  so  Jim 
brought  home  many  stamps.  Some  contained  photos  of 
Lenin,  others  of  wild  game. 

The  hunters  were  put  up  in  a  good  hotel  in  Ulan  Bator, 
where  tourists  always  are  assigned. 

After  two  days  there,  the  hunters  and  their  interpreters 
boarded  a  single-engine  bi-plane  for  a  small  village  near 
the  Russian  border. 

There  they  were  picked  up  by  a  Russian-made  four- 
wheel  drive  truck  and  driven  another  30  miles  over  open 
countryside  to  a  small  town  where  they  met  three 
horsemen  and  three  local  guides,  one  for  each  of  the 

The  men  slept  in  Yertas,  portable  huts  used  by  native 
Mongolians.  Each  contained  enough  for  three  persons  to 
sleep,  plus  a  stove  and  table  for  eating. 

Jim's  most  vivid  memory  of  the  trip  came  the  night  he 
and  his  interpreter,  guide  and  horsemen  were  separated 
from  the  others. 

It  began  raining  that  night  so  Jim's  interpreter  moved 
his  sleeping  bag  into  Wilkinson's  tent,  bringing  with  him  a 
stack  of  food,  including  onions  and  raw  meat. 

"The  combination  of  the  food  odors  and  the  snoring  of 
my  interpreter,  in  the  tightly  zipped  tent,  made  sleeping 
difficult.  It  seemed  strange  to  me  to  be  in  a  strange  tent 
with  a  snoring  Communist,"  Jim  mentioned. 

The  hunt  was  for  five  animals:  bear,  boar,  moral  deer, 
roebuck  and  giant  Mongolian  moose.  Together,  they  ac- 
counted for  only  two,  a  roebuck  and  a  moral  deer,  despite 
the  thickness  of  the  forest. 

The   interpreters  had  doubts  about  the  visit  for  the 


government    didn't    want    America    to    know    how    the 
Mongolians  live. 

However,  Wilkinson's  horseman  invited  him  to  spend  a 
day  in  his  home,  a  log  cabin  such  as  existed  in  America  in 
its  early  days.  The  cabin  had  one  room  with  a  board  floor. 
The  only  light  was  provided  by  candles.  The  furniture  con- 
sisted of  a  primitive  iron  stove  in  the  center  of  the  room, 
three  single  beds  along  the  walls  and  a  cabinet  where  horse 
milk  was  stored  for  fermentation. 

The  Mongolian  made  every  effort  to  make  Wilkinson 
welcome.  He  gave  him  a  cup  of  tea,  seasoned  with  salt.  Jim 
managed  to  get  it  down.  Then  came  the  fermented  horse 
milk,  even  harder  to  swallow. 

And,  when  Jim  left  the  next  day,  the  horseman 
presented  him  with  a  pipe.  Jim  gave  him  a  fresh  pair  of  his 
thermal  underwear. 

The  hunting  party  was  the  biggest  thing  that  ever  had 
happened  in  the  village.  Everyone  —  some  50  —  gathered 
to  look  at  the  hunters  and  their  guns  before  they  departed. 
It  was  the  first  time  they  had  seen  white  men. 

There's  no  part  of  the  world  in  which  Jim  Wilkinson  has 
not  hunted,  so  no  other  Bethany  resident  gets  around  as  he 

Born  and  reared  in  Bethany,  Jim  started  going  to 
Arizona  in  summer  as  a  youngster,  after  his  father  had 
purchased  land  there.  His  brother,  Jasper,  was  the 

In  the  early  morning  Jim  would  ride  out  into  Lonesome 
Valley  and  watch  cowboys  working  their  herds.  And  in  the 
evening,  he  would  sit  by  the  fireside  and  read  the  most  ex- 
citing hunting  stories  he  could  find.  As  a  teenager,  in  1933, 
he  started  hunting  in  earnest. 

The  more  Jim  pursued  Western  game,  the  more  in- 
terested he  became  in  improving  guns  and  amunition.  He 
began  making  his  own  custom  guns  and  handloading  the 

He  returned  to  Bethany  to  work  in  his  father's 
lumberyard  and  marry  his  sweetyeart,  Ruby.  But  he 
couldn't  get  Arizona  off  his  mind. 

So,  in  1946,  the  Wilkinsons  moved  to  Prescott,  Jim  fell 
in  love,  too,  with  Lonesome  Valley,  five  miles  east  of 
Prescott,  and  he  bought  a  tract  of  land  there,  just  in  front 


of  a  granite  hill,  and  there  he  built  his  home  and  gunshop, 
named  Rifle  Ranch. 

Big  game  hunters  from  all  the  nation  gather  there  to 
swap  experiences,  look  over  Jim  Wilkinson's  awesome 
trophies  and  perhaps  order  a  special  gun  from  him. 


Chapter  15 
Centennial  Farms  Keep  Bethany  Sound 

Farm  families  around  Bethany  since  1900  have  kept  the 
village  financially  sound  through  ever  year's  cornucopia  of 

Many  farms  have  remained  in  one  family  for  a  century, 
and  have  been  rewarded  by  the  Illinois  State  government 
with  a  Centennial  certificate.  They  would  include  the 
Marrowbone  Township  farms  of  Alvin  Stark,  Robert 
Snyder,  Elmer  Wilkinson  and  Lloyd  Younger,  Jr. 

We'll  consider  here,  Younger's,  as  one  is  much  like  the 
other.  His  great-grandfather  came  to  Marrowbone  in  a 
covered  wagon  in  1866. 

A  great-grandfather,  William  Younger,  arrived  in 
Marrowbone  near  the  end  of  the  Civil  War,  leaving  behind 
10  children. 

To  get  his  family  to  Marrowbone,  he  returned  to  the 
south  at  night.  Daytime,  he  slept  in  caves,  for,  if  he  were 

Lloyd  Younger,  Jr.  is  pictured  on  his  self-propelled  drill, 
drill  is  used  to  sow  soy  beans  in  a  standing  crop  of  wheat. 



found  by  Confederate  soldiers,  he  would  be  shot.  He  finally 
arrived  safely  in  the  East  and,  after  the  war,  brought  his 
family  back  with  him. 

William  Younger  bought  a  farm,  south  of  Bethany. 
Lloyd  Younger,  Jr.'s  grandfather,  James  Younger,  added 
40  acres  at  $1  an  acre.  Gradually,  he  bought  more  land  as 
he  could  afford  it.  The  Youngers  also  raised  pigs,  cows, 
chickens  and  vegetables  and,  in  1895,  they  made  another 
land  purchase,  at  $4  an  acre. 

Lloyd  Younger  Sr.  and  Hugh  Younger  increased  the 
family  acreage  which  is  now  farmed  by  Robert  Younger 
and  Danny  Coleman,  who  married  Lloyd's  and  Gwen's 
daughter  Cherie. 


Chapter  16 
Bethany's  Future  Glows  Bright 

Bethany  used  to  be  the  place  to  flee;  today  it's  the  place- 

This  is  because  of  the  creation  in  1970  of  the  great  $56 
million  Lake  Shelbyville,  which  laps  up  to  Bethany's 

The  lake  offers  approximately  250  miles  of  shoreline,  and 
11,100  surface  acres  of  water. 

In  1975,  the  lake  had  three  Marinas:  Fox  Harbor,  near 
Sullivan;  Lithia  Springs,  at  Shelbyville,  and  the  third  at 

The  purpose  of  Lake  Shelbyville  is  for  the  development 
of  the  Kaskaskia  River  Basin  for  flood  control,  water  sup- 
ply and  wildlife  conservation,  recreation  and  downstream 
water  quality  control. 

Hunting  and  fishing  are  excellent  around  the  lake. 

More  than  five  million  fingerlings  of  northern  pike, 
walleye  and  smallmouth  bass  have  been  planted  in  the 
lake  by  the  Illinois  Department  of  Conservation.  The  other 
fish  available  are  crappie,  sunfish  and  channel  cat. 

To  provide  good  upland  game  hunting  more  than  6,000 
acres  of  the  upper  reaches  of  the  lake  have  been  licensed  to 
the  Illinois  Department  of  Conservation  for  wildlife 
management  purposes.  Offered  are  squirrels,  cottontails, 
and  bobwhite  quail,  plus  waterfowl. 

Camping  is  also  permitted  in  certain  areas  around  the 
lake,  including  Coon  Creek  and  the  Sullivan  Access,  which 
are  equipped  with  complete  electrical  hookup,  laundry  and 
shower  building,  along  with  a  trailer  and  camper  sanitary 
dump  station. 

And  many  scenic  picnic  areas  beckon. 

But  most  of  all,  it  is  a  lake  for  boating  and  water  sports, 
including  swimming  and  skiing. 

It  has  been  estimated  that  about  half  of  the  Bethany 
homes  have  a  boat. 

"Has  the  lake  brought  many  new  businesses  to 
Bethany?"  the  writer  asked  Mary  Scott,  vice  president  of 
the  Scott  State  Bank. 


"Only  one  bait  shop,"  she  replied.  "But  one  thing,  it  has 
done  is  to  keep  the  youngsters  in  Bethany  after  they  have 
been  graduated  from  high  school." 

So  many  Decatur  executives  now  own  boats,  anchored  at 
the  Findlay  Marina. 

Jim  Beaumont,  a  Staley  executive,  is  among  the  many 
who  keep  a  cruiser  there.  Beaumont  is  an  old  friend  of 
mine,  for  we  worked  together  on  the  Decatur  Review. 

Parties  are  the  big  things  with  the  Decatur  nabobs,  who 
never  know  when  they  will  have  to  throw  one.  Bill  Rhea, 
the  friendly,  Findlay  undertaker,  has  been  hired  by  several 
Decatur  firms  to  keep  their  boats  stocked  with  food  and 
refreshments,  and  operates  some  of  the  cruisers. 

Rhea  is  surprised  that  more  business  houses  haven't 
opened  in  Bethany.  At  1,300  population,  it  is  much  larger 
than  it  was  50  years  ago  when  it  had  more  businesses. 

Certainly  a  soft  ice  cream  stand  would  go  big  on 
Highway  121  in  Bethany  since  it  would  get  the  boat  trade, 
as  well  as  the  tourists  and  the  citizens  of  Bethany,  who  no 
longer  have  a  soda  fountain. 

But  Bethany  most  of  all  is  a  successful  farm  community 
that  will  grow  larger  as  the  worldwide  demand  for  grain  in- 
creases yearly. 

Marrowbone  was  covered  by  prairie  grass  for  thousands 
of  years  so  the  soil  is  still  so  rich. 

The  topography  of  Moultrie  County  is  idea  for  farming, 
being  between  640  and  700  feet  above  sea  level.  The  land  is 
flat  but  rolls  gently  upward  along  the  slopes  of  the 
Kaskaskia  River. 

Moultrie  has  182,700  acres  of  excellent  cropland,  which 
makes  up  83  per  cent  of  the  total  county  area.  Centuries  of 
decay  of  the  prairie  grass  has  made  the  soil  most  fertile. 
The  county  also  has  9,900  acres  of  land  suited  for  pasture 
and  6,400  acres  for  woodland. 

Today  the  major  crops  are  corn  and  soybeans.  Minor 
crops  include  rye,  oats  and  wheat. 

Many  farmers  are  now  using  crop  residue  by  leaving  it  on 
the  land,  especially  corn  and  bean,  through  the  fall  and 
winter  months.  The  crop  residue  protects  the  soil  from 
wind  and  water  erosion. 

The  lake  has  brought  into  Marrowbone  many  sportsmen 
interested  in  boating  and  fishing,  and  many  housing  sub- 


divisions  are  going  up  in  Bethany  and  other  nearby  com- 

Farmers  and  retired  farmers  also  are  flocking  to  the  lake 
for  boating  and  fishing.  It  is  easier  for  them  to  get  a  loan 
from  Fred  Young  at  the  Scott  State  Bank  for  they  have  the 
best  security. 

To  make  sure  the  Shelbyville  Lake  fish  are  well  taken 
care  of  the  Moultrie  Soil  and  Water  Conservation  District 
employs  Rod  Horner,  a  fishing  biologist. 

While  the  lake  will  give  lasting  recreation  to  generations 
ahead,  it  is  the  farmers  who  will  keep  Marrowbone  finan- 
cially sound  and  ever-growing. 


Graduates  of  Bethany  High  School 

Class  of  1889 
Tittle,  Lee 
Scott,  Hugh 
Mulholland,  Westley 
McGuire.  Rachel 
Jones,  Nellie 

Class  of  1890 
Mitchell,  S.  A. 
Kennedy,  .John 
Freeland,  John 
Fitzgerald,  John 
Crockett,  Erma 

Class  of  1892 
Wheeler,  Reta 
Walker,  Florence 
Scott,  Etha 
McGuire,  Anna 
Kennedy,  Dora 
Jones,  Irene 
Hogg,  Maud 
Herman,  Edgar 
Edward,  Ruth 
Edward,  Minnie 
Crowder,  Delia 
Atkins,  Jennie 

Class  of  1893 
Butts,  Clara 
Edwards,  Claire 
Hill,  Gertrude 
Rhodes.  Orpha 

Class  of  1894 
Rhodes,  John 

Class  of  1895 
Scott,  Troy 

Class  of  1897 
Bone,  Roy 

Crowder,  T.  H.  (Hick) 
Fruit,  Etta 
Hill,  Mayme 
Hogg,  Margaret 
Hudson,  Grace 
Kennedy,  Mary 
McDavid,  Edna 
Roney,  Walter 

Class  of  1898 
Ashmore,  James 
Walker,  Stella 

Class  of  1900 

McCord,  Emma 
Walker,  Grace 

Class  of  1902 
Armstrong,  Vira 
Crowder,  Bernice 
Elder.  Lula 
Hunting,  Gertrude 

Class  of  1903 
Bacon,  Ethel 
Bankson,  Ellis 
Cole,  Fred 
Crowder,  Clio 
McGinnis,  Goldie 
Riggin,  Grace 
Roney,  Barton 
Sampley,  Charles 
Wiley,  Veva 

Class  of  1904 

Camphell,  Marvene 
Collier,  Belle 
Creech,  Goldie 
Hale.  Trena 
Stradley,  Ethel 

Class  of  1905 

Henneberry,  Anne 
MilleY,  Robert 
Niles,  Leila 
Roney,  Laura 
Hatfield,  Dozie 
Crowder,  Pearl 
Crowder,  Mayme 
Crowder,  Harrison 
Collier.  Blanche 

Class  of  1906 
Bacon.  Lura 
Bone,  Lola 
Hill,  Otis 
Logan,  Lucille 
McGuire,  Virgil 
Mayberry,  Fred 
Mitchell,  Ellis 
Nice,  Mary 
Waggoner,  Ubrica 

Class  of  1907 

Coombes,  Deborah 
Crowder,  Lois 
Dedman,  Marie 
Doner,  Alice 
McGuire,  Orville 
Roney,  Bertha 
Roney,  Oscar 
Travis,  Fleta 

Class  of  1908 
Davis,  Thomas 
Florey,  Ivadene 
Hale,  Herschel 
Kennedy,  Millie 
Mayfield,  Edna 
Scheer,  Raymond 

Class  of  1909 
Collier,  Jennie 
Coombs,  Amy 
Crowder.  March 
Esry.  Gertrude 
Livesey,  Ancil 

Lytle.  Fred 
McAmis,  Roby 
McGuire,  Margaret 
Moad,  Osa.  L. 
Stables,  Harry 
Ward.  Mabel  Era 

Class  of  1910 
Bankson,  Leota 
Crowder.  Ella 
Kennedy,  Florence 
Livesey,  May 
Majors,  Opal 
Marlow,  Roy 
McGuire,  Mildred 
Roney,  Lester 
Shields,  Grace 
Wilkinson,  Jackson 

Class  of  1911 
Brown,  Clyde 
Carlyle,  Raymond  E. 
Crowder,  McKinley 
Davis,  Ida 
DeBruler,  Juanita 
Esry,  Margaret 
Gilliland,  Harold 
Han.  May 
Low,  Charles 
Reams,  Eva 
Travis,  Earl  S. 

Class  of  1912 

Bankson.  Leonard 
Bone,  Merel 
Birkhead,  Ola 
Brown,  Cleo 
Crowder,  William 
McLaughlin,  Lyal 
Roney,  Treva 
Selby.  Ruth 
Starr,  Velma 
Walker,  Bernice 
Wilkinson,  Helen 

Class  of  1914  (1st  4-year  class) 
Fewell,  Inez 
Kennedy,  Luella 
Lumsden,  Helen 
Sampley,  Orville 
Younger,  Blanche 
Younger,  Russell 

Class  of  1915 
Livesey.  Fred 
Livesey,  Vira 
McCord,  Viola 
Smith,  Myrtle 
St.  John,  Melvin 

Class  of  1916 
Hudson.  Mildred 
Maxey.  Bessie 
Parker,  Thelma 


Scott,  Helen 
Starr,  Margaret 
Woolen,  Margaret 
Younger,  Hugh 

Class  of  1917 
Bone.  Lillis 
Goetz,  Hazel 
Heckler,  Susie 
Mathias,  Joe  L. 
Sampley,  Minnie 
Walker,  Harper 
Ward,  Russel 

Class  of  1918 
Armstrong,  .Jack 
Birkhead,  Zae 
Crowder,  Mary 
Esry.  Velma 
Fletcher,  Grace 
Fuqua.  Clarence 
Hoskins,  Melva 
McGuire,  Josephine 
McLaughlin,  Madge 
Niles.  Nita 
Ogle,  Fern 
Rhodes,  Milbra 
Sampley.  Effie 
Sharp,  Eva 
Watson.  Loretta 

Class  of  1919 
Bone.  Kathryn 
Brown,  Venus 
Burns,  Clarence 
Crowder,  Ray 
Cunningham,  Orval 
Hogg.  Marjorie 
Rhodes.  Valeria 
Wilkinson.  Marjorie 

Class  of  1920 

Armstrong,  Madge 
Birkhead,  Crystal 
Crowder.  Helen 
Ciirard.  Leafel 
Low,  Marjorie 
McGee,  Margaret 
Nuttal,  Ruth 
Queen.  Boyd 
Queen.  Eva 
Smith,  Fjuphama 
Thomas,  Beatrice 
White.  Helen  Lucille 

Class  of  1921 

Crowder.  Frederick 
Harned.  Hazel 
McGee,  Gladys 
Mathias.  Hobart 
Mulholland.  Gertrude 
Ogle.  Helen 
Parker,  Mabel 
Simpson,  Laveta 
Starr,  Luella 
Wood,  Josephine 

Class  of  1922 
Baird.  Sally 
Birkhead,  Theodore 
Bone,  Paul 
Brock,  Maurine 

Brock,  Wayne 
Conlin,  Loretta 
Conlin.  Teresa 
Crowder,  Dorothy 
Crowder,  Gladys 
Cunningham.  Guy 
Davis,  Beulah 
Dewalt.  Ray 
Dick,  Opal 
Esry.  Donnis 
Fitzgerald,  Margaret 
Goetz,  Florence 
Hoskins,  Robert 
Holly,  Sopha 
Logan.  Thomas 
Mathias,  Lois 
McCord,  Florence 
McCord,  Zola 
McLane,  Reba 
McLane,  Von 
Oathout,  Walter 
Pesch,  Marvin 
Sharp.  Hugh 
Thomas,  Edgar 
Walton,  James  B. 
Ward.  Virgil 
Warren,  Dale 
Weidner,  Allane 

Class  of  1923 
Coombes,  Clyde 
Davis,  Stanley 
Davis,  Thelma 
Hendricks,  Erma 
Lambdin.  Ruby 
Mathias,  Dorothy 
McCord,  Margaret 
McElroy,  Bernice 
Moore,  Edna 
Oathout,  Mabel 
Ray,  Ellis 
Saylor,  Glen 
Scott,  Opal 
Travis,  Dillen 
Wilkinson,  Jasper 
Younger,  Jessie 
Younger,  Donald 

Class  of  1924 

Alexander,  Hazel 
Allen.  Fern 
Clark,  Francis 
Coventry.  Ethel 
Fitzgerald.  Dan 
Harding,  Wallace 
Hawley,  Verna 
Leitch,  Lawrence 
Majors,  Coleen 
Murphy,  Mary 
Patterson,  Floyd 
Reuss,  Horace 
Stocks.  Beulah 
Tueth,  Paul 
Warren,  Zella 
Williams,  Lura 
York.  Harold 

Class  of  1925 
Boyer,  Freda 
Fitzgerald,  Alice 
Kennedy,  Hillis 

McGee,  Mary 
McCord,  John 
McCord,  Ethel 
Reuss,  Lawrence 

Rhodes,  Beulah 

Scott,  Robert 

Sharp,  Ruth 

Schultz,  Mary 

Walton,  Joe 

Wilkinson,  Arthur 

Wood,  Fleta 

Wood,  Luella 

Woolen,  Dorothy 

Zook,  Robert 

Class  of  1926 
Cole,  Harold 
Cordray,  Dorothy 
Coultas,  Erin 
Ekiss,  Marie 
Feist,  Harold 
Fitzgerald,  Agnes 
Fogarty,  Wm. 
Grace,  Paul 
Kennedy,  Frances 
Lansden,  Katherine 
Lansden,  Lucile 

Leitch.  Margaret 

Mitchell,  Diamond 

Nihiser,  Blanche 

Parker,  Perry 

Pesch.  Ethel 

Powers,  Thelma 

Ray,  Leona 

Roney,  Robert 

Stables,  James 

Travis,  Amon 

Travis,  Dortha 

Wagamen,  Beulah 

Ward,  James 

Ward,  Lorandean 

Wheeler,  James 

Class  of  1927 

Ambrose,  Rose 

Barnett,  Walker 

Brown,  Helen 

Clark,  Ruby 

Dalton,  Walter  Amon 

Hemer,  Juanita 

Jones,  Lucille 
Manship.  Edward 
McCord.  Donald 
McReynolds,  Florence 
Mitchell,  Elizabeth 
Rhodes,  Harold 
Rhodes,  Hazel 
Roney,  Hester 
Sharp,  Mildred 

Class  of  1928 
Black,  Mattie 
DeBruler,  Pauline 
Oibbons,  George 
Hiler.  Ruth 
Leitch,  Ruth 
Marlowe,  Mary  Ellen 
Nutterfield,  Diamond 
Oathout,  Orvil 
Sanner,  Daniel 
Scott.  Anna  Jane 
Sharp,  Helen 


Smull,  Feme 
Tarr,  Dantzell 

Wagemann,  Robert 
VanMeter,  Imelda 
Warren.  Ella 
Wheeler,  Mary  Dorcas 
Wilkinson.  Lillian 
Woolen,  Faye 

Class  of  1929 
Beebe,  Wilma 
Clark,  Mary 
Conley,  Goldie 
Craig.  Wayne 
Crowder,  Robert 
Davis,  Cubadell 
Dedman,  Hyllis 
Dick,  Hollis 
Esry.  Dolson 
Fitzgerald.  Everett 
Freeland.  Helen 
Hudson.  Thomas 
Marshall,  Wilmer 
McElroy,  Cleo 
McReynolds.  Dora  Dean 
Nuttal,  Ralph 
Scott,  .Julia 
Scott,  Walter 
Stocks,  Lois 
Tueth.  Daniel 
Watson,  Harold 
Younger,  Opal 

Class  of  1930 
Allen,  Orville 
Armstrong,  Margaret 
Autenrieth,  Rolland 
Cotner,  Mary 
Dawson.  Henry 
Dedman,  Doris 
Dedman,  George 
Low,  Yemil 
Ekiss,  Paul 
McCord,  Frederick 
McReynolds.  Bernice 
Oathout,  Gladys 
Roney,  Charles 
Sanner.  Geneva 
Scott,  Joe 
Shiels,  James 
Snow,  James 
Stewart,  Rosemary 
Wheeler.  Mark 

Class  ol   1931 
Clark.  Glen 
Davidson.  Nellie 
Dowers.  Vida 
Ekiss,  Virginia 
Foster,  Frances 
Freeland,  Gayle 
Hankla,  Faye 
Harding.  Jacob 
Hogg,  Francis 
Lancaster,  Ralph 
Marlow,  Freda 
Mitchell.  Alexander 
Pesch,  Lula 
Roney,  Robert 
Scott,  James 
Tinnea,  Aubrey 
Ward,  Zenneth 

Warren.  Dorothy 
Weidner,  Mary 
Wilkinson,  . lames 

Class  ol   1932 
Conley,  Wilma 
Ci 'trier,  Jewell 
IteBruler,  Wanda 
Ekiss,  Deva 
Esry,  Talvia 
Foster,  Dorothj 
Grabb,  June 
Lancaster.  Forrest 
Leitch.  Esther 
Scheer.  Madge 
Schwartz,  Koehler 
Swiney,  Robert 

Class  of  1933 
Ball.  Clarence 
Coffey,  Chase 

C.le,  Clyde 
Cribbet.  Wilba 
Ekiss,  Gevene 
Ekiss,  Kenneth 
Ekiss.  Richard 
Hampton.  Rosemary 
Jones.  Harold 
Lancaster.  Wilbur 
McCain.  Mardelle 
Mallinson.  Ray 
Marshall,  Dale 
Marshall.  Howard 
Mathias,  Emerson 
Moore.  Dorothy 
Nihiser,  Lloyd 
Roney.  Joe 
Roney.  Mervin 
Scott.  Rodney 
Sharp.  Ralph 
Smith,  Helen 
Smith,  Scott 
Snow,  Harry 
Stewart,  Virginia 
Swiney,  Donald 
Thompson,  Estol 
Tipsword,  Merwyn 
Warren,  Ralph 
Williams.  Milbra 
Yarnell.  Katherine 
Younger.  Harold 
Younger.  Lloyd.  Jr. 

Class  of  1934 
Adams,  Coleen 
Baird,  Donald 
Bobbitt,  Dorothy 

Bresman,  Mary  Margaret 
Burrows,  William 
Bushart,  Virginia 
Clark.  Wayne 
i  lowger,  Vivian 
Craig,  Madge 
Daum,  Gwendolyn 
Davisjon.  Mars 
Ekiss.  Alberta 
Grabb.  Loren 
Lancaster,  Mildred 
Moody.  Edwina 
Reedy.  Robert 
Shatter,  Ralph 
Thompson,  Raymond 

Tohill,  Robert 
Travis,  Oscar 
White,  Margaret 
\\  illiamson,  Joe 

Class  of  1935 
Bell.  Josephine 
Cordray,  Patrick 
Daum.  Frances 
Ekiss.  Robert 
Lemons,  Mary 
Carlyle.  Nadine 
Crowder.  Tom 
Davis,  Marvin 
Davidson.  Marie 
Freeland.  Jacqueline 
Funk.  Madona 
Mallinson,  Howard 
Mathias,  Oran 
McCord.  Evalyn 
McCord,  Robert 
Misenheimer,  William 
Oathout,  Howard 
Price.  Kenneth 
Roney,  Ralph 
Roney,  Sarah 
Rule.  Opal 
Rule.  William 
Scott,  Troy  Jr. 
Shatter.  Ruby 
Smith,  Virginia 
Stewart,  John 
Swiney,  George 
Taylor,  Gwendolyn 
Taylor,  Quentin 

Class  of  1936 
Baird,  John 
Bandy,  Faye 
Bobbitt,  Roberta 
Bunning.  Mabel 
Burrows,  Esther 
Bushert,  Louise 
Crane,  Joseph 
Cribbet,  Mary 
Dick,  Leroy 
Ekiss.  Joe 
Garrett,  Catherine 
Ekiss,  Marjorie 
Gordon.  Maxine 
Green.  Paul 
Heneberrv.  Eugene 
Hudson.  Harold 
Lindley.  Harlan 
Low.  Seth 
McCain.  Genevieve 
McLaughlin,  Helen 
Marlow,  March 
Marlow,  Roy,  Jr. 
Mathias.  Marvin 
Moon,  Harold 
Schwartz,  Roger 
Scroggins,  Izola 
Shelton.  James 
Stocks,  Thomas  W. 
Warren,  Kenneth 
Weakly.  Melvin 
White.  Mildred 

Class  of  1937 
Carlyle.  Elaine 
Carlvle.  Elmer 


Clark.  Hazel 
Dawson,  Robert 
DeBruler,  Martha 
Derry,  Aster 
Eskew,  Florence 
Evans,  June 
Foley,  Irene 
Fulk.  Paul 
Garrett,  -lack 
Heneberry.  Dorothy 
Hudson.  .James 
Lancaster.  Dorothy 
Landers.  Naomi 
Lumsden,  Robert 
Mathias.  Minor 
Moon.  Paul 
Oathout.  Vernon 
Reed.  Faye 
Rowe.  Eugene 
Shaffer,  Raymond 
Smith.  Lloyd 
Smull,  Earl 
Sporleder,  -lune 
Stewart,  Betty 
Taylor,  Margery 
Weakly,  Thomas 

Class  of  1938 

Bobbin .  Richard 
Brown.  Dorothy  .Jean 
Craig.  Russel 
<  'nhbet.  Richard 
Daum,  Dons 
Daum.  William 
Davisson.  Donald 
Dickson.  George 
Fulk,  Anita 
GoetZ,  William 
C.reen,  Ella  -lane 
Green.  Eugene 
McLaughlin.  Harold 
Marlow.  Mildred 
Miller.  Marvin 
Mitchell.  Virginia 
Orris.  Keith 
Pettypool,  Carmel 
Reeter.  Eldon 
Schwartz.  Eugene 
Scott.  Marjorie 
Snow.  Nellie  Marie 
Sporleder,  Helen 
Strain.  Robert 

Class  of  1939 
Bone.  Robert 
Burrows.  Evelyn 
Burrows,  Melvin 
Cole.  Betty 
Cole.  Wallace 
Cordts.  Richard 
Coventry.  Pauline 
F^kiss.  Rosemerel 
Foster.  [Ida  Mae 
I  ioetz,  .John 
Cordon.  Forest 
Hudson.  Leo 
•Jones.  .June 
Ketcham.  .Juanita 
Mi  Council.  Marvin 
Millwam.  Bill 
McReynolds,  Bessie 
Marshall,  Wayne 

Mathias.  Esther 
Moody.  Mary 
Pasley.  Zelma 
Pettypool.  Charles 
Schenkel.  Eugene 
Scott.  Jacques 
Shelton,  George 
Smith,  Dorothy 
Stradley.  Luther 
Warren,  .James 
W'eidner.  Betty 
Younger.  Mary  Kathyrn 
Tipsword,  Dorothy 

Class  of  1940 
Clark.  Bonnie 
Davis.  Vera 
Davis,  Richard 
Dick,  Leona 
Egnor.  Robert 
Foley.  Eloise 
Fulk.  Geraldine 
Grabb.  Dorothy 
Grace.  Marjorie 
Patient.  Frank 
Heneberry.  Allane 
Ketcham.  Melvin 
Moon.  Bill 
Reedy.  Evelyn 
Schwartz.  Grace 
Shelton.  Helen 
Sims.  Dorothy 
Smith.  Paul 
Stocks.  -Jean 
Wright.  Paul 
Wright.  Pauline 

Class  of  1941 
Baird.  Roger 
Brewer.  Kenneth 
Bushert.  Maurice 
Clark.  Ruth 
Coventry.  Wayne 
Egnor,  -lunior 
F.kiss.  Eleanor 
F^kiss.  Frances 
Ekiss,  Mary  Florence 
Ekiss,  Sam 
Hilliard.  Erma 
Hogan,  Richard 
Jones,  Wendell 
LaCost.  Eileen 
LaCost,  Ray 
Livergood,  .lack 
Marlow.  Marvene 
McCain.  Bob 
Minor.  Maurice 
Pettypool.  Loyal 
Saddoris.  Wayne 
Schwartz.  Fred 
Shaffer,  Robert 
Smith,  Marjorie 
Stewart.  Dorothy 
Stewart,  Gene 
Stewart,  .loe 
Weakly.  Wayne 
Willmore,  Anna  Margaret 
Winnings.  .loan 
Robertson.  Billie 

Class  of  1942 
Walters,  -Jack 

Watson,  Lois 
Sanner.  Coleen 
Rhodes,  Betty 
Reedy,  Georgia 
Moon,  Raley 
LaCost,  Dale 
Heneberry.  William 
Heneberry.  Maurine 
Davis.  Gerald 
Carpenter.  George 
Weakly.  Darrell 
Turner,  Mary 
Turner,  Isabelle 
Standerfer,  Wayne 
Sporleder.  Hugh 
Scroggins.  Valria 
Scott,  John 
Sanner.  Austin 
Rule.  Maxine 
Moore.  Betty 
Marshall.  June 
Hudson.  Hester 
Gordon,  Lester 
Goetz,  Maurine 
Garrett,  Patricia 
Foley,  Helen 
I  (avis,  Robert 
Cruit,  Gwendolyn 
( Iribbet,  Max 
I  'ole,  Joe 
Bone,  Don  Lee 
Bartimus,  Loraine 

Class  nt  1943 
Baird,  Paul 
Briscoe.  Lora 
Bushert,  Craig 
Cordts.  Cleo 
Coventry,  Carl 
(run.  E.  H 
Davidson.  Nelson 
F.kiss.  Lucille 
Foster.  Jack 
Goetz.  Dorothy 
Kennedy.  Billie  Jack 
LaCost.  Bill 
Lumpp,  Eloise 
McCain.  Betty 
Marlow.  Inez  Gevene 
Martin.  Donald 
Reeter.  Errol 
Robertson,  Frances 
Saddoris.  Don 
Snyder.  Elaine 
Travis.  Pauline 
Tueth.  Charles 
Turner,  Helen 
Winson,  Jean 

Class  ot   1944 
Ward.  Lavonne 
Martin.  Marjorie 
Younger,  Carolyn 
Adcock,  Tom 
Bartimus.  Nelda 
Bland.  Mary  Barbara 
Bone.  Joe 
Briscoe.  Juanita 
Brown.  Hazel 
Burrows.  Glen  M. 
Clark.  Betty 
Cochran.  Nellie 


Cole.  Mars    l.oii 

I  look,  Betty 
Cook,  Marj 
I  !ox,  Mildred 
Cribbet,  Rex 
Garman,  Martha 
Garrett,  Bob 
Heneberry,  Jack 
Milliard.  Alice 
Johnson,  Bet  tie 
Keown,  Dale 
Keown,  Gale 
Lesley,  Bob 
Mathias,  Dim 
Morris,  Marj  Margaret 
Pearson,  Charles 
Pritts,  -lack 
Queen,  Janice 
Reeter,  Maurice 
Roby,  Frank.  Jr. 
Sanner,  Jaj .  Jr. 
Sanner,  Kelly 
Sharp.  Dick 
Snyder,  Boh 
Snyder,  Eleanor 
Steele,  Herman 
Willmore,  Doris 

Class  ol  1945 

Bland.  Mars- 
Brewer.  Bill 
Brown,  Maxine 
Cordts,  Btielah 
Coventry,  <  iladys 
Cruit,  Smith 
Kreeland,  Lee 
Garman,  Jim 
i  loetz,  George 
i  loetz,  Rose  Marie 
Keown,  Jack 
LaCost,  Sarah 
Lumpp,  Ro^er 
Piers'on,  Betty  Rose 
Orris,  John 
Sanner,  Bill 
Shatter.  Russell 
Smith.  Lila 
Smith.  Marjorie 
Twenty,  Barbara 
Warren.  Richard 
Wilkinson,  Hillis 

Class  ol   [946 
Bone,  Lora  Mae 
I  lenton,  Ku^ene 
Karris.  Bill 
Florey,  Jean 
i  Virginia 
Keown,  Harold 
Little.  Norma 
Livergood,  Robert 
Marshall,  Valeria 
Mitchell,  Virginia 

Queen,   Barbara 
Rhodes.  John  A. 
Travis,  Dora  Lee 
Tueth,  Irene 

( loleman,  Florence  Louise 
Fitzgibbons,  Francis,  Jr. 
Shelton,  Charles 
Walton.  Joseph 

Wilkinson.  Shirley 
Younger,  Verl 

Class  ol  19-47 
Bone.  Jim 
Boyer,  Baird 
Burrows,  Margaret 
Fitzgibbons,  Robert 
Garman,  Mars 
Goetz,  Mars  Jane 
Hudson.  Joyce 
Johnson.  Mabel 
Keown.  Dora 
Little,  Kensil 
McBridge,  Clayton 
Met  lee,  Ras 
McReynolds,  Dons 
Marshall.  Jim 
Mitchell.  Mars  Jane 
Morris.  Emma  Lou 
Nichols.  Barbara 
I'arris.  Jean 
Pearson,  Scott 
Primmer,  Bob 
Shadow,  Rowena 
Sims.  Betty 
Smith.  Wayne 
Tipsword,  Bill 
Turner,  Klsie 
Warren.  Don  Gene 

Class  ot   1948 
Bone,  Jack 
Brown,  Lawrence 
Brown,  Shirley 
Clark.  James 
Cook.  Robert 
Cruse.  Irma  Lee 
Foster.  Joe 
Goddard,  Betty 
Goddard,  Clem.  Jr. 
( loetz,  James 
Heneberry,  Joe 
Lesley.  Ted 
Low.  F'laine 
Moon.  Klla  Mae 
Reeter.  Lynette 
Stocks.  Joan 
Sutton.  Bill 
Shelton.  Wayne 
Scribner,  Bill 
Walton.  Shirley 
Younger,  Joan 

Class  ol   1949 
Austin.  Robert 
Baird,  Mars   Crace 
Clark.  Ardith 
Clark.  Charles  Francis 
Cordts.  Robert 
Heneberry,  David 
Heneberry,  Donald 
LaCost,  l.oretta 
Keown.  Robert 
Marlow.  As  is 
Met  lee.  Kenneth,  Jr 
Pritts,  Darrell  (G.E.D.) 
Scott.  Glyndola 
Scott.  Msrta 
Sharp.  Jim 
Stables.  Valette 
Tipsword,  Norma 

Trulock,  •  'larence 
Walton,  James 
Wright,  Wanda 

Class  ol    1950 
Bland,  Martha 

Brewer,  Robert 

Brown,  Donald 
Burrows,   Nellie  Marie 
I    iris  le.  Norma 
Clark.  Jos 
Cruse,    Belts 
Hamilton.  Sandra  Lee 
Johnson.  Kas 
Keown,  Douglas 
Malone,  I  lonald 
Manship,  Carlin  Joe 
Merold.  Yvonne 
Perisho,  James  R. 
Powell,  Jerres  Jane 
Reedy,  Peggj 
Rhodes.  Lila  Lu 
Wampler.  William 
Ward.  Donna 
Wilkinson.  Porter,  Jr. 
Younger,  Robert 

Class  of  1951 
Austin.  Cdenn 
Bartimus,  Marjorie 
Cribbet,  Myron 
Dick.  Darlene 
Dinwiddie,  Darlene 
Keown,  Dons 
Keown,  Jim 
Lai  lost,  John 
Lillico,  Evelyn 
Little.  Glen 
McReynolds,  Phyllis 
Majors,  Herbert  A. 
Majors.  Howard 
Marshall.  Maxine 
Morris.  Bill 
Perisho,  Darrell 
Phillips,  Phil 
Stables,  Torn 
Tinnea,  Leroy 
Tipsword,  James 
Wagemann,  Maxine 
Wheeler.  Mary  Ruth 

Class  ol   1952 
Bland.  Bill 
Boyer,  Robert 
Carlyle,  Helen 
(  arls  le.  Juanita 
Carlyle,  Ollie 
Florey.  Joan 
Freeland,  Isabel 
Goetz,  Beverly 
Gregory,  Joann 
Heckler.  Karl 
lleustis.  Lyle 
Hudson,  Louise 
Jackson.  Jim 
Malone.  Joyce 
Marlow,  Janet 
Moore.  Marian 
Oathout,  Phyllis 
Pusear.  Bill 
Fitzgibbons,  David 
W  .ii  nil.  Mervin 


Taylor,  Dean 
Queen,  Mama 
Sill,  Harold 
Tinnea,  Gene 
Utsler,  Nora 
Walton,  Becky 
Ward,  Mary  Martha 
Wheeler,  Jack 
Wheeler,  .Jim 
Wheeler,  Patricia 
Wimmer,  David 

Class  of  1953 

Coventry,  Kenneth 
Dalton,  Martha 
Dick,  Hollis  Allen 
McDevitt,  .Jerry 
Miller,  Marsha 
Morris,  Jeanette 
Morris,  Genell 
Pasley,  Joe  (G.E.D.) 
Queen,  Bob 
Saddoris,  Jim 
Schwartz,  Jolene 
Sharp.  Joanne 
Tipsword,  John 
Wheeler,  Phyllis 

Class  of  1954 
Austin,  Helen 
Bartimus,  Ralph 
Bland,  Dale 
Bone.  Margaret 
Boyer,  Dick 
Cruse.  Alberta 
Fabley,  Perry 
Gaither,  John 
Gerkin,  Floyd 
Goetz,  Lyle 
Gregory,  Tom 
Hudson,  Jennie 
Johnson,  Bob 
LaCost,  Patricia 
McGee,  Robert 
McReynolds.  Ullian 
Merold,  Carrel 
Miller,  Francine 
Oathout,  Kenneth 
Shipman,  Joyce 
Smith,  Norma  Jean 
Tinnea,  Beverly 
Wampler,  Doris  Elaine 
Sill,  Barbara 

Class  of  1955 

Bennett.  Harry  L. 

Bland,  Irma  Faye 

Boros.  Bill 

Coventry,  Jack 

Crane,  Lewis.  Jr. 

Cutler.  Jack 

Graham.  Charles  (by  transfer) 

Heckler.  Sharon 

Herendeen.  Lloyd 

McReynolds,  Marjorie 

McReynolds,  Wayne 

Puyear,  Janet 

Queen.  Ilene 

Queen,  Paul 

Smith,  John 

Tohill,  Gene 

Tohill.  Joan 

Ward,  Jerry 

Wheeler,  Shirley 
Younger,  Cherie 

Class  of  1956 
Barnes,  Janet 
Bartimus,  James 
Betzer,  Chester 
Brown,  Helen  Jane 
Brown,  Jack 
Brown.  Nadine 
Gaither,  James  H. 
Cray.  Burl 
Hampton.  Harold 
Jackson,  David 
McKinney,  Sandra 
Mitchell,  Arnold  Dean 
Pettypool,  Nancy 
Puyear,  Dean 
Rutherford,  Ann 
Scott.  Mary  Jo 
Sharp,  Dorotha 
Stocks,  Kay 
Sutton,  Doris 
Thomas,  Nancy 

Class  of  1957 
Barnes,  Phyllis 
Barnes,  Sandra 
Bennet,  Gerald 
Book,  Roy 
Brown.  Howard 
Crane,  Ronald   . 
Elder,  Jeanne 
Garrett,  Ronnie 
Heckler,  Shirley 
Kirkwood,  Sarah 
Lumsden,  Judith 
Miller.  Violet 
Pntts.  Carolyn 
Pntts,  Faye 
Sheehan,  Tom 
Shonk,  Diane 
Sims,  Jackie 
Stroyeck,  Bruce 
Taylor.  Janet 
Tucker.  Eddie 
Twenty.  Mary  K. 
Walen.  Jon 
Ward,  Wayne 

Class  of  1958 
Ball,  John 
Barnes,  Bob 
Bennett,  Carol 
Boros.  Gene 
Brown,  Joyce 
Brown.  Judith 
Clark.  Judy- 
Crane,  Jack 
Dick,  Ellen 
Hudson,  Jean 
Hungate.  Stewart 
Marshall.  Fred 
Oathout.  Audrey 
Poole.  Joe 
Schwartz.  Janet 
Shonk,  Linda 
Sims,  Larry- 
Wheeler,  Gale,  Jr. 
Windell.  David 
Yakey,  Janet 

Class  of  1959 
Barnes,  Dwayne 
Boros.  Rhoda 
Clark,  Helen  (G.E.D.) 
Craycroft,  Sharon 
Dick.  Linda 
Fitzgerald,  Jim 
Freeman.  Don 
Gaither.  Marilyn 
Gaither,  Mary  Ann 
Gibbons,  Paula 
Greenwalt,  Walter 
Heckler.  Mary 
Jarand.  Roger  L. 
Lumsden,  Mary 
Manship.  Jennie 
Marshall.  Nina 
Matheson,  Dale 
McKinney.  Dale 
McReynolds,  Keith 
Mescher,  Larry 
Mescher,  Linda 
Miller.  Dee 
Pasley,  Jon  H. 
Patrick,  George 
Phillippo.  Larry 
Reed.  Keith 
Schwartz.  Joe 
Schwartz.  Kay 
Sharp,  Carol 
Shonk,  Sandra 
Smith,  Janice 
Strauch,  James 
Stroyeck,  Carol 
Tucker,  David 
Wheeler,  Sue 
Wheeler,  Tom 
Younger,  Rita 

Class  of  1960 

Bosomworth,  Lyndol 
Breitman,  Jeff 
Davis,  Nancy 
Dukeman,  Jim 
Gregory,  Patsy- 
Johnson,  Philip 
Marshall,  Joe 
Moody,  John 
Poole,  Sue 
Pritts,  Ronald 
Rowe,  Judy- 
Rutherford,  Richard 
Saddoris.  Dick 
Schwartz.  Mary- 
Settle.  Bill 
Sharp,  Richard 
Stinson,  Linda 
Dick.  Judy- 
Smith.  David 
Stocks.  Thomas  E. 
Sutton.  Dean 
I'tsler.  Dean 
Wat  kins,  David 
Wheeler.  Barbara 
Yarnell,  Roger 
Ziems.  Gale 

Class  of  1961 
Armer.  LaYelle 
Barnes,  Sandra 
Bennett.  Larry 
Bennett.  Patty 


Carroll,  Linda 
Davis.  Marilyn 
Fultz,  Max 
Kirkwood,  Gene 
McReynolds,  Dean 
Patient,  Linda 
Patrick,  Sue 
Schwartz.  Lou  Ann 
Shelton,  Barbara 
Shelton,  Beverly 
Shelton,  Dave 

Sims.  Bill 
Smith.  Troy 
Stout.  Linda 

Tucker,  Alice 
Taylor.  Bill 

Thomas,  Linda 
Whit  rock,  Jon 
Yarnell.  Gary 
Zeims,  Leiloni 

Class  of  1962 
Bonis,  Renee 
Cochran.  Galene 
Crane,  Steve 
Dowdell.  Clifford 
Ekiss,  Paul  I  Pete) 
Emel.  Richard 
Emel,  Roger 
Emel,  Ronald 
Freeman,  Kay 
Fox,  Manio 
Garrett.  Richard 
Gift.  Cathy 
Jackson,  Joyce 
Kelly.  Velma 
Kidwell.  Richard 
McLaughlin,  John 
Martin,  Don 
Moody,  Gary 
Pasley.  Sharon 
Pearce.  Ruth 
Ray,  Nancy 

Reynolds.  Roger  (G.E.D.: 
Robinson.  Linda 
Schwartz.  Shirley 
Stinson,  David 
Thompson.  Rozann 
Utsler,  Linda 
Ward.  Pauline 
Yarnell,  Mick 

Class  of  196J 
Book,  Donald  G. 
Brewer.  Daniel  K. 
Butt,  Nancy 
Carroll,  Mike 
Cole,  Gene 
Cordray,  Verl 
Crowder.  Larry 
Davis,  Virgil.  Jr. 
Ferguson,  Shirley 
Fitzgerald,  Imogene 
Gordon,  Bill 
Guthrie,  Larry  Joe 
Hampton.  Shirley  Lee 
Lillico,  Linda 
McLaughlin,  Jim 
McReynolds,  Tom 
Marshall.  Joyce 
Orris,  Mary  Ann 
Ozee.  Philip  Roger 

Parsons,  Porter 

Payne,  Phyllis 
Reynolds,  Jerry 
Rutherford.  Jeanie 
Sharp.  Elaine 
Sharp,  Marilyn 
Shelton.  Mike 
Smith.  Judy 
Springer,  Randy 
Stinson,  Sharon 
Stocks.  George,  Jr. 
Sweeney.  Kenneth 
Walker,  Barbara 
Walton.  Daniel 
Ward,  Carol 
Ward.  John 
Warner.  Brenda 
West.  Robert 
Wheeler,  Cheryl 
Wilson,  Jim 
Younger,  Emmajean 

Class  of  1964 
Armer,  Tom 
Arthur,  Carol 
Barnes,  Linda 
Bland.  Charles  Alan 
Bosomworth,  Kevin 
Breitman.  Jerald 
Butt,  Dixie 
Edgecomb,  Steven 
Garrett,  Gerald 
Goetz.  Barbara  Jean 
Jackson,  Ruth  Ann 
Kidwell,  Gaylene  Farris 
Kluge.  Karen 
McCain.  Joseph 
Miller.  Billy  Jo  (G.E.D.) 
Miller,  Connie 
Moody.  Kay 
Muzzy.  Shirley 
Pasley,  Marcia 
Payne,  Oda 
Pritts,  Joyce 
Sanner,  Sandra 
Reedy,  Susan 
Scott,  Myron  Lee  (Sam) 
Sees,  Milton 
Smith,  Beverly 
Snyder,  Paul 
Walker,  David 
Whitely,  Neal 

Class  of  1965 
Aschermann,  Larry 
Book.  Sam 
Bruce,  Linda 
Carlyle.  Clyde 
Collins,  Charles 
Crowder,  Richard 
Dick,  Linda 
Dowdell,  Everett 
Gaither,  David 
Goetz,  Billie  Sue 
Green.  Robert 
Gregory.  John  (G.E.D.) 
Holland,  William 
Kirkwood,  Rose 
Kluge.  Donna 
Lamb,  Richard 
Mathias,  Sandra 
McCorvie,  Archie  E.  Ill 

McLaughlin,  Richard 
Orris.  Mike 
Patient.  Aaron 
Reedy.  Linda 
Ray,  Carrol 
Robinson.  Danny 
Sanner.  Constance 
Settle,  Loran.  Jr. 
Shelton,  Dianne 
Smith,  Linda 
Smith.  Susan 
Stocks.  Ann 
Thomas,  James  W. 
Thompson,  Deloris 
Tipsword,  David  R. 
Vanatta.  Deborah 
Yarnell,  James  F. 
Yarnell.  James  L. 

Class  of  1966 
Armer,  John 
Brewer.  Dean 
Butt,  Sandra 

Cochran,  James  (by  transfer) 
Cole,  Pam 
Davis,  Jerry 
Dowdell.  Darrell 
Garrett,  Mike 
Gibbons,  Linda 
Jackson,  Carolyn  Sue 
Jarand,  Alan 
Kirkwood,  Anna 
Kirkwood,  Ron  L. 
Lamb,  Ann 
Lesley,  Helen 
Marshall.  Pat 
McCain.  Danny 
Mcllwain,  Cynthia  Ann 
Muzzy.  Terry 
Parsons.  Martin 
Pritts,  Joan  (G.E.D.) 
Reedy,  Pat 
Settle,  Alverna 
Schwartz,  Zona 
Scott,  Jack.  Jr. 
Speer,  Arthur 
Tueth.  Judi 

Utsler,  Melvin  (G.E.D.) 
Webb.  Wanda 
Welch.  Darrell 
Wimmer.  Diane 
Yarnell,  Duane 
Ziems,  Mike 

Class  of  1967 

Ascherman.  Douglas 
Ball,  Donald 
Barnes,  Larry 
Beachy,  Floyd  A. 
Bland,  Judy 
Book,  Velma 
Brewer,  Michael 
Brown,  Stephen 
Carlyle,  Mary  E. 
Carroll.  James 
(lark,  Jerry  L. 
Clark,  Sharon  K. 
Cordray.  Verral  E. 
Crane,  Karen 
Davis.  Wm.  Timothy 
Dick,  Larry 


Dowdell.  Carolyn 
Fendley.  Dennis 
Ferguson,  Dennis 
Gordon,  Thomas 
Herendeen.  Douglas 
Hoskins,  Thomas 
Kirkwood,  Carolyn  Diane 
Martin.  Richard 
Mescher,  Dwaine 
Payne.  Harold.  Jr. 
Pearce,  Elmo  R. 
Roby,  Emily 
Rowe,  Wm. 
Russell,  Joseph 
Shonk,  Christine 
Smith.  Marilyn 
Snyder,  Sarah  .Jane 
Vanatta,  Rex 

Class  of  1968 
Armer,  Mary 
Beachy.  Karen 
Bickers.  Michael 
Burrows.  Douglas 
(lark.  Jeffrey 
Crib  bet,  Gregory 
Cruit,  Smith,  -lr. 
Davis,  Homer 
Dick.  Stanley 
Freeland,  Zane 
Freeman.  Barry 
Furr.  Kathy 
Gibbons,  ( lary 
Goetz,  Kathy 
Gordon,  -James 
Hickenbottom,  Ronald 
Johnson,  Michael 
McCorvie,  Nancy 
Miller,  Trinka 
Mitchell,  Bruce 
Nance,  Zena 
Payne,  Jo  Ellen 
Reeter,  .Julie 
Sanner.  Cynthia 
Schwartz,  John 

Scribner,  Phyllis  Cordon  (G.E.D.) 
Smith,  Pam 
Thompson,  Linda 
Thompson,  Stanley 
Underwood,  Kathleen 
White.  Robert  Terry 
Ziems.  Kathy 

Class  of  1969 
Brewer,  dene 
Book.  Eddie 
Cole.  Paula 
Collins.  Michael 
Crowder,  Roger 
Farris,  Rebecca 
Fitzgerald.  Ellen 
Fleshlier.  George 
Florey,  Robert 
Gibbons,  Don,  Jr. 
Gift,  Cynthia  (by  transfer) 
(list.  Steven 
Holthaus,  Rayne 
Hooper.  Myla 
Lesley.  Patti 
Loy,  Alan 
Mathias.  Shiela 
McCoy,  Candace 

Mcllwain,  Margaret 
Muzzy.  Sharon 
Miller,  Danny 
Noblitt,  Lincoln 
Payne,  Linda 
Risley,  Nancy 
Russell,  Thomas 
Schwartz.  Deborah 
Smith,  Forrest  M. 
Snyder,  David 
Spence,  Paula 
Thomas,  James 
Thompson,  Teresa 
Tipsword,  Stanley 
Wilson,  Dee 
Wrise,  John 

Class  of  1971) 
Evans,  Barbara 
Florey,  Rodney 
Ashley,  Billy 
Bland,  Peggy 
Brewer,  Sam 
Brown,  Cindy 
Clark,  Corrine 
Cribbet,  Brad 
Davis.  Vickie 
Dukeman.  Steve 
Moon.  Johnny 
Flannell,  Danny 
Flesh ner.  James 
Florey.  Sharon 
Freeland.  Renee 
Funk.  Jane 
Hamilton.  Melody 
Hoskins.  Marie 
Kelly.  Alton 
Kirkwood.  Dorothy 
LaCost,  Sandra 
Martin,  Orville  (Punch) 
Doyle,  Eloise 
Noblitt,  Susan 
Osman,  Joan 
Ray.  Patricia 
Russell.  Anne 
Sanner,  Kay 
Schwartz.  Paggy 
Seelow,  Lois 
Smith.  Leonard 
Smith,  Teresa 
I  isler.  Jerry 
Weakly.  John 

Class  of  1971 
Blackford.  Tony 
Book.  Harry 
Carder.  Marcheta 
Clark.  Kent 
Creek.  Vicki  Butt 
Cribbet,  Donna  Sue 
Cruit.  Deon 
Davis.  Debra 
Farris.  Cheryl 
Ferguson,  Janet 
Fitzgerald,   Thomas 
Fleshner,  Paul 
Fox,  Hans 
Hill.  David 
La  Cost.  Hazel  Ann 
Lee.  John 
Lesley,  Brenda 
McCain.  John 

Mcllwain,  Bill 
Marshall,  Tom 
Mathias,  Monte 
Mathias.  Nelda 
Parsons.  Mike 
Phillippo,  Karen 
Pyles.  Dennis 
Sapp,  Becky 
Schwartz,  Joe 
Sereda,  Jessica 
Smith.  Bill 
Smith,  Steven 
Snyder,  Linda 
White,  Richard 
Whitely,  Donna 

Class  of  1972 
Brewer,  Charles 
Bruce,  Bob 
Bryant,  Phil 
Bubb,  Cyndi  Hooper 
Calhoun.  Rick  L. 
Carlyle.  James  E. 
Dowdell,  Herschel 
Dukeman,  Randy 
Embry,  Dale 
Florey,  Randy 
Hamilton,  Harvey 
Hickenbottom,  Sue 
Hicks,  Sharon 
Johnson,  Bonnie 
McCorvie,  Mary 
McLain.  Jill 
Muzzy,  Jerry 
Phillipo,  Brenda 
Reeter,  Brett 
Risley,  Mary 
Sanders,  Diana 
Smith.  Kathy  Brewer 
Snyder.  Donald 
Vanatta,  Pam 
Vollmer,  Steve 
Wakeland.  Shawna 
Bryant,  Peggy  Weakly 
Wehner.  Allen 
Wheeler,  Randy 

Class  of  1973 
Abbott,  Ted 
Armer.  Nancy 
Ashley.  Boh 
Book.  Bob 
Bryant,  Mary 
Butt.  Mary 
Davis.  Sheila 
Gibbons,  Cindy 
(list,  Davena 
Gordon,  Karla 
Her,  Sally 
Johnson,  Ricci 
Johnson,  Sue 
Karr.  LuAnn 
Kelly,  Diane 
Keown.  Debbie 
Kidwell,  Debbie 
Kohler,  Linda 
Lancaster.  Wilbur 
Marshall,  Nancy 
Reeter.  Randy 
Risley,  Pat 
Sharp.  Nancy 
Siere.  Harrv 


Siere,  Ray 

Smith.  Vanessa 
Snyder.  Kenneth 
Sowers,  Steve 
Sullivan.  Mike 
Tipsword,  Steve 
Tucker.  Cheryl 
Vanatta,  Brenda 
West.  Donna 
Wilson.  Dave 

Class  of  1974 
Apke.  Maria 
Bagley,  Kenneth 
Hates.  Robin 
Bone,  Dan 
Boyer.  Ben 
Brewer.  Colleen 
Brewer.  Deborah 
Calhoun.  Monte 
Cohan.  Gerald,  Jr. 
Cruit.  Gay 
Eccles.  Merel 
Farris.  Diane 
Fitzgerald,  Jane 
Foster.  Cheryl 
Grove,  Barbara 
Holland,  Mike 
Jenkins,  Ron 
McCorvie,  Bill 
McManaway.  Bam 
Marshall,  Brett 
Nailer.  Harold 
Orris.  Kathy 
Pasrons,  Steve 
Pasley,  Tim 
Peterson,  Maria 
Bobbins.  .Joe 
Sanner,  Stan 
Siere.  .John 
Sowers.  Nancy 
Spencer,  Denise 
Standerfer,  Brent 
Sullivan,  Debra 
Thrnneburg,  Brenda 
Underwood,  Rick 
Wakeland.  Cathy 
Weakly.  Janet 
W  heeler,  Tim 

Class  of  1975 
Allsop,  Gregory 
Bennett.  Michael 
Black.  Alma  Book 
Bone,  James 
Book.  Marvin 
Brewer,  Joyce 
Bryant,  Daniel 
Butler.  Rebecca 
Carlyle,  Betty  Jo 
Casteel.  Linda  Webner 
Dowdell,  Donald 
Eckel,  Christopher 
Crist.  Robbie 
Goetz,  Michael 
Holthaus,  Jeffrey 
Her.  (iarv 
Kirkwood,  Linda 
Miller.  E.  Charles 
Nichols.  Betty  Beachy 
Puyear,  Larry 
Ranch.  Angela 

Sharp.  Barbara 
Smith,  Susan  I. 
Snyder,  Barbara 
Stables,  Stanley 
Suddarth.  Daniel 
Sullivan,  Kathryn 
Thomas,  Ronald 
Thompson,  Martha  Sumpter 
Thompson.  Yicki 
I'hronehurg.  Linda 
Warren.  David 




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